Volume 12, Issue 3 (Summer 2023)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2023, 12(3): 187-193 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: 2078/079-88

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karki R, Tamang S, Kaphle M, Kumar Shah S. Occupational Stress and its Associated Factors among the School Teachers Working in Schools in Lamjung District, Nepal. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2023; 12 (3) :187-193
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-682-en.html

Related article in
Google Scholar

1- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Public Health, Yeti Health Science Academy, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal. , karkirajesh2022@gmail.com
2- B.Sc. in Nursing, Registered Nurse, Yeti Health Science Academy, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.
3- Associate Prof., Dept. of Public Health, People's Dental College and Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
4- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Public Health, Yeti Health Science Academy, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Article history
Received: 2023/01/24
Accepted: 2023/08/7
ePublished: 2023/09/28
Abstract:   (304 Views)
Background: The World Health Organization characterizes workplace stress as a "global epidemic" due to its pervasive influence on various facets of daily life. Occupational stress among educators is on the rise in both developed and developing nations, with estimates suggesting that at least one-third of teachers experience high levels of stress and burnout. The main objective of this study was to determine occupational stress and associated factors among teachers in selected schools. 
Material and Methods: In 2022, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Lamjung District, Nepal, involving nine secondary-level schools from Besishahar Municipality and Marshyangdi Rural Municipality. Data collection occurred from February 13 to February 26, with participation from 193 school teachers who completed a self-administered questionnaire. The selection of teacher participants was carried out using purposive sampling. The association between teachers' occupational stress, socio-demographic characteristics, and work-related variables was analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test.
Results: Nearly half (47.2%) of the respondents had experienced stress, with the majority (37.3%) reporting mild stress levels. Females (50.56%) and older respondents, particularly those aged 51 to 60 years, experienced higher stress levels (71.43%). This study revealed that only education level (p=0.035) and large class size (p=0.002) were significantly associated with occupational stress.
Conclusion: Despite the majority of respondents reporting factors such as a high monthly salary, good student behavior, a favorable work environment, and sufficient social support, nearly half of them still reported experiencing stress. This underscores the need for further investigation into the underlying causes of occupational stress among teachers.
Full-Text [PDF 251 kb]   (73 Downloads)    

1. Akanaeme IN, Ekwealor FN, Ifeluni CN, Onyishi CN, Obikwelu CL, Ohia NC, et al. Managing job stress among teachers of children with autism spectrum disorders: A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy with yoga. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021;100(46):e27312. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Salahudin SN, Abdullah MM, Hitam S, Idrus D. Personal characteristics, occupational stress and turnover intentions among school teachers in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Paper presented at: The 5th ASEAN Symposium on Educational Management and Leadership (ASEMAL 5); 2007 Aug 18-19; Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [Conference Peper]
3. Desouky D, Allam H. Occupational stress, anxiety and depression among Egyptian teachers. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2017;7(3):191-8 [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Kyriacou C. Stress-Busting for Teachers. Cheltenham, United Kingdom: nelson thornes; 2000.
5. Mondal J, Shrestha S, Bhaila A. School teachers: Job stress and job satisfaction, Kaski, Nepal. Int J Occup Saf Health. 2011;1(1):27-33 [Article]
6. Kabito GG, Wami SD. Perceived work-related stress and its associated factors among public secondary school teachers in Gondar city: a cross-sectional study from Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2020;13(1):36. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Gaziel HH. Coping with occupational stress among teachers: a cross- cultural study. Comp Educ. 1993;29(1):67-79. [DOI]
8. Hadi AA, Naing NN, Daud A, Nordin R, Sulong MR. Prevalence and factors associated with stress among secondary school teachers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2009;40(6):1359-70. [PMID]
9. Shyam Swaroop S. Occupational Stress among Teachers Working in Secondary Schools of Karauli District Of Rajasthan State. [PhD thesis]. Kerala, India: Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies; 2008.
10. Zhong X, Jin X, Yan L, Yang L, Long H, Wang J, et al. Reliability and validity of general health Questionnaire-12 in Chinese dental healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Front Psychiatry. 2022;12:792838 [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Kashyap GC, Singh SK. Reliability and validity of general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) for male tannery workers: a study carried out in Kanpur, India. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17(1):102. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N, Ruktrakul R. Reliability and validity of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS): Thai version. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2011;7:161-6. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Cartwright AV, Pione RD, Stoner CR, Spector A. Validation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) for family caregivers of people with dementia. Aging Ment Health. 2022;26(2):286-93. [DOI] [PMID]
14. Hankins M. The reliability of the twelve-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) under realistic assumptions. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:355. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Ebrahimi M, Jarvandi S. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2003;1:14 [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Phillips S, Sen D, McNamee R. Prevalence and causes of self-reported work-related stress in head teachers. Occup Med (Lond). 2007;57(5):367-76 [DOI] [PMID]
17. Kabito GG, Wami SD, Chercos DH, Mekonnen TH. Work-related Stress and Associated Factors among Academic Staffs at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: An Institutionbased Cross-sectional Study. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2020;30(2):223-32. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Mkumbo KA. Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Work Stress in Academia in Tanzania. Int J Higher Educ. 2014;3(1):1-11 [DOI]
19. Shetageri VN, Gopalakrishnan G. A cross-sectional study of depression and stress levels among school teachers of Bangalore. J Dent Med Sci. 2016;15(3):21-7. [Article]
20. Waweru LN, Ndambuki PW. Relationship between Workload and Occupational Stress among Teachers in Public Primary Schools in Kasarani, Nairobi, Kenya. Int J Multicult Multirelig Underst. 2021;8(7):685-98 [DOI]
21. Hasan A, Azad M. A study of occupational stress of primary school teachers. Educationia confab. 2014;3(4):11-9
22. Kayastha DP, Kayastha R. A study of occupational stress on job satisfaction among teachers with particular reference to corporate, higher secondary school of Nepal: Empirical study. Asian J Manag Sci Educ. 2012;1(2):52-62 [Article]
23. Wadesango N, Gudyanga E, Mberewere M. Occupational stress among school head teachers: A case for Hwedza District secondary schools’ head teachers. J Soc Sci. 2015;45(1):31-5 [DOI]
24. Azizah A, Rozainee K, Nada I, Norhafizah Z. The prevalence of occupational stress and its association with socio-demographic factors among lecturers in a private university in Malaysia. Int J Public Health Clin Sci. 2016;3(4):63-71. [Article]
25. Okeke C, Dlamini CC. An empirical study of stressors that impinge on teachers in secondary schools in Swaziland. S Afr J Educ. 2013;33(1):1-12. [DOI]
26. Shkëmbi F, Melonashi E, Fanaj N. Workplace stress among teachers in Kosovo. SAGE Open. 2015;5(4):2158244015614610 [DOI]
27. Aftab M, Khatoon T. Demographic differences and occupational stress of secondary school teachers. Eur Sci J. 2012;8(5):159-75 [Article]
28. Jeyaraj SS. Occupational stress among the teachers of the higher secondary schools in Madurai District, Tamil Nadu. IOSR J Bus Manag. 2013;7(5):63-79 [DOI]
29. Olaitan OL, Oyerinde OO, Obiyemi O, Kayode OO. Prevalence of job stress among primary school teachers in South West, Nigeria. Afr J Microbiol Res. 2010;4(5):339-42. [Article]
30. Constance Iyore O. Stressors, effects and coping strategies among teachers in secondary schools in Edo State, Nigeria. Int J Res Granthaalayah. 2018;6(9):137-47. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb