Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(2): 75-82 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


1- Assistant Prof., Department of Pediatrics, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Department of Psychiatry, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , dr.hasani@rums.ac.ir
3- Medical Student, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
4- MSc of Educational Psychology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (495 Views)
Background: Behavioral disorders in childhood are very important due to the possibility of behavioral-mental disorders in adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of behavioral disorders factors among children in the 4th and 5th grade of primary school in Rafsanjan City, Iran, in 2016.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 500 students were selected from among the 4th and 5th grade of primary school based on the sample size formula and randomized cluster sampling method. Parents of the selected children filled out the demographic characteristics checklist and the Rutter Children’s Behavior ‎Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test in SPSS software.
Results: From the parents’ points of view, 110 (22%), 45 (9%), and 5 (1%) children had behavioral disorder, symptoms of aggression, and symptoms of antisocial behavior, respectively. The association between prevalence of behavioral disorder and student's age, father's occupation (P < 0.001), parental divorce (P < 0.012), birth rank (P = 0.034), parental addiction (P < 0.001), and parental education (P = 0.048) was statistically significance.
Conclusions: The prevalence of behavioral disorders among children in the 4th and 5th grade of primary school in Rafsanjan was high. Due to the negative effects of these disorders on different educational and social aspects of the students, the greater attention of authorities, teachers, and parents seems necessary to identify conducive factors and find appropriate strategies to prevent the emergence of such disorders.  

 
Full-Text [PDF 274 kb]   (182 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (49 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/08/16 | Accepted: 2017/12/27 | ePublished: 2018/07/28

References
1. Berk LE. Development through the Lifespan. 6th ed. London, England, United Kingdom: Pearson; 2013. [Book]
2. Ghiasi N, Nazarpur F, Bakhti F, Purnajaf A, Shirini KH. Prevalence of behavioral disorders among school-boys & girls in Ilam during 2005-6. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2008; 16(1):26-32. [Article]
3. Sadock BJ, Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan & Sadock's Synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral science / clinical psychiatry. 11th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015 [Book]
4. Khazaie T, Khazaie M, Khazaie MA. Prevalence of behavioral disorders among school children of Birjand. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences 2005; 12(1-2):79-86.
5. Khoddam H, Modanloo MM, Ziaei T, Keshtkar AA. Behavioral disorders and related factors in school age children of Gorgan. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research 2009; 4(14):29-37. [Article]
6. Jari M, Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Taheri M, Taslimi M, Motlagh ME. Prevalence of behavioral disorders in Iranian children. Journal of Health System Research 2016; 12(1):109-13. [Article]
7. Shafiabady A. Child guidance and couselling (Concepts and Applications). 2nd ed. Tehran: Samt; 2009.
8. Jalilian F, Rakhshani F, Ahmadpanah M, Zinat Motlagh F, Moieni B, Moghimbeigi A, et al. Prevalence of behavioral disorders and its associated factors in Hamadan primary school students. Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences 2013; 19(4):62-8. [Article]
9. Petersen MC, Kube DA, Whitaker TM, Graff JC, Palmer FB. Prevalence of developmental and behavioral disorders in a pediatric hospital. Pediatrics 2009; 123(3):e490-5. [DOI] [PMID]
10. Robinson LR, Holbrook JR, Bitsko RH, Hartwig SA, Kaminski JW, Ghandour RM, et al. Differences in health care, family, and community factors associated with mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders among children aged 2-8 years in rural and urban areas - United States, 2011-2012. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017; 66(8):1-11. [DOI] [PMID]
11. Syed EU, Hussein SA, Haidry SE. Prevalence of emotional and behavioural problems among primary school children in Karachi, Pakistan--multi informant survey. Indian J Pediatr 2009; 76(6):623-7. [DOI] [PMID]
12. Fuchs S, Klein AM, Otto Y, von Klitzing K. Prevalence of emotional and behavioral symptoms and their impact on daily life activities in a community sample of 3 to 5-year-old children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2013; 44(4):493-503. [DOI] [PMID]
13. Gomez R, Suhaimi AF. Incidence rates of emotional and behavioural problems in Malaysian children as measured by parent ratings of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Asian J Psychiatr 2013; 6(6):528-31. [Article] [DOI] [PMID]
14. Ma X, Yao Y, Zhao X. Prevalence of behavioral problems and related family functioning among middle school students in an eastern city of China. Asia Pac Psychiatry 2013; 5(1):E1-8. [Article] [DOI]
15. Elhamid AA, Howe A, Reading R. Prevalence of emotional and behavioural problems among 6-12 year old children in Egypt. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2009; 44(1):8-14. [DOI] [PMID]
16. Ashenafi Y, Kebede D, Desta M, Alem A. Prevalence of mental and behavioural disorders in Ethiopian children. East African medical journal. 2001; 78(6):308-11. [DOI] [PMID]
17. Santos LM, Queiros FC, Barreto ML, Santos DN. Prevalence of behavior problems and associated factors in preschool children from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 2016; 38(1):46-52. [DOI] [PMID]
18. Khoushabi K, Moradi Sh, Shojaei S, Hemmati-A'lamdarlou G, Dehshiri GR, Issa-Morad A. The evaluation of behavioral disorder prevalence in Ilam province primary students. Archives of Rehabilitation 2007; 8(1):28-33. [Article]
19. Ravaghie K, Shahgholian N, Mehralian H. Prevalence of behavioral disorders in children at primary schools of Shahr- Kord. Iran Journal of Nursing 2001; 13(27):35-41. [Article]
20. Ghobari Bonab B, Parand A, Hossein Khanzadeh Firoozjah A, Movallali G, Nemati Sh. Prevalence of children with behavioral disorders in primary schools in Tehran. Journal of Exceptional Children 2009; 9(3):223-8. [Article]
21. Eslamieh MM. Studing the extent of behavioral disorders among primary school students of Tehran. Journal of Exceptional Children 2008; 8(1):98-109. [Article]
22. Shojaei S, Hemati Alamdarlou Gh, Moradi Sh, Dehshiri GhR. Prevalence of behavioral disorders among elementary students in Fars province. Journal of Exceptional Children 2008; 8(2):225-40. [Article]
23. Kirk S, Gallagher JJ, Coleman MR, Anastasiow NJ. Educating exceptional children (What’s new in education). 13th ed. United States: Wadsworth Publishing; 2011. [Book]
24. Ahmadi Kh. Cultural, social and educational vulnerability in adolescents and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2010; 4(3):241-8. [Article]
25. Saberi Zafarghandi M. Some of the challenges of mental health and addiction in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology 2011; 17(2):161-57. [Article]
26. Rutter M. A children's behavior questionnaire for completion by teachers: preliminary findings. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1967; 8(1):1-11. [DOI] [PMID]
27. Yousefi F. Normalization of Rutter scale for assessment of behavioural and affective problems in girl and boy primary students of Shiraz. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities of Shiraz University 1997-1998; 13(1-2):171-94.
28. Kashkooli F. Epidemiology of children behavioral disorders in elementary schools in Bushehr. Paper presented at: The 5th Iranian Congress on Mental Health and Behavioral Disorders in Children and Adolescents; 2003; Zanjan University of medical sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
29. Farshidnejad A. The survey of epidemiology of behavioral disorders among primary school students in Isfahan. Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences 2005; 2(1):34-40.
30. Ranjbar Koochaksaraei F, Nabdel Y, Fakhari A, Dadashzadeh H. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents in the Northwest of Tabriz. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 2003; 37(59):56-60.
31. Shams-Esfandabadi H, Emami-Pour S, Sadrosadat SJ. A study on prevalence of behavioral disorders in primary school students in Abhar. Archives of Rehabilitation 2003; 4(1):34-41. [Article]
32. Heydari J, Azimi H, Mahmoudi GH, Mohammadpour RA. Prevalence of behavior-emotional disorders and its associated factors among the primary school students of Sari township in 2006. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2007; 16(56):91-100. [Article]
33. Matsuura M, Okubo Y, Toru M, Kojima T, He Y, Hou Y, et al. A cross-national EEG study of children with emotional and behavioral problems: a WHO collaborative study in the Western Pacific Region. Biol Psychiatry 1993; 34(1-2):59-65. [DOI] [PMID]
34. Rijlaarsdam J, Stevens GW, van der Ende J, Hofman A, Jaddoe VW, Mackenbach JP, et al. Economic disadvantage and young children’s emotional and behavioral problems: mechanisms of risk. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2013; 41(1):125-37. [DOI] [PMID]
35. Mohseni F. The Effect of nutrition on delinquency and criminal behavior looking at the teachings of Islam. Islamic Law Research Journal. 2014; 15(39):181-212. [Article]
36. Masoudnia E, Pourrahimian E. Impact of computer game on incidence of behavioral disorders among male elementary school students. Journal of Applied Sociology 2016; 27(3):117-134. [Article]
37. Narimani M, Sadeghieh Ahrari S. Psychological condition of students of fatherless (Martyr) families. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 2008; 3(5):537-42. [Article]
38. Khodakarami B, Faradmal J, Asghari SZ, Zaini E. Behavioral disorders among students of girl’s guidance schools of Hamadan city and affecting factors. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty 2013; 21(1):59-69. [Article]
39. Jansen DE, Veenstra R, Ormel J, Verhulst FC, Reijneveld SA. Early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The longitudinal TRAILS study. BMC Public Health 2011; 11:440. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
40. Campbell SB, Spieker S, Burchinal M, Poe MD; NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. Trajectories of aggression from toddlerhood to age 9 predict academic and social functioning through age 12. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2006; 47(8):791-800. [DOI] [PMID]
41. Pourhossein R, Habibi M, Ashoori A, Ghanbari N, Riahi Y, Ghodrati S. Prevalence of behavioral disorders among preschool children. Fundamentals of Mental Health 2015; 17(5):234-9. [Article]
42. Ghamari Kivi H, Khoshnoodnia Chomachaei B. Gender differences in the prevalence of behavioral disorders in children and adolescents referring to Ardabil medical clinics. Paper Presented at: The 6th International Congress on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2013 Sep 17-19; Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
43. Shahi Y, Mirzamani SM, Afrouz GhA, Pourmohammadrezatajrishi M, Salehi M. Effect of parents' educational level on social skills and behavior problems of students with down syndrome. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health 2009; 11(42):141-8. [Article]
44. Hakim Shooshtray M, Panaghy L, Hajebi A, Abedi Sh. Emotional and behavioral problems of single parent vs. two parent children: Imam Khomeini Charity. Tehran University Medical Journal 2008; 66(3):196-202. [Article]
45. Shams-Esfandabad H, Sadrosadat SJ, Emami-Pour S. Behavioral disorders in children of addicated fathers. Archives of Rehabilitation 2004; 5(1-2):32-8. [Article]
46. Kaiser T, Li J, Pollmann-Schult M, Song AY. Poverty and child behavioral problems: the mediating role of parenting and parental well-being. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017; 14(9). [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
47. Ahany R, Hasheminasab M, Nekoonam MS. The comparison of behavioral disorders in 7-12 year-old children with Parental substance abusers and children with normal parents. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2017; 3(4):23-30. [Article] [DOI]
48. Lester BM, Lagasse LL. Children of addicted women. J Addict Dis 2010; 29(2):259-76. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
49. Nygaard E, Slinning K, Moe V, Walhovd KB. Behavior and attention problems in eight-year-old children with prenatal opiate and poly-substance exposure: a longitudinal study. PLoS One 2016; 11(6):e0158054. [DOI] [PMID]
50. Solis JM, Shadur JM, Burns AR, Hussong AM. Understanding the diverse needs of children whose parents abuse substances. Curr Drug Abuse Rev 2012; 5(2):135-47. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
51. Agha Mohammad Hasani P. Effect of life enrichment and advancement program (LEAP) on achievement motivation of high school girls with opium addicted parents. J Psychol Psychother 2013; 3:124. [Article] [DOI]
52. Taanila A, Ebeing H, Heikura U, Jarvelin MR. Behavioural problems of 8-year-old children with and without intellectual disability. J Pediatr Neurol 2003; 1(1):15-24. [Article]
53. Satoorian SA, Tahmasian K, Ahmadi MR. Comparison of child behavioral problems in families with single child and two child. Ravanshenasi Va Din 2014; 7(3):65-80.
54. Abazari K, Dolatabadi Sh. Study of the prevalence of behaviour disorders in dyslexic and normal students. Paper Presented at: The 6th International Congress on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2013 Sep 17-19; Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
55. Talebzadeh M. The effectiveness of storytelling on children's behavioral disorders. Paper Presented at: The 6th International Congress on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2013 Sep 17-19; Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.