Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring 2022)                   JOHE 2022, 11(2): 106-113 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadi Asour A, Mehri F, Fasih-Ramandi F, Karimi A. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Iranian Truck Drivers and Its Association with Road Accidents. JOHE. 2022; 11 (2) :106-113
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-479-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Master of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Associate Prof., Dept. of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , alikarimi57@gmail.com
Abstract:   (215 Views)
Background: The association between the occurrence of road accidents and WMSD is a topic that has attracted much attention in the transportation industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in professional truck drivers and their impact on the occurrence of road accidents.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 200 professional truck drivers were selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method from occupational medicine centers in Tehran province, Iran in 2017. The data were collected from the two groups of with and without accident. The three-part questionnaire on ergonomics and safety of drivers was used, which included items asking about demographic characteristics, stress, job satisfaction, details of accidents, and the severity of musculoskeletal disorders in nine areas of the body. The central indices and non-parametric statistical tests (Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman) were applied to analyze the data using spss Ver 24.
Results: The highest frequency of pain was observed in drivers without and with accidents in the back, knees, and shoulders, respectively; however, the most severe pain was reported for the low back and neck. Drivers between 45 and 60 years old reported the highest number of accidents. The association correlation between the number of road accidents and stress score among drivers with accident experience was negatively significant (P > 0.05). However, the association between musculoskeletal disorders and accidents was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Factors other than musculoskeletal disorders were involved in road accidents that require more investigations.
 
Article number: 3
Keywords: Truck [MeSH], Accidents [MeSH], Back Pain [MeSH]
Full-Text [PDF 356 kb]   (55 Downloads)    
Short Report: Original Article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2021/10/8 | Accepted: 2022/07/13 | ePublished: 2022/08/22

References
1. Mohammad Rahimi N, Rahnama N, Mohammad Rahimi GR. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders during and after Driving among Suburban Truck Trailer Drivers in Taybad, Iran, in 2016. J Health Res Commun. 2017;3(2):55-66. [Article]
2. Joseph L, Standen M, Paungmali A, Kuisma R, Sitilertpisan P, Pirunsan U. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among professional drivers: A systematic review. J Occup Health. 2020;62(1):e12150. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Tamrin SBM, Yokoyama K, Aziz N, Maeda S. Association of Risk Factors with Musculoskeletal Disorders among Male Commercial Bus Drivers in Malaysia. Hum Factor Ergon Man. 2014;24(4):369-85. [DOI]
4. Aminian O, Jamshidi Z, Seifmanesh S, Mehrdad R, Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K, Sekhavati E. Musculoskeletal disorders among Truck and taxi drivers: A retrospective study. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2016;5(9S):309-15.
5. Akbari ME, Naghavi M, Soori H. Epidemiology of deaths from injuries in the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Meditrr Health J. 2006;12(3-4):382-90. [PMID]
6. Hamidun R, Wah Hoong AP, Roslan A, Shabadin A, Jamil H. Characteristics of heavy goods vehicles (HGV) accidents in Malaysia. In: IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng, Vol 512. Proceedings of the 10th Malaysian Road Conference & Exhibition 2018 29–31 Oct; Selangor, Malaysia. England: IOP Pub; 2019. [DOI]
7. Hashemi Nazari SS, Ahanchi N, Hasani J, Shojaei A. An epidemiology study of fatal road traffic accidents in Isfahan province in 2011. Teb Tazkiyeh. 2017;25(4):233-46.
8. Gumasing MJJ, Pacheco MEG. Predictive Model on the Severity of Musculoskeletal Disorder and Accidents of Truck Drivers in the Philippines. Paper presented at: The 2nd European Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (IEOM); 2018 July 26-27; Paris, France.
9. Katila A, Keskinen E . Road Accidents in Finland. J Int Assoc Traffic Saf Sci. 2003;27(1):88-90. [Article]
10. Khademi F. The study of the most important factors affecting road accidents. Paper presented at: The 7th National Congress of Civil Engineering, Shahid Nikbakht School of Engineering, University of Sistan & Baluchestan; 2013 May 7-8; Zahedan, Iran.
11. Kheirabadi G, Bolhari J. Role of human factors in road accidents. J Res Behav Sci. 2013;10(1):69-78.
12. Madadiyan K, Soofi S. Predicting Driving Risky Behaviors Based on Driving Risk Perception and Irrational Beliefs of Public Vehicles Drivers. Rahvar Sci Q. 2019;7(27):165-92.
13. Motevalian SA, Jahani MR, Manhmoudi M. Driving Under Influence of Opiates in Heavy Vehicle Drivers of Iran in 2001. Hakim Health Sys Res. 2004;7(1):1-8.
14. Häkkänen H, Summala H. Fatal traffic accidents among trailer truck drivers and accident causes as viewed by other truck drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 2001;33(2):187-96. [DOI] [PMID]
15. Borg E, Kaijser L. A comparison between three rating scales for perceived exertion and two different work tests. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2006;16(1):57-69. [DOI] [PMID]
16. Tebyetekerwa M. Akankwasa NT, Marriam I. The Current Working Conditions in Ugandan Apparel Assembly Plants. Saf Health Work. 2017;8(4):378-85. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Useche SA, Gómez V, Cendales B, Alonso F. Working Conditions, Job Strain, and Traffic Safety among Three Groups of Public Transport Drivers. Saf Health Work. 2018;9(4):454-61. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Etemadinezhad S, YazdaniCharati J, Khoshandam Sarvinebaghi F. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Suburban Drivers in Mazandaran Province, Iran. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2018;27(157):105-17. [Article]
19. Abedi KA, Darvishi E, Karimi S, Ebrahimi H, Charkhandaz Yeganeh R, Salimi S. Risk Factor of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Bus and Truck Drivers. Arch Occup Health. 2017;1(1):23-8. [Article]
20. Azar Gashsb E. Research Methods in Medical Sciences. 1st ed. Tehran: Jahan Adib Publishers; 2015.
21. Abedi K, Zare M, Barkhordari A, Halvani GH. The investigation of Job stress and jab satisfaction among workers and its relation to individual factors and non-fatal injuries. Pars J Med Sci. 2009;7(3):10-20. [DOI]
22. Jahangiri M, Karimi A, Eslamizad S. Influence of Blood Biochemistry, Auditory and Musculoskeletal Well-being of Professional Drivers on Road Accidents. Juniper Online J Public Health. 2017;1(5): 555572. [DOI]
23. Finn P, Bragg BW. Perception of the risk of an accident by young and older drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 1986;18(4):289-98. [DOI] [PMID]
24. Tucker P. The impact of rest breaks upon accident risk, fatigue and performance: A review. Work Stress. 2003;17(2):123-37. [DOI]
25. Hege A, Perko M, Johnson A, Yu CH, Sonmez S, Apostolopoulos Y. Surveying the Impact of Work Hours and Schedules on Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Sleep. Saf Health Work. 2015;6(2):104-13. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Guglielmi O, Magnavita N, Garbarino S. Sleep quality, obstructive sleep apnea, and psychological distress in truck drivers: a cross-sectional study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2018;53(5):531-6. [DOI] [PMID]
27. Saccomanno FF, Yu M, Shortreed JH. Effect of driver fatigue on truck accident rates. Trans Built Environ. 1995;16:439-46.
28. Zaranka J, Pečeliūnas R, Žuraulis V. A Road Safety-Based Selection Methodology for Professional Drivers: Behaviour and Accident Rate Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(23):12487. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb