Volume 10, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   JOHE 2021, 10(2): 93-98 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mazar L, Nasirzadeh M, Salim Abadi Y. Knowledge, Attitude, and Perceived Threat of Butchers in Rafsanjan City concerning Brucellosis in 2020-2021. JOHE. 2021; 10 (2) :93-98
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-430-en.html
1- MSc Student, Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof, Dept. of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Occupational Health and Safety Research Center, NICICO, World Safety Organization and Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3- Assistant Prof, Dept. of Health Services and Health Promotion, School of Health, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , yasernls@gmail.com
Abstract:   (548 Views)

Background: Brucellosis or Malta fever is a common disease between humans and animals mostly affecting livestock farmers, butchers, and veterinarians. The present study aimed to determine knowledge, attitude, and perceived threat of butchers in Rafsanjan city regarding Brucellosis in 2020-2021.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive correlational study was carried out on all butchers in Rafsanjan in 2020-2021using the census method. The data were collected through a questionnaire (demographic, knowledge, attitude, and perceived threat). SPSS (version 20) was used to analyze the data using one-way ANOVA, Independent t-test, and Pearson Correlation at a significance level of less than 0.05.
Results: The mean age of 130 participants in the present study was 39.68 ± 11.23 years. The mean score of butchers' knowledge, attitude, and perceived threat were 70.07, 78, and 78.33 out of 100, respectively. A positive and significant correlation of butchers' knowledge was observed with their attitude (p <0.001( and perceived threat (p <0.001 (. Further, there was a significant correlation between perceived threat and work experience (p = 0.007(.
Conclusion: Although the knowledge, attitude, and perceived threat of the butchers about Brucellosis was at a favorable level, it is better to design, implement, and evaluate training and retraining programs to teach more about the disease and prevent Brucellosis among at-risk individuals, especially butchers.

Full-Text [PDF 296 kb]   (235 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (102 Views)  
Short Report: Original Article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2021/05/10 | Accepted: 2021/06/21 | ePublished: 2021/10/30

1. Dehnavi S, Sohrabi N, Zarei S, Afshari Safavi A, Afrasiabi B, Salimi K. Demographic characteristics, clinical signs and laboratory findings in Brucellosis hospitalized patients in Kermanshah. Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences 2015; 3(4):e82123. [Article]
2. Hajari A, Shams M, Afroghi S, Fadaei R, Abaspoor Najafabadi.R. Brucellosis in Tiran & Karvan: Study of the Disease in the Recent 10- Year Period (2004-2013). Military Caring Sciences Journal 2016; 3(2):100-6. [DOI]
3. Azizi A, Shams M, Seidkhani A, Hosseinzadeh M, Jalilian M, Havasi S. Evaluation of Health Education Program on Knowledge, Attitude, and Preventive Behaviors of Brucellosis among Villagers in Holilan, Iran. Scientific Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences2020; 28(4):47-53. [DOI]
4. Zhang N, Zhou H, Huang DS, Guan P. Brucellosis awareness and knowledge in communities worldwide: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 79 observational studies. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019; 13(5): e0007366. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Mufinda FC, Boinas F, Nunes C. Prevalence and factors associated with human brucellosis in livestock professionals. Rev Saude Publica 2017; 51:57. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Azizi Mayvan F, Hashtarkhani S, Latifi M, Darrudi R, Hoseini B. Geographic disparities of brucellosis distribution in Neyshabur between 2014 and 2016: a cross-sectional study based on geographical information systems. Journal of Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences 2019; 7(4):53-64. [Article]
7. Farzadmehr MR, Ghorbani M, Sadeghi M, Mosavi Bazzaz SM. The Effect of Education based on the Health Belief Model in Reducing the Risk Factors of the Brucellosis in Torbat Haydariyeh. Journal of Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences 2019; 6(4):47-56. [Article]
8. Eskandari Z, Bashirian S, Barati M, Soltanian AR, Hazavehei SMM. The Effect of Educational Program Based on the Health Belief Model on Brucellosis Preventive Behaviors among Traditional Ranchers in Rural Areas of Hamadan Province. Journal of Education and Community Health 2017; 3(4):16-23. [DOI]
9. Golshani M, Buozari S. A Review of Brucellosis in Iran: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Control, and Prevention. Iran Biomed J 2017; 21(6):349-59. [DOI] [PubMed] [PMCID]
10. Amani H, Shams H, Matlabi M, Erfanpour S, Kamel Khodabandeh A. The Effect of Education Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on Expression of Preventive Behaviors Concerned with Brucellosis in Farmers. Journal of Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences 2020; 8(1):24-35. [Article]
11. Hashtarkhani S, Akbari M, Jarahi L, Etminani K. Epidemiological characteristics and trend of incidence of human brucellosis in Razavi Khorasan province. Medical Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences 2016; 58(9):531-8. [DOI]
12. Shahnavazi M, Masoudi G, Ansari-Moghadam A, Raeisy D, Khashei Varnamkhasti F. Preventive Behaviors of Brucellosis in Khash City Ranchers Based on Health Belief Model. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion 2017; 4(4):281-8. [DOI]
13. Rezaii H, Niknami S, Tavvafian SS, Karami Matin B. The effect of a designed educational program regarding brucellosis prevention on knowledge, attitude and preventive behaviors of rural females of Kermanshah, Iran. Payesh 2014; 13(1):91-9. [DOI]
14. Aminshokravi F, Khanian HR, Hashemian AH. Effect of training on preventive behavior of brucellosis. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion 2013; 1(3):15-22. [Article]
15. Asadpour M, Darehkordi M, Abdollahi SH, Salim Abadi Y. Knowledge, attitude and practice of butchers about Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Rafsanjan City in 2019. Journal of Jiroft University of Medical Sciences 2020; 7(3):440-9. [Article]
16. Ramezankhani A, Jahani H, Hatami H, Sharifzadeh GH, Hosseini SH. Determining the effect of intervention on the adoption of preventive behaviours of the brucellosis was based on the health belief model. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences 2016; 8(1):33-45. [DOI]
17. Naveen Prabhakar Z, Lokesh M, Saidaiah M, Sri Sai E. Awareness Regarding Zoonotic Diseases among the Butchers of Proddatur, Kadapa Dist. AP, India. Iranian Journal of Health Safety and Environment 2017; 4(2):729-37. [Article]
18. Gorouhi MA, Ismaeil A, Afshar AA, Gohari, MA. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards crimean congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF): A survey among butchers community in Kerman City. Journal of Entomological Research 2020; 44(3):495-500. [DOI]
19. Musallam II, Abo-Shehada MN, Guitian J. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Associated with Brucellosis in Livestock Owners in Jordan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015; 93(6):1148-55. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Singh AS, Jindal P. Awareness and practices among butchers of unorganized slaughter houses of Punjab regarding Zoonotic diseases. Res Environ Life Sci 2017; 10(10):824-7.
21. Cloete A, Gerstenberg C, Mayet N, Tempia S. Brucellosis knowledge, attitudes and practices of a South African communal cattle keeper group. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 2019; 86(1):e1-e10. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Hussain S, Hussain A, Zia UuR, Naqvi SMR, Zahoor MY, Bilal M, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with brucellosis among livestock owners and its public health impact in Punjab, Pakistan. Biologia 2021. doi:10.1007/s11756-021-00765-2 [DOI]
23. Alizadeh-Siuki H, Tehrani H, Gholian-Aval M, Ebrahimipour H, Vahedian-Shahroodi M. Behavioral determinants of brucellosis incidence among stockbreeders and their family members in rural area based on PRECEDE model. J Edu Health Promot 2020; 9:166. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Babaei V, Babazadeh T, Kiani A, Garmaroodi G, Batebi A. The Role of Effective Factors in Preventive Behaviors of Brucellosis in Stockbreeder of Charaoymaq County: A Health Belief Model. Journal of Advanced Biomedical Sciences 2016; 5(4):470-8. [Article]
25. Alemayehu G, Mamo G, Desta H, Alemu B, Wieland B. Knowledge, attitude, and practices to zoonotic disease risks from livestock birth products among smallholder communities in Ethiopia. One Health 2021; 12:100223. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health Behavior: Theory, Research, and Practice (Jossey-Bass Public Health). 5th ed. New York City, United States: Jossey-Bass; 2015.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb