Volume 10, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021)                   JOHE 2021, 10(4): 282-287 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Matin S, Sarailoo M, Dargahi A, Vosoughi ** M, Gholizadeh H, Abbasi-Ghahramanloo A. The Risk of Novel Coronavirus Infection among Healthcare Workers in a Therapeutic Center in Ardabil County, Northwest of Iran: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study (2021). JOHE. 2021; 10 (4) :282-287
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-450-en.html
1- Assistant Prof, Dept. of Internal Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
2- MSc in Public Health, Students Research Committee, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
3- Assistant Prof., Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran. , a.dargahi29@yahoo.com
4- Assistant Prof., Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran. mvn_20@yahoo.com
5- Assistant Prof., Dept., of Public Health, School of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (370 Views)

Background: Coronaviruses (CoVs) belong to the family Coronaviridae, the order Nidovirales, and the genus Coronavirus. This research aimed to assess the risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) among healthcare workers at Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ardabil County, Northwest of Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 201 health care workers of Imam Khomeini hospital were recruited. The questionnaire included demographic information (including age, gender, height, and weight items) and information about job and working conditions, the degree of exposure to people suspected of having the disease, and the degree of compliance with health protocols.
Results: The mean age of the healthcare workers (HCWs) was 34.37 ± 7.42 years. In terms of job distribution, most of the HCWs were nurses (57.2%), and only 4.5% were experts. Regarding blood groups, most of the HCWs had the O+ blood group (35.3%). Besides, the PCR results showed that 85.1% of the HCWs had a positive PCR result, and 14.9% were negative.
Conclusion: In general, nurses were the most at-risk group among HCWs. This is because they were more frequently in direct contact with patients than other staff members.

Article number: 10
Full-Text [PDF 320 kb]   (72 Downloads)    
Short Report: Short Report | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2021/08/6 | Accepted: 2021/12/20 | ePublished: 2022/02/26

References
1. 1. Nguyen LH, Drew DA, Graham MS, Joshi AD, Guo CG, Ma W, et al. Risk of COVID-19 among front-line health-care workers and the general community: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Public Health 2020; 5(9):e475-83. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. 2. Karami C, Normohammadi A, Dargahi A, Vosoughi M, Zandian H, Jeddi F, et al. Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 virus on nozzle surfaces of fuel supply stations in North West of Iran. Sci Total Environ 2021; 780:146641. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. 3. Abedi V, Olulana O, Avula V, Chaudhary D, Khan A, Shahjouei S, et al. Racial, Economic, and Health Inequality and COVID-19 Infection in the United States. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2021; 8(3):732-42. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. 4. Cassan G, Van Steenvoort M. Political regime and COVID 19 death rate: Efficient, biasing or simply different autocracies? An econometric analysis. SSM Popul Health 2021; 16:100912. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. 5. Dargahi A, Jeddi F, Vosoughi M, Karami C, Hadisi A, Ahamad Mokhtari S, et al. Investigation of SARS CoV-2 virus in environmental surface. Environ Res 2021; 195:110765. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. 6. Hamming I, Timens W, Bulthuis ML, Lely AT, Navis G, van Goor H. Tissue distribution of ACE2 protein, the functional receptor for SARS coronavirus. A first step in understanding SARS pathogenesis. J Pathol 2004; 203(2):631-7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. 7. Dargahi A, Jeddi F, Ghobadi H, Vosoughi M, Karami C, Sarailoo M, et al. Evaluation of masks’ internal and external surfaces used by health care workers and patients in coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) wards. Environ Res 2021; 196:110948. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. 8. Bai Y, Yao L, Wei T, Tian F, Jin DY, Chen L, et al. Presumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19. JAMA 2020; 323(14):1406-7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. 9. Kotfis K, Skonieczna-Żydecka K. COVID-19: gastrointestinal symptoms and potential sources of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2020; 52(2):171-2. [DOI] [PMID]
10. 10. Karami C, Dargahi A, Vosoughi M, Normohammadi A, Jalali F, Asghariazar V, et al. SARS-CoV-2 in municipal wastewater treatment plant, collection network and hospital wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021:1-9. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. 11. Sohrabi C, Alsafi Z, O'Neill N, Khan M, Kerwan A, Al-Jabir A, et al. World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Int J Surg 2020; 76:71-6. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. 12. van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med 2020; 382(16):1564-7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. 13. Zandian H, Alipouri Sakha M, Nasiri E, Zahirian Moghadam T. Nursing work intention, stress, and professionalism in response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Iran: A cross-sectional study. Work 2021; 68(4):969-79. [DOI] [PMID]
14. 14. Morawska L, Tang JW, Bahnfleth W, Bluyssen PM, Boerstra A, Buonanno G, et al. How can airborne transmission of COVID-19 indoors be minimised? Environ Int 2020; 142:105832. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. 15. Lewis D. Is the coronavirus airborne? Experts can’t agree. Nature 2020; 580(7802):175. [DOI] [PMID]
16. 16. Meiramkulova K, Devrishov D, Zhumagulov M, Arystanova S, Karagoishin Z, Marzanova S, et al. Performance of an Integrated Membrane Process with Electrochemical Pre-Treatment on Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater Purification. Membranes (Basel) 2020; 10(10):256. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. 17. Lauer SA, Grantz KH, Bi Q, Jones FK, Zheng Q, Meredith HR, et al. The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) from Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application. Ann Intern Med 2020;172(9):577-82. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. 18. Zandian H, Sarailoo M, Dargahi S, Gholizadeh H, Dargahi A, Vosoughi M. Evaluation of knowledge and health behavior of University of Medical Sciences students about the prevention of COVID-19. Work 2021; 68(3):543-9. [DOI] [PMID]
19. 19. Shoenfeld Y. Corona (COVID-19) time musings: Our involvement in COVID-19 pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and vaccine planning. Autoimmun Rev 2020; 19(6):102538. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. 20. Sharma SN, Singh SK. Challenges and Threats due to Deadly Corona Virus in India and Dealing it with Social Vaccine (distancing) - the Only Weapon. J Commun Dis 2020; 52(1):7-13. [DOI]
21. 21. Lighter J, Phillips M, Hochman S, Sterling S, Johnson D, Francois F, et al. Obesity in Patients Younger Than 60 Years Is a Risk Factor for Covid-19 Hospital Admission. Clin Infect Dis 2020; 71(15):896-7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. 22. Nicola M, O'Neill N, Sohrabi C, Khan M, Agha M, Agha R. Evidence based management guideline for the COVID-19 pandemic-Review article. Int J Surg 2020; 77:206-16. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. 23. Choi KR, Skrine Jeffers K, Cynthia Logsdon M. Nursing and the novel coronavirus: Risks and responsibilities in a global outbreak. J Adv Nurs 2020; 76(7):1486-7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. 24. Shah ASV, Wood R, Gribben C, Caldwell D, Bishop J, Weir A, et al. Risk of hospital admission with coronavirus disease 2019 in healthcare workers and their households: nationwide linkage cohort study. BMJ 2020; 371:m3582. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. 25. Zandian H, Sharghi A, Moghadam TZ. Quality of work life and work-family conflict: a cross-sectional study among nurses in teaching hospitals. Nurs Manag (Harrow) 2020. doi:10.7748/nm.2020.e1881. [DOI] [PMID]
26. 26. Herron JBT, Hay-David AGC, Gilliam AD, Brennan PA. Personal protective equipment and Covid 19-a risk to healthcare staff? Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020; 58(5):500-2. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. 27. Zahirian Moghadam T, Pourfarzi F, Karami C, Rahimpouran S, Zandian H, Dargahi A. The Effect of Working-based Individual Protective Behaviors (WIPB) on COVID-19 Mortality in North-West of Iran: A Case-Control Study. J Occu Health Epidemiol 2021; 10(3):158-68 [DOI]
28. 28. Kirby T. New variant of SARS-CoV-2 in UK causes surge of COVID-19. Lancet Respir Med 2021; 9(2):e20-1. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. 29. Maben J, Bridges J. Covid-19: Supporting nurses’ psychological and mental health. J Clin Nurs 2020; 29(15-16):2742-50. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. 30. Sarailoo M, Matin S, Vosoughi M, Dargahi A, Gholizadeh H, Damavandi MR, et al. Investigating the relationship between occupation and SARS-CoV2. Work 2021; 68(1):27-32. [DOI] [PMID]
31. 31. Ranney ML, Griffeth V, Jha AK. Critical Supply Shortages - The Need for Ventilators and Personal Protective Equipment during the Covid-19 Pandemic. N Engl J Med 2020; 382(18):e41. [DOI] [PMID]
32. 32. Fraher EP, Pittman P, Frogner BK, Spetz J, Moore J, Beck AJ, et al. Ensuring and Sustaining a Pandemic Workforce. N Engl J Med 2020; 382(23):2181-3. [DOI] [PMID]
33. 33. Jordan RE, Adab P, Cheng KK. Covid-19: risk factors for severe disease and death. BMJ 2020; 368:m1198. [DOI] [PMID]
34. 34. Mhango M, Dzobo M, Chitungo I, Dzinamarira T. COVID-19 Risk Factors among Health Workers: A Rapid Review. Saf Health Work 2020; 11(3):262-5. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
35. 35. Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients with 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA 2020; 323(11):1061-9. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
36. 36. Moosavi S, Lai CW, Gan S, Zamiri G, Akbarzadeh Pivehzhani O, Johan MR. Application of Efficient Magnetic Particles and Activated Carbon for Dye Removal from Wastewater. ACS Omega 2020; 5(33):20684-97. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
37. 37. Poortahmasebi V, Zandi M, Soltani S, Jazayeri SM. Clinical Performance of RT-PCR and Chest CT Scan for COVID-19 Diagnosis; A Systematic Review. Front Emerg Med 2020; 4(2s):e57. [Article]
38. 38. Long C, Xu H, Shen Q, Zhang X, Fan B, Wang C, et al. Diagnosis of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): rRT-PCR or CT? Eur J Radiol 2020; 126:108961. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
39. 39. McMichael TM, Currie DW, Clark S, Pogosjans S, Kay M, Schwartz NG, et al. Epidemiology of Covid-19 in a Long-Term Care Facility in King County, Washington. N Engl J Med 2020; 382(21):2005-11. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
40. 40. Gómez-Ochoa SA, Franco OH, Rojas LZ, Raguindin PF, Roa-Díaz ZM, Wyssmann BM, et al. COVID-19 in Health-Care Workers: A Living Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prevalence, Risk Factors, Clinical Characteristics, and Outcomes. Am J Epidemiol 2021; 190(1):161-75. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
41. 41. Groenewold MR, Burrer SL, Ahmed F, Uzicanin A, Free H, Luckhaupt SE. Increases in Health-Related Workplace Absenteeism among Workers in Essential Critical Infrastructure Occupations During the COVID-19 Pandemic—United States, March–April 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020; 69(27):853-8. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb