Volume 4, Number 4 (Autumn 2015)                   JOHE 2015, 4(4): 198-204 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Firoozi Chahak A, Beheshti M, Poursadeghiyan M. Effect of health, safety, and environment management system training on safety climate in a mine in Yazd Province, Iran. JOHE. 2015; 4 (4) :198-204
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-153-en.html

Faculty Member Dept. of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. , beheshtihasan8@gmail.com
Abstract:   (611 Views)

Background: Today, with the development of technology, the presence and role of human resources has been highlighted in industrial environments. Hence, the importance of safety culture is growing. Mining is the one of the most dangerous occupations. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the effect of health, safety, and environment management system (HSE-MS) on safety climate in one of the mines in Yazd Province, Iran, in 2014.

Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 32 employees of the operations unit working in one of the mines in Yazd Province. The standard 20-item Safety Climate Questionnaire (α = 0.77) which was valid and reliable was used to evaluate the safety culture at the unit. In this questionnaire, the items were scored based on a 5-point Likert scale. Data were collected before and 2 months after the HSE-MS training courses. The inclusion and exclusion criteria were willingness to participate in the project, at least 1 year of work experience, and the lack of specific and neurological diseases. The collected data were entered into SPSS statistical software.

Results: In this study, 28.1% of the study population was single and 71.9% married. The average score of the safety climate dimensions of managerial commitment, safety communications, safe environment, responsibility of managers, perception of risk, job satisfaction, and knowledge and awareness of safety issues was 11.09 ± 2.66, 7.50 ± 2.36, 8.09 ± 1.92, 6.56 ± 1.58, 8.43 ± 1.56, 4.59 ± 1.58, and 4.25 ± 1.27, respectively. The dimension of understanding of risk and knowledge and awareness of safety issues were predictors of job satisfaction in workers.

Conclusions: It can be concluded that attitudes of the examined miners toward safety climate were at a moderate level, and that the level of their attitudes increased after the HSE-MS training course. Therefore, safety climate can be greatly improved with HSE-MS training course.

Full-Text [PDF 285 kb]   |   Full text (HTML)   (444 Downloads)    
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health

1. Sepehr P, Mohammad Fam I, Ketabi D, Sepehr N. Effect of engineering and management interventions on promoting safety culture indicators among workers of Iranian pipe rolling factory. The Journal of Toloo-e-behdasht 2014; 13(3):11-20.
2. Kirchsteiger C. Trends in accidents, disasters and risk sources in Europe. J Loss Prev process Ind 1999; 12(1):7-17.
3. Parker D, Lawrie M, Hudson P. A framework for understanding the development of organization safety culture. Saf Sci 2006; 44(6):551-62.
4. Guldenmund FW. The use of questionnaires in safety culture research-an evaluation. Saf Sci 2007; 45(6):723-43.
5. Dedobbeleer N, Beland F. A safety climate measure for construction sites. J Safety Res 1991; 22(2):97-103.
6. Feng X, Bobay K, Weiss M. patient safety culture in nursing: a dimensional concept analysis. J Adv Nurs 2008; 63(3):310-19.
7. Beriha GS, Patnaik B, Mahapatra SS, Padhee S. Assessment of safety performance in Indian industries using fuzzy approach. Expert Syst Appl 2012; 39(3):3311-23.
8. Beriha GS, Patnaik B, Mahapatra SS. Safety performance evaluation of Indian organizations using data envelopment analysis. Benchmarking: An International Journal 2011; 18(2):197-220.
9. Mortazavi SB, Asilian H, Avestakhan M. Relationship between safety climate factors and the risk of dangerous situations in height among construction workers. Iran Occupational Health Journal 2011; 8(1):51-60.
10. Cooper MD, Phillhps RA. Exploratory analaysis of the safety climate and safety behavior relation. J Safety Res 2004; 35(5):497-512.
11. Flin R, Mearns K, O'Connor P, Bryden R. Measuring safety climate: identifying the common features. Saf Sci 2000; 34(1):177-92.
12. Heidari MH, Farshad AA, Arghami Sh. A study on relationship between production link worker's safety attitude and their safe act in of Arak metal industry. Iran Occupational Health Journal 2007; 4(3 and 4):1-9.
13. Adl J, Jahangiri M, Rismanchian M, Mary Oriad H, Karimi A, Ghaderi MR. Safety climate in a steel-manufacturing plant. Journal of School of Public Health and Institue of Public Health Research 2011; 9(1):23-34.
14. Mohammadi Zeadi E, Heidarinia AR, Neaknami Sh. Measure the safety climate at the workplace: the design, Validity and reliability of questionnaires. Payesh Journal 2011;10(2):157-66.
15. Zohar D, Luria G. A multilevel model of safety climate: cross-level relationships between organization and group-level climates. J Appl Psychol 2005; 90(4):616-28.
16. Ma Q, Yuan J. Exploratory study on safety climate in Chinese manufacturing enterprises. Saf Sci 2009; 47(7):1043-6.
17. Niskanen T. Assessing the safety environment in the work organization of road maintenance jobs. Accid Anal Prev 1994; 26(1):27-39.
18. Lindell MK, Brandt CJ. Climate quality and climate consensus as mediators of the relationship between organizational antecedents and outcomes. J Appl Psychol 2000; 85(3):331-48.
19. Smith GS, Huang YH, Ho M, Chen PY. The relationship between safety climate and injury rates across industries: the need to adjust for injury hazards. Accid Anal Prev 2006; 38(3):556-62.
20. Arezes PM, Miguel AS. Risk perception and safety behavior: a study in an occupational environment. Saf Sci 2008; 46(6):900-7.
21. Fairchild RM, Pesut DJ, Harrington CF. Creating safety culture on nursing units: human performance and organizational system factors that make a difference. J Patient Saf 2006; 2(4):198-206.
22. Tabibei J, Nasireipour AA, Maleki MR, Raessi P, Mahmmoudi M, Azimi L. Survey of employees' safety attitude in a teaching hospital Tehran 2010. Iran Occupational Health Journal 2011; 7(4):25-31.
23. Zaravshani V, Sheykhi S, Amini M, Mohamadizeydi E. Investigation of safety attitude among operating room staff of of educational hospital of Qazvin university of medical sciences. Paper presented at: 2nd Conference in Tehran Safe Community; 2009 October 7-8; Tahran, Iran.
24. Zohar D. The effects of leadership dimensions, safety climate, and assigned priorities on minor injuries in work groups. J Organ Behav 2002; 23(1):75-92.
25. Basen-Engquist K, Hudmon KS, Tripp M, Chamberlain R. Worksite health and safety climate: scale development and effects of a health promotion intervention. Prev Med 1998; 27(1):111-9.
26. Cooper MD, Phillips RA. Exploratory analysis of the safety climate and safety behavior relationship. J Safety Res 2004; 35(5):497-512.
27. Glendon AI, Litherland DK. Safety climate factors, group differences and safety behavior in road construction. Saf Sci 2001; 39(3):157-88.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb