Volume 7, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(3): 167-173 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , f.fa30h@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1060 Views)
Background: The revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) lifting equation (RNLE) is commonly used for risk assessment of manual handling, and can estimate low back pain (LBP) biomechanical stressors of lifting and/or lowering of loads. The aim of this study was to evaluate manual material handling by using the RNLE, LBP, and LBP disability index (LBPDI) among workers in a tile and ceramic industrial unit in Tehran, Iran.
Materials and Methods: A sample of 30 workers (manual workers) in a tile and ceramic production line was recruited. Low back pain prevalence and disability index were measured using body map questionnaire combined with visual analog scale and self-report Oswestry disability index (ODI), respectively. Statistical data analysis was done using SPSS software, version 22.
Results: According to results, composite lifting index was 14.77. Low back pain prevalence among workers was reported equal to 100%; also, Low back pain intensity was equal to 68.8 ± 17.8. The mean of Low back pain disability index among workers has been reported equal to 41.3 ± 17.1 (severe crippled).
Conclusions: The results show that composite lifting index value for these jobs exceeded 3, which means that there is a significant level of physical stress associated with these jobs for nearly all workers. Both strength and endurance for this job are high; therefore, job redesigning could decrease the physical demands, Low back pain prevalence, and Disability index, through modifying the job layout and work stations.

 
Keywords: Low Back Pain [MeSH], Workers [MeSH], Iran [MeSH],
Full-Text [PDF 393 kb]   (307 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (261 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2018/07/23 | Accepted: 2018/08/26 | ePublished: 2018/12/10

References
1. Masiero S, Carraro E, Celia A, Sarto D, Ermani M. Prevalence of nonspecific low back pain in schoolchildren aged between 13 and 15 years. Acta Paediatr 2008; 97(2):212-6. [DOI] [PMID]
2. Bell JA, Burnett A. Exercise for the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of low back pain in the workplace: a systematic review. J Occup Rehabil 2009; 19(1):8-24. [DOI] [PMID]
3. Hong J, Reed C, Novick D, Happich M. Costs associated with treatment of chronic low back pain: an analysis of the UK General Practice Research Database. Spine 2013; 38(1):75-82. [DOI] [PMID]
4. Lim SS, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Danaei G, Shibuya K, Adair-Rohani H, et al. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. lancet 2012; 380(9859):2224-60. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Hayden JA, Chou R, Hogg-Johnson S, Bombardier C. Systematic reviews of low back pain prognosis had variable methods and results: guidance for future prognosis reviews. J Clin Epidemiol 2009; 62(8):781-96. [DOI] [PMID]
6. Dagenais S, Caro J, Haldeman S. A systematic review of low back pain cost of illness studies in the United States and internationally. Spine J 2008; 8(1):8-20. [DOI] [PMID]
7. Health and Safety Executive. Health and Safety Statistics: Annual Report for Great Britain. London, Britain; Health and Safety Executive, National Statistics, Health and Safety Statistics; 2013/14. Available from: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/overall/hssh1314.pdf
8. Health and Safety Executive. Health and Safety Statistics: Annual release for Great Britain. London, Britain; Health and Safety Executive, National Statistics, Health and Safety Statistics; 2014/15. Available from: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/overall/hssh1415.pdf
9. Chou R, Qaseem A, Snow V, Casey D, Cross JT, Shekelle P, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain: a joint clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society. Ann Intern Med 2007; 147(7):478-91. [DOI] [PMID]
10. Manchikanti L. Epidemiology of low back pain. Pain Physician 2000; 3(2):167-92. [PMID]
11. Matsudaira K, Konishi H, Miyoshi K, Isomura T, Takeshita K, Hara N, et al. Potential risk factors for new onset of back pain disability in Japanese workers: findings from the Japan epidemiological research of occupation-related back pain study. Spine 2012; 37(15):1324-33. [DOI] [PMID]
12. Van Nieuwenhuyse A, Fathutdinova L, Verbeke G, Pirenne D, Johannik K, Somville PR, et al. Risk factors for first-ever low back pain among workers in their first employment. Occup Med 2004; 54(8):513-19. [DOI] [PMID]
13. Macfarlane GJ, Pallewatte N, Paudyal P, Blyth FM, Coggon D, Crombez G, et al. Evaluation of work-related psychosocial factors and regional musculoskeletal pain: results from a EULAR Task Force. Ann Rheum Dis 2009; 68(6):885-91. [DOI] [PMID]
14. Marras WS. Occupational low back disorder causation and control. Ergonomics 2000; 43(7):880-902. [DOI] [PMID]
15. Battevi N, Pandolfi M, Cortinovis I. Variable Lifting Index for manual-lifting risk assessment: a preliminary validation study. Hum Factors 2016; 58(5):712-25. [DOI] [PMID]
16. Garg A, Kapellusch JM. The Cumulative Lifting Index (CULI) for the revised NIOSH lifting equation quantifying risk for workers with job rotation. Hum Factors 2016; 58(5):683-94. [DOI] [PMID]
17. Sarkar K, Dev S, Das T, Chakrabarty S, Gangopadhyay S. Examination of postures and frequency of musculoskeletal disorders among manual workers in Calcutta, India. Int J Occup Environ Health 2016; 22(2):151-8. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Waters TR, Putz-Anderson V, Garg A. Applications manual for the revised NIOSH lifting equation. Cincinnati (OH): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science; 1994 Jan. 168 p. Report No.: 94-110. [Report]
19. Bombardier C. Outcome assessments in the evaluation of treatment of spinal disorders: summary and general recommendations. Spine 2000; 25(24):3100-3. [DOI] [PMID]
20. Jackowski D, Guyatt G. A guide to health measurement. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003; (413):80-9. [DOI] [PMID]
21. Fairbank JC, Pynsent PB. The Oswestry Disability Index. Spine 2000; 25(22):2940-52. [DOI] [PMID]
22. Ostelo RW, De Vet HC. Clinically important outcomes in low back pain. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2005; 19(4):593-607. [DOI] [PMID]
23. Marras WS, Karwowski W. Fundamentals and assessment tools for occupational ergonomics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Florida, United States: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis 2006. [Book]
24. Harkness EF, Macfarlane GJ, Nahit ES, Silman AJ, McBeth J. Risk factors for new‐onset low back pain amongst cohorts of newly employed workers. Rheumatology 2003; 42(8):959-68. [DOI] [PMID]
25. Karwowski W, Marras WS. Occupational ergonomics: engineering and administrative controls. 1st ed. United States: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis; 2003.
26. Saremi M. Assessment of musculoskeletal disorders among dentistry of Shahed University, using REBA method and provide appropriate corrective methods. [MSc thesis]. Tehran: Tarbiat Modarres University; 2003.
27. Nadri H, Nadri A, Rohani B, Fasih Ramandi F, Amin Sobhani M, Naseh I. Assessment of musculoskeletal disorders prevalence and body discomfort among dentists by visual analog discomfort scale. Journal of Mashhad Dental School 2015; 39(4):363-72. [Article]
28. Nadri H, Fasih-Ramandi F. Low back and neck pain intensity and relationship with disability index among dentists. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2016; 5(4):218-25. [Article] [DOI]
29. Chung MK, Kee D. Evaluation of lifting tasks frequently performed during fire brick manufacturing processes using NIOSH lifting equations. Int J Ind Ergon 2000; 25(4):423-33. [Article] [DOI]
30. Okimoto MLLR, Teixeira ER. Proposed procedures for measuring the lifting task variables required by the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation–A case study. Int J Ind Ergon 2009; 39(1):15-22. [Article] [DOI]
31. Dormohammadi A, Amjad-Sardrudi H, Motamedzade M, Dormohammadi R, Musavi S. Ergonomics intervention in a tile industry - case of manual material handling. J Res Health Sci 2012; 12(2):109-13. [PMID]
32. Torres Y, Viña S. Evaluation and redesign of manual material handling in a vaccine production centre’s warehouse. Work 2012; 41(1):2487-91. [DOI] [PMID]
33. Waters TR, Lu ML, Piacitelli LA, Werren D, Deddens JA. Efficacy of the revised NIOSH lifting equation to predict low back pain due to manual lifting: expanded cross-sectional analysis. J Occup Environ Med 2011; 53(9):1061-7. [DOI] [PMID]
34. Boda S, Garg A, Campbell-Kyureghyan N. Can the revised NIOSH lifting equation predict low back pain incidence in a “90-day-pain-free-cohort”? Proc Hum Factors Ergon Soc Annu Meet 2016; 56(1):1178-82. [Article] [DOI]
35. Roland M, Fairbank J. The Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire and the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire. Spine 2000; 25(24):3115-24. [DOI] [PMID]
36. Yip VY. New low back pain in nurses: work activities, work stress and sedentary lifestyle. J Adv Nurs 2004; 46(4):430-40. [DOI] [PMID]
37. Marshall SJ, Gorely T, Biddle SJ. A descriptive epidemiology of screen-based media use in youth: a review and critique. J Adolesc 2006; 29(3):333-49. [DOI] [PMID]
38. O’Sullivan PB, Mitchell T, Bulich P, Waller R, Holte J. The relationship beween posture and back muscle endurance in industrial workers with flexion-related low back pain. Man Ther 2006; 11(4):264-71. [DOI] [PMID]
39. Farahpour N, Marvi Esfahani M. Postural deviations from chronic low back pain and correction through exercise therapy. Tehran University Medical Journal 2008; 65(2):69-77. [Article]
40. Waling K, Järvholm B, Sundelin G. Effects of training on female trapezius myalgia: an intervention study with a 3-year follow-up period. Spine 2002; 27(8):789-96. [DOI] [PMID]
41. Eftekhar Sadat B, Babaei-Ghazani A, Azizi R, Parizad M. Prevalence and risk factors of neck and shoulder pain in medical students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2013; 35(3):12-17.
42. Youdas JW, Garrett TR, Egan KS, Therneau TM. Lumbar lordosis and pelvic inclination in adults with chronic low back pain. Phys Ther 2000; 80(3):161-75. [PMID]
43. Leboeuf-Yde C. Body weight and low back pain. A systematic literature review of 56 journal articles reporting on 65 epidemiologic studies. Spine 2000; 25(2):226-37. [DOI] [PMID]
44. Shiri R, Karppinen J, Leino-Arjas P, Solovieva S, Viikari-Juntura E. The association between obesity and low back pain: a meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 171(2):135-54. [DOI] [PMID]