Volume 9, Issue 3 (Summer 2020)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2020, 9(3): 140-145 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Naghavi M, Khosropour F. The Association between Waterpipe Use and Resilience in University Students: A Study at Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2020; 9 (3) :140-145
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-397-en.html

Related article in
Google Scholar

1- PhD Student, Dept. of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Zarand, Kerman, Iran
2- Asistant Prof., Dept. of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Zarand, Kerman, Iran. , f.khosro49@yahoo.com
Article history
Received: 2020/08/1
Accepted: 2020/12/14
ePublished: 2021/02/8
Subject: Epidemiology
Abstract:   (1453 Views)
Introduction: It has been well documented that resilience is a protective factor against the abuse of a variety of drugs. To date, this factor has not been examined regarding waterpipe smoking. This study aims to investigate the predictive role of resilience in tobacco use among students of the University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a consecutive sample of college students (n = 820) at Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, 2019. To this end, the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) was used. The students entered the study using convenience sampling. Self-administered questionnaires were completed anonymously and confidentially in the classroom. Besides, multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between waterpipe smoking and resilience. In addition, SPSS version 24 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 22.2 (3.0) years. A total of 776 subjects were enrolled into the study, with 47.3% of whom having been female. Most of the students were single (84.4%). The prevalence of waterpipe use in the past 30 days was 33.4%. The initiation age of waterpipe smoking in 75.1% of the students was ≤ 18. Low resilience was (OR=7.10, CI: 4.75-10.62, p < 0.001) the strongest predictor of waterpipe smoking among students.
Conclusion: Given the importance of resilience in the field of tobacco use, this study suggests that resilience-building programs be included in university curricula especially at the time of university enrollment.
Full-Text [PDF 283 kb]   (524 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (447 Views)  

1. 1. Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projection of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med 2006; 3(11):e442. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. 2. Agaku IT, King BA, Dube SR, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Current cigarette smoking among adults - United States, 2005–2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2014; 63(2):29-34. [PMID] [PMCID]
3. 3. World Health Organization. Fact sheet: Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking & Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2015. [Article]
4. 4. Mojahed K, Navidian A. The effect of motivational interviewing on self-efficacy to quit hookah smoking in pregnant women. Hayat 2018; 24(1):84-96. [Article]
5. 5. Jawad M, Charide R, Waziry R, Darzi A, Ballout RA, Akl EA. The prevalence and trends of waterpipe tobacco smoking: A systematic review. PloS One 2018; 13(2):e0192191. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. 6. Eissenberg T, Shihadeh A. Waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking: direct comparison of toxicant exposure. Am J Prev Med 2009; 37(6):518-23. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. 7. Daher N, Saleh R, Jaroudi E, Sheheitli H, Badr T, Sepetdjian E, et al. Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking: Sidestream smoke measurements and assessment of second-hand smoke emission factors. Atmos Environ (1994) 2010; 44(1):8-14. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. 8. Akl EA, Gaddam S, Gunukula SK, Honeine R, Jaoude PA, Irani J. The effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking on health outcomes: a systematic review. Int J Epidemiol 2010; 39(3):834-57. [DOI] [PMID]
9. 9. Font-Mayolas S, Sullman MJM, Gras ME. Sex and Polytobacco Use among Spanish and Turkish University Students. Intl J Environ Res Public Health 2019; 16(24):5038. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. 10. Johnston LD, O'Malley PM, Miech RA, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use1975-2015: 2015 Overview Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use. Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States: Institute for Social Research, The university Michigan; 2016 Feb.104 p. Report No.: ED578539 [Report]
11. 11. Salloum RG, Lee J, Mostafa A, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Hamadeh RR, Darawad MW, et al. Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among University Students in Three Eastern Mediterranean Countries: Patterns, Place, and Price. Subst Use Misuse 2019; 54(14):2275-83. [DOI] [PMID]
12. 12. Maziak W, Taleb ZB, Bahelah R, Islam F, Jaber R, Auf R, et al. The global epidemiology of waterpipe smoking. Tob Control 2015; 24 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):i3-i12. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. 13. Leavens ELS, Brett EI, Morgan TL, Lopez SV, Shaikh RA, Leffingwell TR, et al. Descriptive and injunctive norms of waterpipe smoking among college students. Addict Behav 2018; 77:59-62. [DOI] [PMID]
14. 14. Danaei M, Jabbarinejad-Kermani A, Mohebbi E, Momeni M. Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking Prevalence and Associated Factors in the Southeast of Iran. Addiction & Health 2017; 9(2):72-80. [PMID] [PMCID]
15. 15. Rajabalipour M, Khoshab H, Baneshi MR, Nakhaee N, Sharifi H, Tavakoli F, et al. Using Social Cognitive Theory to Investigate the Risk Factors of Waterpipe Smoking among Southeastern Iranian Adolescents. International Journal of Pediatrics 2019; 7(10):10243-53. [DOI]
16. 16. Arshad A, Matharoo J, Arshad E, Sadhra SS, Norton-Wangford R, Jawad M. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions towards waterpipe tobacco smoking amongst college or university students: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 2019; 19(1):439. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. 17. Bashirian S, Barati M, Ahmadi F, Abasi H, Sharma M. Male students’ experiences on predictors of waterpipe smoking reduction: A qualitative study in Iran. Tob Prev Cessat 2019; 5:30. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. 18. Sabahy AR, Divsalar K, Bahreinifar S, Marzban M, Nakhaee N. Waterpipe tobacco use among Iranian university students: correlates and perceived reasons for use. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2011; 15(6):844-7. [DOI] [PMID]
19. 19. Primack BA, Land SR, Fan J, Kim KH, Rosen D. Associations of mental health problems with waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among college students. Subst Use Misuse 2013; 48(3):211-9. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. 20. Prochaska JJ, Das S, Young-Wolff KC. Smoking, Mental Illness, and Public Health. Annu Rev Public Health 2017; 38:165-85. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. 21. Hu T, Zhang D, Wang J. A meta-analysis of the trait resilience and mental health. Pers Individ Dif 2015; 76:18–27. [DOI]
22. 22. American Psychological Association. The Road to Resilience. Washington, D.C., United States: American Psychological Association; 2014. [Report]
23. 23. Johnson N, Dinsmore JA, Hof DD. The relationship between College Students’ Resilience Level and Type of Alcohol Use. International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach, 2011; 8:67-82. [Article]
24. 24. Goldstein AL, Faulkner B, Wekerle C. The relationship among internal resilience, smoking, alcohol use, and depression symptoms in emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare. Child Abuse Negl 2013; 37(1):22-32. [DOI] [PMID]
25. 25. Long EC, Lönn SL, Ji J, Lichtenstein P, Sundquist J, Sundquist K, et al. Resilience and Risk for Alcohol Use Disorders: A Swedish Twin Study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2017; 41(1):149-55. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. 26. Veselska Z, Geckova AM, Orosova O, Gajdosova B, van Dijk JP, Reijneveld SA. Self-esteem and resilience: the connection with risky behavior among adolescents. Addict Behav 2009; 34(3):287-91. [DOI] [PMID]
27. 27. van Smeden M, Moons KG, de Groot JA, Collins GS, Altman DG, Eijkemans MJ, et al. Sample size for binary logistic prediction models: Beyond events per variable criteria. Stat Methods Med Res 2019; 28(8):2455-74. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. 28. Wagnild GM. The Resilience Scale User's Guide: For the US English version of the Resilience Scale and the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14). Stockholm, Sweden: The Resilience Center; 2011. [Article]
29. 29. Nourian M, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Nourozi K, Rassouli M, Biglarrian A. Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Wagnild and Young’s Resilience Scale in Institutionalized Adolescents. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology 2015; 21(3):262-73.
30. 30. Nichter M, Nichter M, Carkoglu A; Tobacco Etiology Research Network. Reconsidering stress and smoking: a qualitative study among college students. Tob Control 2007; 16(3):211-4. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. 31. Wingo AP, Ressler KJ, Bradley B. Resilience characteristics mitigate tendency for harmful alcohol and illicit drug use in adults with a history of childhood abuse: a cross-sectional study of 2024 inner-city men and women. J Psychiatr Res 2014; 51:93-9. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. 32. Tsourtos G, Ward PR, Miller ER, Hill K, Barton C, Wilson CJ, et al. Does Resilience Moderate the Relationship Between Stress and Smoking Status? Subst Use Misuse 2019; 54(3):412-25. [DOI] [PMID]
33. 33. Khodaverdi AA. Comparison of Resilience, Self-Efficacy, Hope and Optimism in Substance-Dependent Individuals and Normal Subjects. Social Health and Addiction 2019; 5(20):63-78. [Article]
34. 34. Parsafar S, Yazdkhasti F. Investigating the causal relationship between gender roles, resilience, psychological hardiness, learned helplessness and codependency of addicts’ wives. Quarterly Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological 2015; 12(4):69-92. [Article]
35. 35. Rostami C, Akbari M. The Relationship between the Big Five Personality Factor and Resilience with Addition Potential among Student. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2015; 2(3):53-66. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb