Volume 4, Issue 4 (Autumn 2015)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2015, 4(4): 260-265 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorashi Z. Sexually transmitted infections in Iran: A literature review. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2015; 4 (4) :260-265
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-164-en.html

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Dept. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , zghorashi@yahoo.com
Article history
Received: 2016/04/15
Accepted: 2016/10/25
ePublished: 2017/03/13
Abstract:   (6133 Views)

Background: The global burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is noticeable and important. However, most STIs are curable and all of them are preventable. In this article, we reviewed and evaluated STI prevalence, current services, existing programs, and the challenges of control and management them in Iran.

Materials and Methods: The author searched literature published from 2005 to 2015 in PubMed, MEDLINE, Google, Embase, and Cochran library databases, and by UNAIDS, , the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Health Ministry of Iran. A variety of Medical Subject Headings ‎(MeSH) terms were used to access the literature.

Results: The present review revealed that the prevalence of contamination with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Iran has decreased dramatically in recent years. The prevalence of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis in the Iranian population did not exceed the estimated prevalence of these infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Although the condition of HIV epidemy is concentrated in Iran, its prevalence in the general population, based on literature, is extremely low. Centers of behavioral disease counseling, women centers, and positive clubs are three available centers in Iran helping in STI/AIDS prevalence reduction. The changing trend of HIV transmission pattern and lack of youth friendly services are the two main challenges of STI/AIDS prevention in Iran.

Conclusions: The overall prevalence of STIs and HIV/AIDS is low in Iran. However, neglecting youth sexual activity and premarital sexual relationships could result in the failure of the STIs and HIV/AIDS prevention programs.

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