Volume 8, Issue 4 (Autumn 2019)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2019, 8(4): 185-189 | Back to browse issues page

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Iqbal M, Rakhia A, Raza F A, Ambreen A, Anwar O. Prevalence and Vaccination Status of Hepatitis B among Healthcare Workers in Allied Hospital of Faisalabad: A Cross-Sectional Study, 2017-18 . J Occup Health Epidemiol 2019; 8 (4) :185-189
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1- M.Phil in Biochemistry, Pakistan Health Research Council, Research Centre, Faisalabad Medical University (FMU), Faisalabad, Pakistan. , mazhar.iqbal174@gmail.com
2- MSc in Microbiology, Pakistan Health Research Council, Research Centre, National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Karachi, Pakistan.
3- PhD in Microbiology, Pakistan Health Research Council, Research Centre, Fatima Jinnah Medical University (FJMU), Lahore, Pakistan.
4- PhD in Biochemistry, Biochemistry Department, Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
5- M.Phil in Pharmacology, Pharmacology Department, Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Article history
Received: 2019/12/15
Accepted: 2020/09/23
ePublished: 2020/09/23
Subject: Epidemiology
Abstract:   (1546 Views)
Background: The vaccination status of HCWs working in Pakistani hospitals against the hepatitis B virus is poorly known. This study aims to assess the vaccination status of hepatitis B among HCWs in Allied Hospital of Faisalabad.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2017 to June 2018. Two groups of HCWs were included in the study. Group 1 consisted of doctors and nurses at different wards of the hospital, and group 2 included final year undergraduate and nursing students. A predesigned form was administered to record information regarding their demographic characteristics and history of vaccination. Next, about 5ml of blood was taken from each participant to check HBsAg. Data were entered and analyzed in SPSS V16.0 by descriptive statistics and the chi-square test.
Results: From total 300 HCWs, 222 (74%) HCWs were female and 78 (26%) of them were male. The age of the participants was between 20-25. In addition, 135 (45%) HCWs were fully vaccinated, 36 (12%) HCWs were partially vaccinated, and 129 (43%) HCWs were never vaccinated against hepatitis B. 59.7% of vaccination cases were found in doctors followed by 49.2% and 26.9% in students and nurses, respectively. The major reason for not being vaccinated was lack of time in 93 (63.7%) HCWs.
Conclusion: Despite existing recommendations and higher prevalence rates of hepatitis B in high-risk groups, about 40% of the HCWs were not vaccinated either due to unawareness or carelessness.
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