Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2021)                   JOHE 2021, 10(1): 12-16 | Back to browse issues page


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Kafi M, Karimifard M, Amiorroaya S. Diabetic Ketoacidosis and COVID-19: Two Case Reports. JOHE. 2021; 10 (1) :12-16
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-415-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , karimifardmaryam6@gmail.com
3- Associate Prof., Dept. of Engineering and Mathematics, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK.
Abstract:   (428 Views)

Background: COVID-19 is a viral infection that causes pneumonia with dyspnea, cough, and fever. Its outcomes are more severe in patients with diabetes, hypertension, and other disorders than in healthy people. New-onset diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) have been reported as the complications of COVID-19 in several studies. It seems that the prevalence of DKA due to Covid-19 is increasing. Therefore, two cases of individuals with DKA due to COVID-19 are presented in this study to inform other researchers about the details of this phenomenon.
Material and Methods: Demographic characteristics, medical histories, physical examinations, laboratory investigations, real-time RT-PCR tests, computed tomography (CT) imaging studies, given treatments, clinical courses, and management outcomes were documented prospectively.
Results: In the present experience, the manifestation of COVID-19 disease in the second case with a history of diabetes was more severe than in the first case. In the second case, with underlying diabetes and COVID-19, the DKA manifestation was associated with consciousness loss, severe restlessness, and respiratory distress; however, in the first case, with COVID-19 without diabetes, the DKA manifestation was associated with anorexia, weight loss, and lack of respiratory distress, which were milder symptoms than the second case.
Conclusion: Due to the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 in Iran, it is recommended to raise awareness of DKA symptoms among health professionals.

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Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2020/12/14 | Accepted: 2021/03/2 | ePublished: 2021/06/21

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