Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2017)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2017, 6(2): 84-91 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moradi M, Sadri Damirchi E, Khazan K, Dargahi S. The mediating role of psychological capital on the relationship between spiritual intelligence and job burnout. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2017; 6 (2) :84-91
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-244-en.html
1- Dept. of Educational Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , shahriardargahi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7987 Views)
Background: Job burnout in an organization is mainly negatively related to important institutional and individual consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of psychological capital on the relationship between spiritual intelligence and job burnout among the employees.
Materials and Methods: This study was descriptive and correlational. Community consisted of all employees of the University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran in 2017 of which 183 were selected through convenient sampling. The King’s Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory, the Luthans’s Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to collect the data. The content validity of the instruments was approved and their reliability was reported 0.89, 0.85, and 0.76, respectively. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation, regression and the structural equation modeling.
Results: There was a significant negative relationship between spiritual intelligence and job burnout (R = -0.37, P < 0.01). Moreover, a significant negative relationship was observed between psychological capital and job burnout among the staff (R = -0.34, P < 0.01). Ultimately, the results revealed that spiritual intelligence could affect job burnout among the employees through psychological capital.
Conclusions: Spiritual intelligence directly and psychological capital as a mediator reduce job burn out. Therefore amplification of different psychological aspects among employers such as spiritual intelligence and specifically psychological capital would help their liveliness at work place and reduction of job burnout.
Full-Text [PDF 508 kb]   (2004 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (2174 Views)  
Type of Study : Original Article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2017/04/20 | Accepted: 2017/07/19 | ePublished: 2017/09/13

1. Griffin ML, Hogan NL, Lambert EG, Tucker-Gail KA, Baker DN. Job involvement, job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment and the burnout of correctional staff. Crim Justice Behav 2010; 37(2):239-55. [Article]
2. Cherniss C. Staff burnout- job stress in the human services. 1st ed. California, United States: Sage Publications, Inc; 1980. [Book]
3. Roshanaei Gh, Khatiban M, Hosseini S, Bikmoradi A, Karampourian A. Job satisfaction level and its main determinants among Iranian emergency medical service personnel: A population-based survey. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2014; 11(4):1-8 [Article]
4. Maslach Ch, Jackson SE. The role of sex and family variables in burnout. Sex Roles 1985; 12(7-8):837-51. [Article]
5. Kokkinos CM. Job stressors, personality and burnout in primary school teachers. Br J Educ Psychol 2007; 77(Pt 1):229-43. [PubMed]
6. Çavus MF, Demir Y. The impacts of structural and psychological empowerment on burnout: a research on staff nurses in Turkish state hospitals. Canadian Social Science 2010; 6(4):63-72. [Article]
7. Amram JY. The contribution of emotional and spiritual intelligences to effective business leadership. [PhD thesis]. Palo Alto, California: Institute of Transpersonal Psychology; 2009. [Thesis]
8. Sotoodeh H, Shakerinia I, Kheyrati M, Dargahi Sh, Ghasemi Jobaneh R. Surveying the relationship between spiritual and moral intelligence and the psychological well-being of nurses. Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2016; 9(1):63-73. [Article]
9. Wolman RN. Thinking with your soul: spiritual intelligence and why it matters. 1st ed. New York City, United States: Harmony Books; 2001. [Book]
