Volume 7, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(3): 185-191 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


MSc of Environmental Sciences Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe University, Caçador, State Santa Catarina, Brazil. , rogerffcampos@gmail.com
Abstract:   (595 Views)
Background: With industrial development, many production processes emit high levels of noise, presenting problems for society. This emission causes an environmental impact on employees and also on the surrounding environment.
Materials and Methods: The present study was performed with the objective of analyzing the noise emission in a plastic recycling plant in the municipality of Caçador, Santa Catarina (SC), Brazil, with the perspective of the environmental suitability with the regulatory environmental agencies.
Results: According to the relevant legislation, the plant had significant noise emission levels, reaching 98 A-weighted decibels [dB (A)], since NBR 10151/2000has permitted the emission of 70 dB (A) for industrial areas.
Conclusions: Thus, the plant under study needs to seek for ways to reduce its noise emission in its production process; this issue can be attributed to the isolation of the washing process, as the centrifuges in this process are responsible for generation of main part of the noise. Regarding the occupational hygiene process, the plant needs the distribution of ear protectors due to the emission of noise, seeking the best quality of work for its employees.

 
Full-Text [PDF 363 kb]   (230 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (109 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2017/07/27 | Accepted: 2018/02/26 | ePublished: 2018/12/10

References
1. Mano EB, Pacheco EBAV, Bonelli CMC. Environment, pollution and recycling. 2nded. São Paulo: Blucher; 2010.
2. Braga B, Hespanhol I, Conejo JGL, Mierzwa JC, Barros MTL, Spencer M, et al.. Introduction to environmental engineering-The challenge of sustainable development. 2nded. São Paulo: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2006.
3. Fiorillo, CAP. Brazilian environmental law course. 4thed. São Paulo: Saraiva; 2003. P116.
4. Brasil. Resolution CONAMA 001/90 of March 08, 1990. Provides criteria and standards for noise emission, industrial activities. Brasília; 1990. Available from: http://www.mma.gov.br/port/conama/legiabre.cfm?codlegi=98.
5. Carmo, LIC. Effect of environmental noise on the human organism and its auditory manifestations. [MSc thesis]. Goiânia, Goiás: Center for Specialization in Clinical Speech-Language Pathology Audiology Alínica; 1999.
6. FyhriA, Aasvang GM. Noise, sleep and poor health: Modeling the relationship between road traffic noise and cardiovascular problems. Sci Total Environ 2010; 408(21):4935-42. [DOI] [PMID]
7. Campos RFF. Evaluation and characterization of insalubrity by exposure to noise in a plastic recycling company. [MSc thesis]. Caçador, Santa Catarina, Brazil: University Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe; 2016.
8. Lacerda ABM, Magni C, Morata TC, Marques JM, Zannini PHT. Urban environment and sound perception. Environment & Society 2005; 8(2):1-13. [Article] [DOI]
9. Cunha DF, Resende AA. Measurement of noise analysis in small machine shop for machining processes. Paper presented at: The 32nd National Meeting of Production Engineering; 2012 October 15-18; Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
10. Venturoli F, Fiefler NC, Minetti LJ, Martins, IS. Evaluation of noise level in joinery in Distrito Federal, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering 2003; 7(3):547-51. [Article] [DOI]
11. Girardi G, Sellitto MF. Measurement and recognition of physical risk concerning noise in a company of furniture industry in Rio Grande do Sul highland. Technological Studies in Engineering 2011; 7(1):12-23. [Article] [DOI]
12. Formigoni CEM. Evaluation and characterization of insalubrity by exposure to environmental noise of workers of an industrial waste management company. [MSc thesis] Curitiba: Federal Technological University of Parana; 2013.
13. Takahashi S. Measurement of noise in a small metalworking company according to NR-15. Paper presented at: The 22nd Symposium on Production Engineering; 2015 November 7-9; Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.
14. Barcelos DD. Analysis of noise risk in clothing industry.Journal Center for Specialization in Clinical Speech Pathology 2014; 16(1):39-49. [DOI]
15. Tavares VC. The crushing process of the company Britamix in the municipality of Queimadas/PB and the analysis of noise pollution. Brazilian Journal of Physical Geography 2016; 9(2):399-412. [DOI]
16. 16.Lacerda ABM, Magni C, Morata TC, Marques JM, Zannini PHT. Urban environment and sound perception. Environment & Society 2005; 8(2):1-13. [DOI]
17. King RP, Davis, JR. Community noise: health effects and management. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2006; 206(2):123-31. [DOI] [PMID]
18. Carmo LIC. Effect of environmental noise on the human organism and its auditory manifestations. Goiânia: Center for Clinical Phono- Audiology Specialization Clinical Audiology; 1999.
19. Moudon AV. Real Noise from the Urban Environment: How Ambient Community Noise Affects Health and What Can Be Done About It. Am J Prev Med 2009; 37(2):167-71. [DOI] [PMID]
20. Brazilian Association of Technical Standards, ABNT (2001). NBR l0.151 - Acoustics - Evaluation of noise in inhabited areas, aiming at the comfort of the community Procedure. Rio de Janeiro; 2001.
21. Silva FAS,Azevedo CAV. Main components analysis in the software assistat statistical attendance.Paper presented at: The World Congress on Computers in Agriculture; 2009 June 21-24; Reno, Nevada, United States.
22. Taghizadeh R, Zare M, Zare S. Mapping of noise pollution by different interpolation methods in recovery section of Ghandi telecommunication Cables Company. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2013; 2(1-2):1-11. [Article]
23. Brasil. Ministry of Labor and Employment. Activities and Unhealthy Operations, Portaria SIT n.º 203. Brasília: Ministry of Labor and Employment; 2001.
24. Brasil, Ministry of Labor and Employment. Occupational Hygiene Standard - OHS 01 - Occupational exposure to noise assessment, Fundacentro. Brasília: Ministry of Labor and Employment; 2001.
25. Souza LE, Dorneles FT, Zago LEO, Abichequer LA, Neto RO, Gonqalves IG, et al. Noise and vibration impact assessment in city limits situation. Environmental Monographs 2015; 14:33-43. [Article]
26. Barcelos DD, Ataíde SG. Analysis of noise risk in clothing industry. Journal Center for Specialization in Clinical Speech Pathology 2014; 16(1):39-49. [DOI]
27. Lourenço GMS, da Silveira DD. Environmental education, developing activities to minimize noise in school. Electronic Journal in Environmental Management, Education and Technology 2011; 4(4):546-57.