Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2020)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2020, 9(4): 239-247 | Back to browse issues page

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Awotidebe T O, Oyeyemi A L, Ijadunola M Y, Olatoye F S, Adejumobi A S, Akinogbe F T, et al . Occupational Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life among Nigerian Vocational-Skilled Workers. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2020; 9 (4) :239-247
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1- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria. , tawotidebe@cartafrica.org
2- Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
3- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria.
4- Master of Science in Occupational Therapy, Dept. of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria.
5- Master in Public Health, Dept. of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria.
6- Master of Science in Physiotherapy, Dept. of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria.
7- Professor, Dept. of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Nigeria.
Article history
Received: 2020/12/14
Accepted: 2021/03/8
ePublished: 2021/06/21
Abstract:   (1188 Views)

Background: Occupational physical activity (OPA) is prevalent in the general population. However, its influence on the health status of manual workers is unclear. This study examined the impact of OPA on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of vocational-skilled workers (VSWs) in Nigeria. 
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 354 male VSWs from six cities in Osun State, Nigeria. VSWs were selected using a multistage sampling method. OPA level and HRQoL were assessed using items from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form and the Short Form (SF-36) Health Status Questionnaire, respectively. High OPA was defined as >3000 MET-min/week. Data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistics.   
Results: Participants’ mean age was 38.3±9.6 years, and 68.4% of the participants reported high OPA. As regards HRQoL, higher scores in physical functioning (PF) and physical composite summary (PCS) were found among the participants with high OPA. Amongst those with moderate OPA, higher scores were found in social functioning, mental health (MeH), and mental composite summary (MCS). Significant differences were found in role limitation due to physical health problems (t=0.55; p=0.002), bodily pain (BoP) (t=0.51; p=0.021), PCS (t=0.46; p=0.014), and MeH (t=0.27; p=0.026).  Additionally, VSWs with high OPA were less likely to have problems with BoP (OR=0.70, CI=0.52–0.95) and MCS (OR=0.53, CI=0.35–0.78), but were twice more likely to have good PCS (OR=2.25, CI=1.21–4.18).         
Conclusions: The OPA level of Nigerian VSWs was high with significant impact on the HRQoL. Interventions focusing on promoting OPA to improve HRQoL are recommended.  

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