Publishing Ethics

 | Post date: 2018/10/3 | 
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Ethics are the most important fundamental principle of investigation and research among academic scientists. JOHE policy is to publish high-quality scientific works considering the following Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statements about the expected ethical behavior for all parties related to JOHE publication, including the author, the peer reviewer, and the editor.
1. Publication and authorship
• References and the source of the financial support should be listed by all the published papers.
• Any type of plagiarism is forbidden.
• Publishing the same work in more than one journal is forbidden.
• Publishing the same work in different languages is also forbidden.
2. Author’s duties
• Original papers should report the research and the process of data collection accurately, discuss its significance objectively, give experiment details enough to reproduce the research or experiment by others, and cite and list the references exactly according to the JOHE requirement and JOHE reference style.
• Data access and retention: The raw data of the research should be available even after the paper’s publication for at least five years.
• Originality and plagiarism: Only entirely original findings can be submitted to JOHE. All the work or words of others should be cited or quoted appropriately. Plagiarism and fraudulent data papers will not be considered for publication by JOHE.
• Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: Papers accepted in JOHE should not be published in any other journal. Submitting the same research in different languages and the under-review manuscripts to different journals are also unethical behavior, which are not acceptable by JOHE.
• Sign the JOHE Copyright form and statement that all data in article are real and authentic.
• All authors should have significantly contributed to the research.
• For the studies, such as humans, animals, cell lines, field sampling, and potential biosafety implications, approval from the relevant body is required.
• All the financial support for the research should be disclosed.
• All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
• Acknowledgement of sources should be added to the paper.
3. Reviewers’ responsibilities
•Reviewers should judge objectively.
•Reviewers’ views should be reported clearly.
• The reviewer should inform the editor and drop out of the peer review process if he / she feels inadequate to review the paper or cannot promptly review the paper.
•There should be no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors, and/or the research funders by reviewers.
• Articles should be reviewed confidentially. Although, anonymous manuscripts would be sent to reviewers.
4. Editorial responsibilities
•Publication decisions: Editors have complete responsibility and authority in terms of rejecting / accepting an article. Although this decision should only be based on the paper’s relevance to JOHE's scope as well as its academic quality, including, its innovation, the research validity, the reviewers’ judgments etc.
•Confidentiality: The confidentiality of the submitted papers which should be only disclose to the authors, the reviewers, the potential reviewers, the adviser from the JOHE Editorial Committee, and the publisher if necessary before publication, should be guaranteed by editors and the editorial staff.
•Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to papers they reject/accept.
•Double-blind review in the peer review process, should be regarded.
•Anonymity of reviewers, should be respected.
•Promote publication of correction or retraction, when errors are detected.
5. Publishing ethics issues
• Plagiarism and fraudulent data are severely forbidden.
When a case of plagiarism and fraudulent data is exposed after the paper’s publication in JOHE, a preliminary inspectation will be conducted by JOHE. Author will be informed by JOHE. The author could response through JOHE official e-mail: /
If the plagiarism is confirmed, JOHE will contact the author’s institute and funding agencies. And JOHE will mark the plagiarism paper obviously on the PDF of this paper or formally retract the paper.
•Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board.
In order to avoid academic misconduct, crosscheck and double-blind peer review would be conducted for each paper. All the files related to each paper would be kept properly.
•Guidelines for retracting articles.
(a) The main purpose of retractions is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity rather than to punish authors who misbehave.
(b) Retracting article will be considered if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error), or if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication), or if the paper constitutes plagiarism, or if the paper reports unethical research. JOHE would inspect to find reliable evidence, if a work seems suspicious.
 (c) The retracted paper will not be removed from the JOHE online issues. But notices of retraction will be promptly published and linked to the retracted article, accurately stating the information of the retracted article, the reason(s) for retraction, and who retracts the article, which will be freely available to all readers.
(d) Articles may be retracted by their author(s) or by JOHE. In some cases, retractions are issued jointly. And JOHE has the final decision about retracting articles. JOHE will retract publications even if all or some of the authors refuse to retract the publication themselves if the unethical behavior is confirmed.
•Maintain the integrity of the academic record.
All the authors will make a commitment of the integrity of the academic record, including the integrity of the data and figures in the paper, when they sign the JOHE Copyright Form. And the crosscheck and peer review will help the editors to verify the originality and integrity of the submitted paper.
•All the business needs should be precluded from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
•Dealing with the fundamental errors.
When an author discovers fundamental errors in the published works, it is the author’s obligation to notify the editor promptly by e-mail. The editors and the editorial stuff should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

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