Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2016 2016)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2016, 5(2): 98-104 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghanbary Sartang A, Ashnagar M, Habibi E, Sadeghi S. The association of anxiety and depression with musculoskeletal disorders among military personnel in 2016. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2016; 5 (2) :98-104
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-217-en.html

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1- School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Bandar Abbas, Iran , m.ashna63@yahoo.com
3- Dept. of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Dept. of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University Ilam, Ilam, Iran
Article history
Received: 2016/12/28
Accepted: 2017/02/4
ePublished: 2017/03/11
Abstract:   (7433 Views)

Background: Musculoskeletal pain accompanied by psychological problems leads to reduced health efficiency. On the other hand, work-related anxiety and depression is another important factor that could result in reduced productivity in organizations and physical and mental problems in personnel. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common occupational health problems that have high costs and lead to productivity loss in military personnel. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of anxiety and depression with MSDs among military personnel in 2016.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study was conducted on 70 military personnel in July 2016 through convenience sampling method. The data collection tools used were the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ)‎ and Goldberg Anxiety and Depression ‎Scale. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test, and ANOVA in SPSS software.

Results: The highest prevalence of MSDs was observed in the back (48%), thoracic spine (41%), and shoulder (37%). The Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale scores showed that anxiety and depression were at a medium level. The Pearson correlation test showed a significant correlation between anxiety (P = 0.01) (r = 0.79) and depression (P = 0.01) (r = 0.76), and MSDs; with increase in anxiety and depression, MSDs also increased.

Conclusions: The results of this study showed that anxiety and depression have a direct relationship with MSDs. Therefore, interventions must be carried out for MSDs prevention such as reducing physical and psychological job demands, and reducing anxiety and depression level among military personnel.

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