Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2018)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2018, 7(2): 103-111 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousaeipour S, Ansari Jaberi A, Negahban Bonabi T. The association between health literacy and self-medication behaviors among women referred to comprehensive health care centers in Sirjan, Iran, in 2017. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2018; 7 (2) :103-111
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-299-en.html

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1- Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery; Student Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery; Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery; Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , negahbant@yahoo.com
Article history
Received: 2018/03/5
Accepted: 2018/04/21
ePublished: 2018/07/28
Subject: Epidemiology
Abstract:   (5007 Views)
Background: Self-medication is a challenging issue in health care systems and it seems that health literacy is a determining factor in safe self-medication behaviors. Limited studies are available in this field. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between health literacy and self-medicating behaviors among women referred to comprehensive health care centers
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 540 women, who were referred to comprehensive health care centers in 2017, were selected randomly and their health literacy and self-medicating behaviors were assessed through self-reporting method. The data collection tools were the standard Health Literacy for Iranian ‎Adults (HELIA), and the self-medication behaviors questionnaires‎. Data were analyzed using chi-square, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis H tests.
Results: The results showed that the majority of women (94.6%) had inadequate health literacy. More than 89% of them approved self-medication and more than 98% of them performed self-medication. Older women and those who had a higher education level had lower mean health literacy scores (P = 0.021 and P = 0.001, respectively). There was no significant relationship between self-medication and demographic characteristics. Furthermore, there was no significant relationship between health literacy and confirmation and performance of self-medication.
Conclusions: The women had low health literacy levels and high incorrect self-medication behaviors. Self-medication behaviors are performed independent of health literacy. It seems a reform in women's health programs and the empowerment of women in the target population is necessary in order to promote health literacy skills and appropriate self-medication behaviors. 
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