Volume 10, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2021, 10(3): 204-208 | Back to browse issues page

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Sarani M, Honarvar M, Sahebi A, Safi-Keykaleh M, Nateghinia S, Jahangiri K. Challenges Facing the Health System in Responding to Mining Accidents: The Case of the Zemestan-Yurt Mine Explosion in Iran (2017). J Occup Health Epidemiol 2021; 10 (3) :204-208
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-454-en.html

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1- PhD Candidate in Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Dept. of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
3- PhD in Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
4- Assistant Prof., Nahavand School of Allied Medical Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran.
5- PhD in Industrial Management, Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6- Professor, Dept. of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , k.jahangiri@sbmu.ac.ir
Article history
Received: 2021/08/11
Accepted: 2021/11/3
ePublished: 2021/12/1
Abstract:   (1513 Views)

Background: Occupational accidents cause death and disabilities among millions of workers around the world. The mining industry is among the riskiest occupations in this respect. This study aims to investigate interventions made and challenges faced by the health system in response to the Zemestan-Yurt Mine explosion in the Golestan Province, Iran, 2017.
Materials and Methods: In this article, being a field report, data were collected through direct observations and interviews with first responders involved in the response process, and by checking national and local reports from other organizations.
Result: On Wednesday, May 4, 2017, at 11:58 AM, an explosion occurred in the Yurt coal mine, Golestan Province, in which 126 people were affected directly or indirectly. In fact, 43 workers were killed immediately after the explosion of a coal wagon, 55 were dispatched to hospitals, and 28 received outpatient health services. In this incident, more than 100 teams from various organizations, including the health system, arrived at the scene and carried out relief and rescue operations.
Conclusions: The results of the current study indicate that the health system does not have specific instructions, training plans, as well as well-trained and prepared personnel for managing mine-related accidents. Besides, interactions are not integrated and coordinated among disaster management response teams. Therefore, developing preparedness instructions for responding to disasters, forming rapid response teams and training them for industrial accidents, as well as performing joint exercises and drills with responsible organizations can be effective in improving responses to such accidents.

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