Volume 5, Number 2 (Spring 2016 2016)                   JOHE 2016, 5(2): 63-71 | Back to browse issues page



PMCID: 0

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shariati M, Naderi A. The relationship between chair dimensions and musculoskeletal disorders among female students in one academic branch. JOHE. 2016; 5 (2) :63-71
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-200-en.html

MSc Faculty Member, Dept. of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. , Marina.shariati@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (559 Views)

Background: Individuals, who spend most of their time sitting, are at 30% more risk of suffering from lumbar disc than other people. One of the causes of pain in the lumbar region is musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). MSDs are the most common and most costly injuries in occupational, administrative, and academic environments. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between chair dimensions and the prevalence of MSDs in female students.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study was conducted on 101 female students of Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran. Dimensions of chairs (width and length of chair seat, backrest length, and etc.) were measured using a tape measure and goniometer. Lordosis and kyphosis were evaluated using a Gravity line. Data were analyzed using chi-square test. All p values of less than 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: The subjects’ mean age was 27.12 years and 50% of the subjects had normal BMI. There was no significant relationship between ergonomic dimensions of chairs and kyphosis abnormality (P < 0.05). There was a significant relationship between lordosis abnormality and height of backrest (P = 0.04), seat to ground height (P = 0.04), seat width (P = 0.02), height of armrest (P = 0.04), and armrest to seat height (P = 0.04).

Conclusions: According to the results, the dimensions of chairs that were used in the university were not favorable. This could lead to the presentation of some MSDs. It is recommended that the anthropometric dimensions of the consumer society be considered before the purchasing of chairs.

Full-Text [PDF 373 kb]   (158 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (187 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Epidemiology

References
1. Mohseni-Bandpei M, Fakhri M, Ahmad-Shirvani M, Bagheri-Nesami M, Khalilian A. Risk factors for low back pain in nurses of Mazandaran province. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2006; 15(50):118-24.
2. Alexopoulos EC, Stathi ICh, Charizani F. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentist. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2004; 5:16. doi:10.1186/1471-2474-5-16
3. Kathy Cheng HY, Cheng CY, Ju YY. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic risk factors in early intervention educators. Appl Ergon 2013; 44(1):134-41.
4. Yu W, Yu IT, Wang X, Li Z, Wan S, Qiu H, et al. Effectiveness of participatory training for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders: a randomized controlled trial. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2013; 86(4):431-40.
5. Saeidi M. Low back pain and neck pain in related to poor posture in Hospital female personnel of Fateme-Zahra Hospital, Najaf-Abad. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences 2011; 7(3):259-66.
6. Bot SDM, Terwee CB, van der Windt DAWM, van der Beek AJ, Bouter LM, Dekker J. Work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors for sick leave in patients with neck or upper extremity complaints. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2007; 80(8):733-41.
7. Werner RA, Franzblau A, Gell N, Hartigan AG, Ebersole M, Armstrong TJ. Risk factors for visiting, a medical department because of upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Scand J Work Environ Health 2005; 31(2):132-7.
8. Hänninen O, Koskelo R. Adjustable tables and chairs correct posture and lower muscle tension and pain in high school students. Paper Presented at: The 15th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association; 2003 August 24-29; Seoul, Korea.
9. Lorusso A, Bruno S, L'Abbaate N. A review of low back pain and musculoskeletal disorders among Italian nursing personnel. Ind Health 2007; 45(5):637-44.
10. Mohseni Bandpey MA, Fakhri M, Ahmad Shirvani M, Bagheri Nesami M, Khalilian A. Epidemiological aspects of low back pain in nurses. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences 2005; 7(2):35-40.
11. Harutunian K, Gargallo-Albiol J, Figueiredo R, Gay-Escoda C. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal, pain among postgraduate students and faculty members of the school of dentistry of the university of Barcelona (Spain). A crosssectiona study. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011; 16(3):e425-9.
12. Dianat I, Karimi MA, Asl Hashemi A, Bahrampour S. Classroom furniture and anthropometric characteristics of Iranian high school students: Proposed dimensions based on anthropometric data. Appl Ergon 2013; 44(1):101-8.
13. Yektaee T, Tabatabaee Ghomshe F, Piri L. The effect of ergonomic principles education on musculoskeletal disorders among computer users. Archives of Rehabilitation 2013; 13(4):108-16.
14. Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Soleimani H, Lotfi MH, Akbari H, Heidari N. Musculoskeletal disorders among video display terminal (VDT) workers comparing with other office workers. Iran Occupational Health Journal 2010; 7(2):11-14.
15. Khosroabadi AA, Razavi SM, Fallahi M, Akaberi A. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in health treatment employees at Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2008. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences 2010; 17(3): 218-23.
16. Alizadeh MH, Gharakhanlou R, Daneshmandi H. Corrective and therapeutic Exercises. 2nd ed. Tehran, Iran: ACECR, Allameh Tabatabaei University Press; 2004
17. Sayari A, Farahani A, Ghanbarzadeh M. Study and comparison effect of structural corrective exercise and aerobic corrective exercise program on some pulmonary indices of kyphoyic students in Ahwaz Shahid Chamran University. Olympic 2006; 14(3):61-9.
18. Ghafori F, Havanloo F, Asghari A, Arshadi R. Relationship between kyphosis and depression and anxiety in athlete and non-athlete male students in Selected University of Tehran. Research on Sport Science 2006; 4(12):107-22.
19. Daneshmandi H, Alizadeh MH, Gharakhanlou R. Corrective Exercises. 1st ed. Tehran, Iran: Samt Press; 2008.
20. Vuillerme N, Pinsault N, Vaillant J. Postural control during quit standing following cervical muscular – fatigue: effect of change in sensory input. Nneurosci Lett 2005; 378(3):135-9.
21. Magee DJ. Orthopedic physical assessment. 5th ed. Philadelphia, United States: Saunders; 2007; P.873-5.
22. Yoosefy B. A study of the relationship among come ergonomic features of school desks & benches and anthropometry indexes of male students from Kermanshah plus prevalence of spinal column and upper skeletal organ abnormalities. Harakat 2006; (26):23-40.
23. Mehrabani F, Mehrabani J. Evaluation of the level of physical activity, obesity, and musculoskeletal abnormalities in university students. Tabari Journal of Preventive Medicine 2016; 2(3):33-43.
24. Chobineh AR, Mouodi MA. The human, anthropometry, ergonomics, and design. 5th ed. [S. Fyznt, Trans]. Tehran: Markaz Nashr Press; 2013.
25. Vafaee B, Zaree F, Nikpey A, Varmazyar S, Safaryvariani A. Review the proportion of university seats with body dimensions of students at the School of Public Health of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 1388. Iran Occupational Health Journal 2011; 8(3(:39-47.
26. Klamklay J, Sungkhapong A, Yodpijit N, Patterson PE. Anthropometry of the Southern Thai population. Int J Ind Ergon 2008; 38(1):111-8.
27. Alnaser MZ, Wughalter EH. Effect of chair design on ratings of discomfort. Work 2009; 34(2):223-34.
28. Zamani BE, Nasr Esfahani AR. Physical and cultural characteristics of instructional spaces in four developed countries from the viewpoints of Iranian parents and students. Journal of Educational Innovations 2008; 6(23): 55-84.
29. Ming Z, Närhi M, Siivola J. Neck and shoulder pain related to computer use. Pathophysiology 2004; 11(1):51-6.
30. Sokhanguie Y, Afsharmand Z. Corretive Exercises. 1st ed. Tehran: Hatmi Press; 2013.
31. Ismaila SO, Musa AI, Adejuyigbe SB, Akinyemi OD. Anthropometric design of furniture for use in tertiary institutions in abeokuta, South-Western Nigeria. Engineering Review 2013; 33(3):179-92.
32. Fathi M, Rezaei R. The study and comparison of postural abnormalities in boy and girl middle school and high school students. Roshd in physical education 2010; 11(1):46-53.
33. Kargarfard M, Mahdavi-Nejad R, Ghasemi GhA, Rouzbehani R, Ghias M, Mahdavi-Jafari Z, et al. Assessment of spinal curvature in Isfahan university students. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2010; 27(102):762-76.
34. Irandoost KH. The relationship between lower limb deformities and spine with biometric body dimensions and tools used in school and life boys and girls 8 to 11 years in Qazvin [Research Project]. Qazvin: Qazvin University; 2004.
35. Rezvani Tarshizi A. Determination anthropometric characteristics of high schools students Tehran to design desks and benches [MSc thesis]. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University; 1996.
36. Zakeri Y, Gheibizadeh M, Baraz SH, Bijan Nejad D, Latifi SM. Relationship between features of desks and prevalence of skeletal disorders in primary school students in Abadan. Int J Pediatr 2016; 4(11):3949-56.
37. Tavazoa A. The examination of ergonomic relationship for occupational chair and desk with some of the abnormality in the upper limbs of inactive men and middle age personnel in N.I.S.O.C [MSc thesis]. Ahvaz: Shahid Chamran University; 2009.
38. Sepehri S, Habibi AH, Shakerian S. The relationship between ergonomic chair and musculoskeletal disorders in north of Khuzestan’s students. Eur J Exp Biol 2013; 3(4):181-7.
39. Barakat S, Javan M, Dehghan H, Habibi E. Ergonomic assessment of body posture during work using the Rapid Entire Body Assessment method and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dental students. Journal of Isfahan Dental School 2013; 9(5):423-32.
40. Tirgar A, Aghala Z, Salari F. Musculoskeletal disorders and awareness of ergonomic considerations in computer use among medical sciences students. Journal of Ergonomics 2014; 1(3):55-64.
41. Daneshmandi H, Isanezhad A, Hematinezhad MA. The effects of classroom furniture on back, neck, lumbar and leg fatigue in student. Journal of movement science & sports 2008; 5(1 Special Issue):37-44.
42. Kendall FP, McCreary EK, Provance PG, Rodgers MM, Romani WA. Muscles: testing and function with posture and pain. 5th ed. Philadelphia, United States: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.
43. Murphy S, Buckle P, Stubbs D. A cross-sectional study of self-reported back and neck pain among English schoolchildren and associated physical and psychological risk factors. Appl Ergon 2007; 38(6):797-804.
44. Trevelyan FC, Legg SJ. Risk factors associated with back pain in New Zealand school children. Ergonomics 2011; 54(3):257-62.
45. Pheasant S. Human, anthropometry, ergonomics and design. [AR. Choobineh, MA Mouoodi Trans]. 5th ed. Tehran: nashr-e-markaz; 2016.‬‬
46. Been E, Kalichman L. Lumbar lordosis. The Spine Journal 2014; 14(1):87-97.
47. Mandal ÅC. Work-chair with tilting seat. Ergonomics 1976; 19(2):157-64.
48. Bridger RS, Von Eisenhart-Rothe C, Henneberg M. Effects of seat slope and hip flexion on spinal angles in sitting. Hum Factors 1989; 31(6):679-88.
49. Sanders MS, McCormick EJ. Ergonomics (human factors in design engineering) [MR. Afzali Trans]. 7th ed. Tehran: University Sciences Press; 1999.
50. Panagiotopoulou G, Christoulas K, Papanckolaou A, Mandroukas K. Classroom furniture dimensions and anthropometric measures in primary school. Appl Ergon 2004; 35(2):121-8.
51. Knight G, Noyes J. Children's behavior and the design of school furniture. Ergonomic 1999; 42(5):747-60.
52. Amick BC 3rd, Robertson MM, DeRango K, Bazzani L, Moore A, Rooney T, Harrist R. Effect of office ergonomics intervention on reducing musculoskeletal symptoms. Spine 2003; 28(24):2706-11.
53. Switzerland, International Organization for Standardization. ISO 5970:1979. Furniture Chairs and tables for educational institutions Functional sizes. Geneva 2012. Report No.: TC/SC: ISO/TC 136, ICS: 97.140. Available from: http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=12165.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb