Volume 10, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021)                   JOHE 2021, 10(4): 266-273 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ibikunle M A, Afolabi R F, Bello S. Job Satisfaction and Psychological Distress among Teachers in Selected Schools in Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria in 2021: A Cross-Sectional Study. JOHE. 2021; 10 (4) :266-273
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-500-en.html
1- MSc in Epidemiology, Dept. of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
2- PhD in Statistics, Dept. of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
3- PhD in Public Health and Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. , drsegunbello@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (401 Views)

Background: Job satisfaction is a metric for measuring satisfaction with life and emotional health among employees. This study aims to examine job satisfaction and the relationship between job satisfaction and psychological distress among secondary school teachers in Ibadan, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted among 476 teachers in nine public schools and six private secondary schools in Ibadan. Data were collected within the time period of July-August 2021. In this study, job satisfaction was assessed using a single item on a five-point scale. The Likert and the GHQ-scoring methods were adopted for the GHQ-12 instrument to examine psychological distress. In addition, the association between job satisfaction and psychological distress was established using the correlation and a chi-square test.
Results: Respondents’ mean age was 38.1± 9.0 years. Overall, 307 (64.5%) expressed satisfaction with their job. The psychological distress burden was 197/476 (41.4%) as assessed by Likert scoring and 168/476 (35.3%) as assessed by the GHQ-scoring of the GHQ-12 instrument. Job satisfaction scores and the GHQ instrument scores had a low significant negative correlation (r = - 0.2, p = 0.01).  
Conclusion: In general, a low significant association was observed between job satisfaction and psychological distress among teachers in the secondary schools. Therefore, it is recommended that a cohort study be carried out to examine a causal link between job satisfaction and psychological distress.

Article number: 8
Full-Text [PDF 439 kb]   (79 Downloads)    
Short Report: Original Article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2021/11/22 | Accepted: 2022/02/26 | ePublished: 2022/02/26

1. 1. Aliakbari A. The impact of job satisfaction on teachers’ mental health: A case study of the teachers of Iranian Mazandaran province. World Sci News 2015; 12:1-11. [Article]
2. 2. Bashir L. Job Satisfaction of Teachers In Relation to Professional Commitment. Int J Indian Psychol 2017; 4(4). doi:10.25215/0404.007. [DOI]
3. 3. Jalagat R. Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Motivation: A Critical Review of Their Relationship. Int J Adv Manag Econ 2016; 5(6):36-43. [Article]
4. 4. Omer Soran K. The impact of corporate social responsibility on employee’s job satisfaction. J Process Manag New Technol 2018; 6(3):56-64. [DOI]
5. 5. Kemunto ME, Raburu PA, Joseph B. Does Age Matter? Job Satisfaction of Public Secondary School Teachers. Int J Sci Res 2018; 7(9). [Article]
6. 6. Gopinath R. Influence of Job Satisfaction and Job Involvement of Academicians with special reference to Tamil Nadu Universities. Int J Psychosoc Rehabil 2020; 24(3):4296-306. [Article] [DOI]
7. 7. Rinsangi LVL. Mental Health and Job Satisfaction of College Teachers. Int J Peace Educ Dev 2018; 6(1):39-46. [DOI]
8. 8. Bello S, Afolabi RF, Adewole DA. Job Satisfaction and Psychiatric Morbidity among Resident Doctors in Selected Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria: A web-based Survey. J Occu Health Epidemiol 2019; 8(4):199-206. [DOI]
9. 9. Crisci A, Sepe E, Malafronte P. What influences teachers’ job satisfaction and how to improve, develop and reorganize the school activities associated with them. Qual Quant 2019; 53(5):2403-19. [DOI]
10. 10. Shahi BB. Job Satisfaction and Performance of Community Secondary School Teachers in Nepal: An Exploration and Analysis. Artech J Art Soc Sci 2020; 2(4):105-14. [Article]
11. 11. Sultana A, Sarker MNI, Prodhan SA. Job Satisfaction of Public and Private Primary School Teachers of Bogra District in Bangladesh. J Sociol Anthropol 2017; 1(1):41-6. [Article]
12. 12. Iwu CG, Ezeuduji IO, Iwu IC, Ikebuaku K, Tengeh RK. Achieving Quality Education by Understanding Teacher Job Satisfaction Determinants. Soc Sci 2018; 7(2):25.doi:10.3390/socsci7020025 [DOI]
13. 13. Bernotaite L, Malinauskiene V. Workplace bullying and mental health among teachers in relation to psychosocial job characteristics and burnout. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017; 30(4):629-40. [DOI] [PMID]
14. 14. Skaalvik EM, Skaalvik S. Still motivated to teach? A study of school context variables, stress and job satisfaction among teachers in senior high school. Soc Psychol Educ 2017; 20(1):15-37. [DOI]
15. 15. Schonfeld IS, Bianchi R, Luehring-Jones P. Consequences of Job Stress for the Mental Health of Teachers. In: Educator Stress. New York City, United States: Springer; 2017. [DOI]
16. 16. Akomolafe J, Ogunmakin AO. Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Teachers: Emotional Intelligence, Occupational Stress and Self-Efficacy as Predictors. J Educ Soc Res 2014; 4(3):487-98. [DOI]
17. 17. Okwaraji FE, Aguwa EN. Burnout, Psychological Distress and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Teachers in Enugu, South East Nigeria. J Psychiatry 2015; 18(1):198. doi:10.4172/Psychiatry.1000198 [DOI]
18. 18. Ofovwe CE, Ofili AN, Ojetu OG, Okosun FE. Marital satisfaction, job satisfaction and psychological health of secondary school teachers. Health (Irvine Calif) 2013; 5(4):663-8. [DOI]
19. 19. Ofili AN, Usiholo EA, Oronsaye MO. Psychological morbidity, job satisfaction and intentions to quit among teachers in private secondary schools in Edo-State, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med 2009; 8(1):32-7. [DOI] [PMID]
20. 20. Appiah-Agyekum NN, Suapim RH, Peprah SO. Determinants of Job Satisfaction among Ghanaian Teachers. J Educ Pract 2013; 4(3):43-50. [Article]
21. 21. Azi DS. Enhancing Job Satisfaction for Teachers : A Strategy for Achieving Transformation of Secondary Education in Nigeria. J Educ Pract 2016; 7(13):37-41. [Article]
22. 22. Asa F, Lasebikan VO. Mental health of teachers: teachers’ stress, anxiety and depression among secondary schools in Nigeria. Int Neuropsychiatr Dis J 2016; 7(4):1-10.
23. 23. Okpalauwaekwe U, Mela M, Oji C. Knowledge of and Attitude to Mental Illnesses in Nigeria: A Scoping Review. Integr J Glob Health 2017; 1(1):5. [Article]
24. 24. Onuka AOU. A comparative study of the quality of the managers, teachers and facilities of prlvate and public primary schools in Ibadan, Oyo state. Niger J Educ Adm Plan 2005; 5(2):210-6. [Article]
25. 25. Makanjuola VA, Onyeama M, Nuhu FT, Kola L, Gureje O. Validation of short screening tools for common mental disorders in Nigerian general practices. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2014; 36(3):325-9. [DOI] [PMID]
26. 26. Ruiz FJ, García-Beltrán DM, Suárez-Falcón JC. General Health Questionnaire-12 validity in Colombia and factorial equivalence between clinical and nonclinical participants. Psychiatry Res 2017; 256:53-8. [DOI] [PMID]
27. 27. Armino N, Gouttebarge V, Mellalieu S, Schlebusch R, van Wyk JP, Hendricks S. Anxiety and depression in athletes assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) - a systematic scoping review. S Afr J Sports Med 2021; 33(1). doi: 10.17159/2078-516X/2021/v33i1a10679. [DOI]
28. 28. Kurt N, Demirbolat AO. Investigation of the Relationship Between Psychological Capital Perception, Psychological Well-Being and Job Satisfaction of Teachers. J Educ Learn 2019; 8(1):87-99. [DOI]
29. 29. Ajayi SO, Olatunji OA. Demographic Analysis of Turnover Intentions amongst Nigerian High School Teachers. Aust Int J Rural Educ 2017; 27(1):62-87. [Article]
30. 30. Pepe A, Addimando L, Dagdukee J, Veronese G. Psychological distress, job satisfaction, and work engagement among Palestinian teachers: a cross-sectional study. Lancet 2019; 393(S1):S40. [DOI]
31. 31. Bello S, Adewole DA, Afolabi RF. Work Facets Predicting Overall Job Satisfaction among Resident Doctors in Selected Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria: A Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire Survey. J Occu Health Epidemiol 2020; 9(1):52-60. [DOI:10.29252/johe.9.1.52]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb