Volume 12, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2023, 12(4): 271-277 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.AJAUMS.REC.1400.115

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zareian A, Jahandari P, Rahnejat A M, Abbasian K, Ahmadinia H. The Comparison of Mental Health, Personality Traits, and Psychological Empowerment in the Two Groups of Newly Arrived and Discharged Soldiers. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2023; 12 (4) :271-277
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-780-en.html

Related article in
Google Scholar

1- Associate Prof., Dept. of Health in Disaster & Emergencies, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- M.Sc. in Psychology, Military Medicine Science and Technology Research Center, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Assistant Prof., School of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Occupational Environment Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , h.ahmadinia@gmail.com
Article history
Received: 2023/08/27
Accepted: 2023/09/20
ePublished: 2023/12/15
Abstract:   (213 Views)
Background: Paying attention to psychological issues and characteristics of military service is one of the points that must be assessed by senior planners and commanders.
 Materials and Methods: In the present descriptive correlational study, 604 soldiers serving in the barracks of Kerman province in 2021 were studied. Cluster sampling was used to select the statistical sample from the two barracks of Martyr Ashraf Ganjavii and Martyr Bahonar of the police force. Three characteristics of Mental Health, Personality Traits and Psychological Empowerment were compared in two groups of newly arrived and discharged soldiers.
Results: Two hundred fifty-seven people (42.5%) were in the group of newly arrived soldiers, and 347 people (57.5%) were in the other group. The average scores of the discharged group in all aspects of mental health were lower than those of the newly arrived group (p<0.05). The average scores of two dimensions of neuroticism and extraversion in the discharged group was significantly higher than that of the newly arrived group (p<0.05). Also the two groups had a significant difference in competence score (p=0.048).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, military service has had a negative effect on the mental health of soldiers. Nonetheless, it cannot be alleged that military service had a significant effect on the psychological empowerment of soldiers. Consequently, it seems obligatory to use psychological and clinical consultants and doctors for appropriate interventions to increase mental health, such as education, counseling, and psychotherapy. 
Full-Text [PDF 302 kb]   (47 Downloads)    

1. Eisenstadt M. The armed forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran: An assessment. Middle East Rew Int Aff. 2001;5(1):231-57. [Article]
2. Prykhodko I, Matsegora Y, Kolesnichenko O, Pasichnik V, Kuruch O, Yurieva N, et al. Psychological Markers of Suicides in Military Service During Wartime: A Contemporary Example. Int J Psychol Psychol Ther. 2021;21(1):47-57. [Article]
3. Hosseini-Shokouh SJ, Dabaghi P, Rahimi S. Life Lessons in Military Services: Investigating the Influence of a Training Program on the Military Personnel's Life Skills Development. Postmod Open. 2018;9(2):254-68. [DOI]
4. Cohen EA. Citizens and soldiers: The dilemmas of military service. Ithaca, New York, United States: Cornell University Press;2019. [DOI]
5. Kelty R, Kleykamp M, Segal DR. The military and the transition to adulthood. Future Child. 2010;20(1):181-207. [DOI] [PMID]
6. Kohsarian H. Pathology of conscription in promoting the social cohesion of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Mil Sci Tactics. 2020;16(53):79-95. [DOI]
7. Shah TA, Nisar M, Zolin R, Shah SZA. Psychological empowerment and employee attitudinal outcomes: The pivotal role of psychological capital. Manag Res Rev. 2019;42(7):797-817. [Article] [DOI]
8. Bleidorn W, Hill PL, Back MD, Denissen JJA, Hennecke M, Hopwood CJ, et al. The policy relevance of personality traits. Am Psychol. 2019;74(9):1056-67. [DOI] [PMID]
9. Miles MR, Haider-Markel DP. Personality and genetic associations with military service. Armed Forces Soc. 2019;45(4):637-58. [DOI]
10. Bucher MA, Suzuki T, Samuel DB. A meta-analytic review of personality traits and their associations with mental health treatment outcomes. Clin Psychol Rev. 2019;70:51-63. [DOI] [PMID]
11. Llewellyn-Beardsley J, Rennick-Egglestone S, Callard F, Crawford P, Farkas M, Hui A, et al. Characteristics of mental health recovery narratives: systematic review and narrative synthesis. PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0214678. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Williamson V, Diehle J, Dunn R, Jones N, Greenberg N. The impact of military service on health and well-being. Occup Med (Lond). 2019;69(1):64-70. [DOI] [PMID]
13. Shadmand Foumani Moghadam MR. Obligatory military service in Iran: 21st-century slavery that harms the health of soldiers and society. Authorea Prepr. 2022. [DOI]
14. Wilmoth JM, London AS, Parker WM. Military service and men's health trajectories in later life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2010;65(6):744-55. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Nematshahi M, Parsaeimehr Z, Roshanzadeh M, Jamalinik M, Hasheminik M, Tajabadi A. Mental health status and its influencing factors in Iranian soldiers: Systematic review. J Mil Med. 2020;22(9):885-95. [DOI]
16. Spritzer GM. Psychological empowerment in work place, dimensions, measurement and validation. Acad Manag J. 1995;38(5):1442-65. [Article]
17. Gholami H, Hashemi S, Mokhtari Nouri J. Assessing the psychological empowerment of managers and their dimensions in an elected military organization. J Mil Med. 2021;23(4):283-90. [DOI]
18. Javed B, Abdullah I, Zaffar MA, Haque A ul, Rubab U. Inclusive leadership and innovative work behavior: The role of psychological empowerment. J Manag Organ. 2019;25(4):554-71. [DOI]
19. Goldberg D, Williams P. General health questionnaire (GHQ). Swindon, Wiltshire, UK: nferNelson; 2000.
20. Zare N, Parvareh M, Noori B, Namdari M. Mental health status of Iranian university students using the GHQ-28: a meta-analysis. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2016;21(4):1-16. [Article]
21. Tavousi M, Haeri Mehrizi AA, Hashemi A, Naghizadeh F, Ali Montazeri A. Mental health in Iran: A nationwide cross sectional study. Payesh. 2016;15(3):233-9. [Article]
22. Yaghubi N, Nasr M, Shahmohammadi D. Epidemiology of mental disorders in urabn and rural areas of Sowmaesara-Gillan. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 1995;1(4):55-60.
23. Anisi J. Validity and reliability of NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) on university students. Int J Behav Sci. 2012;5(4):351-5. [Article]
24. McCrae RR, Costa PT Jr. Personality trait structure as a human universal. Am Psychol. 1997;52(5):509-16. [DOI] [PMID]
25. Chalabianlou GR, Garoosi Farshi MT. Relation of NEO-PI-R personality inventory and SCL-90-R: Ability of NEO inventory in mental health evaluation. Int J Behav Sci. 2010;4(1):51-8. [Article]
26. Moradi M, Jalilian H. The Effect of Psychological Empowerment on Organizational Performance; The Mediating Role of Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment. Superv Inspec. 2015;9(31):73-98. [Article]
27. Daneshfard K, Zakeri M. Study of the effect of military training courses on psychological empowerment of the soldiers affiliated to the ground force of the Iranian Army. 2012;12(45):43-62. [Article]
28. Rawat PS. Effect of psychological empowerment on commitment of employees: An empirical study. In: 2nd International conference on humanities, historical and social sciences; 2011. (Vol 17 No 3; P.143-7).
29. Kotze E, Mthembu O, Khashane E. Psychological empowerment in the military: the role of gender and race. J Public Adm. 2007;42(8):798-815.
30. Maleki B, Sanei S, Borhani H, Ghavami A. The effect of military training on personality traits in military students. J Mil Med. 2012;13(4):195-200. [Article]
31. Jalilian F, Karami Matin B, Ahmadpanah M, Ataee M, Mirzaei Alavijeh M, Eslami AA, et al. The personality factors predictors in substance abuse among Iranian college students. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2017;6(1):e27551. [DOI:10.5812/ijhrba.27551]
32. Meng KS, Leung L. Factors influencing TikTok engagement behaviors in China: An examination of gratifications sought, narcissism, and the Big Five personality traits. Telecomm Policy. 2021;45(7):102172. [DOI]
33. Yung AR, McGorry PD, McFarlane CA, Jackson HJ, Patton GC, Rakkar A. Monitoring and care of young people at incipient risk of psychosis. Schizophr Bull. 1996;22(2):283-303. [DOI] [PMID]
34. Yaghoubi Jami P, Mansouri B, Thoma SJ, Han H. An investigation of the divergences and convergences of trait empathy across two cultures. J Moral Educ. 2019;48(2):214-29. [DOI]
35. Beheshti E, Zarqam Hajabi M. The Relationship between resiliency and practice of religious beliefs with anxiety and depression among soldiers. J Mil Med. 2018;20(3):333-41. [Article]
36. Nouri R, Fathi-Ashtiani A, Salimi SH, Soltani Nejad A. Effective factors of suicide in soldiers of a military force. J Mil Med. 2012;14(2):99-103. [Article]
37. van der Maas M, Nower L. Gambling and military service: Characteristics, comorbidity, and problem severity in an epidemiological sample. Addict Behav. 2021;114:106725. [DOI] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb