Volume 4, Issue 3 (Summer 2015)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2015, 4(3): 190-197 | Back to browse issues page


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1- School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , afshari_m20@yahoo.com
2- Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Deputy of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3- Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
4- Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Article history
Received: 2016/06/28
Accepted: 2016/10/8
ePublished: 2016/11/6
Subject: Epidemiology
Abstract:   (6324 Views)

Background: In recent decades, ‎due to the increase in users of roads and inadequate attention to the creation and development of appropriate passageways for traffic, there has been a growing trend in traffic accidents and casualties caused by them. The traffic accidents among pedestrians to take necessary measures in a timely fashion should be well studied. This study was conducted with the goal of survey traffic accidents among pedestrians in 2014.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Accidents Record Program ‎regarding 2013. In this study, all traffic accidents in which the injured person was referred to a public or private ‎hospital in the country to receive health services or was transferred to the hospital by EMS 115 and ‎received remedial measures on an outpatient or inpatient basis in all provinces were considered‎. The incidence of pedestrian-vehicle accidents‎ was calculated per ten thousand. Map GIS software package was used for the mapping of occurrence of events and Microsoft EXCEL and Stata software were used for data analysis.

Results: In this study, the 82066 pedestrians who were injured in road accidents consisted of a total of 53240 men and 28826 women. The rate of traffic accidents was higher in men than in women (64.87% and 35.13%, respectively) and the majority of individuals affected were in the age group of 20 to 24 years. Most pedestrian-vehicle ‎accidents had occurred on the street (89.8%).

Conclusion: Pedestrians are at risk of the irreversible outcomes of traffic accidents; therefore, effective and regular training on the prevention of injury and secure environment is essential to reduce injuries.

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