10. Saghravani S. The benefits of spiritual intelligence for the individual and organization. Tadbir 2010; 215:35-9.
11. Avey JB, Luthans F, Jensen SM. Psychological capital: a positive resource for combating employee stress and turnover. Hum Resour Manage 2009; 48(5):677-93. [Article]
12. Avey JB, Reichard RJ, Luthans F, Mhatre KH. Meta‐analysis of the impact of positive psychological capital on employee attitudes, behaviors, and performance. Human Resource Development Quarterly 2011; 22(2):127-52. [Article]
13. Luthans F, Avey J, Avolio B, Norman SM, Combs G. Psychological capital development: toward a micro‐intervention. J Organ Behav 2006; 27(3):387-93. [Article]
14. Luthans F, Avolio BJ, Avey JB, Norman SM. Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Pers Psychol 2007; 60(3):541-72. [Article]
15. Stewart M, Reid G, Mangham C. Fostering children's resilience. J Pediatr Nurs 1997; 12(1):21-31. [PubMed]
16. Zhao J, Zhang XCh. Work stress and job burnout: the moderating effects of psychological capital. Journal of Henan Normal University (Natural Science) 2010; 38(3):139-43. [Article]
17. Alipour A, Saffarinia M, Sarami Forushani GR, Agha Alikhani AM, Akhundi N. Evaluation of the effectiveness of psychological capital intervention of luthans on job burnout in the experts working in Iran Khodro Diesel company. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2013; 5(3):30-41. [Article]
18. Estiri M, Nargesian A, Dastpish F, Sharifi SM. The impact of psychological capital on mental health among Iranian nurses: considering the mediating role of job burnout. SpringerPlus 2016; 5(1):1377. [PMC]
19. Wachholtz A, Rogoff M. The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students. J Contemp Med Educ 2013; 1(2):83-91. [PMC]
20. Akbarizadeh F, Bagheri F, Hatami HR, Hajivandi A. Relationship between nurses’ spiritual intelligence with hardiness and general health. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (Behbood) 2012; 15(6):466-72. [Article]
21. Captari D. Investigating the correlation between burnout and spirituality among resident assitants at Liberty university [MSc thesis]. Lynchburg, Virginia, United States: Liberty University; 2010.
22. Yu X, Wang P, Zhai X, Dai H, Yang Q. The effect of work stress on job burnout among teachers: the mediating role of self-efficacy. Soc Indic Res 2015; 122(3):701-8. [Article]
23. Bagheri F, Akbarizadeh F, Hatami H. The relationship between spiritual intelligence and happiness on the nurse staffs of the Fatemeh Zahra hospital and Bentolhoda institute of Boushehr city. Iranian South Medical Journal 2011; 14(4):256-63. [Article]
24. Mueller RO. Basic principles of structural equation modeling: an introduction to LISREL and EQS. 1st ed. New York City, United States: Springer Publishing; 1996. [Book]
25. King DB, DeCicco TL. A viable model and self-report measure of spiritual intelligence. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 2009; 28(1):68-85. [Article]
26. Emami Z, Molavi H, Kalantary M. Path analysis of the effect of spiritual and moral intelligence on self-actualization and life satisfaction in the old aged in Isfahan. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2014; 15(2):4-13. [Article]
27. Taris TW, Schreurs PJG, Schaufeli WB. Construct validity of the maslach burnout inventory-general survey: a two-sample examination of its factor structure and correlates. Work Stress 1999; 13(3):223-37. [Article]
28. Talaei A, Mokhber N, Mohammad–Nejad M, Samari AA. Burnout and its related factors in staffs of university hospitals in Mashhad in 2006. Koomesh 2008; 9(3):237-46. [Article]
29. Bahadori Khosroshahi J, Hashemi Nosrat Abad T. The relationship between social anxiety, optimism and self-efficacy with psychological well-being in students. Urmia Medical Journal 2012; 23(2):115-22. [Article]
30. Dasht Bozorgi M, Dasht Bozorgi Z. The relationship between spiritual intelligence, coping strategies, and mental health among students. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies (IJHCS) 2016; March, Special Issue:636-46. [Article]
31. Mahmoud JS, Staten R, Hall LA, Lennie TA. The relationship among young adult college students’ depression, anxiety, stress, demographics, life satisfaction, and coping styles. Issues Ment Health Nurs 2012; 33(3):149-56. [PubMed]
32. Samouei R, Ghasemi F. Role of mindfulness training on psychological capital of Isfahan university of medical sciences students. International Journal of Educational and Psychological Researches 2015; 1(4):293-7. [Article]
33. Hodges TD. An experimental study of the impact of psychological capital on performance, engagement, and the contagion effect [PhD thesis]. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska; 2010. [Thesis]
34. 34.Avey JB, Reichard RJ, Luthans F, Mhatre KH. Meta‐analysis of the impact of positive psychological capital on employee attitudes, behaviors, and performance. Human Resource Development Quarterly 2011; 22(2):127-52. [Article]
35. Simons JC, Buitendach JH. Psychological capital, work engagement and organisational commitment amongst call centre employees in South Africa. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology 2013; 39(2):1-12. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb