Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2017)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2017, 6(2): 77-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Taghavi Y, Soleimani M, Mokhtaree M, Taheri A. The prevalence of ocular diseases among individuals referring to the ocular emergency unit of Moradi Hospital of Rafsanjan, Iran: 2015. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2017; 6 (2) :77-83
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-220-en.html

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1- Dept. of Ophthalmology; Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Dept. of Ophthalmology; Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , dr.solimani@rums.ac.ir
3- Social Determeinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
4- Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Article history
Received: 2016/12/31
Accepted: 2017/06/14
ePublished: 2017/09/12
Abstract:   (7487 Views)
Background: The determination of common diseases in a region is a medical and health priority of that region. Ocular emergencies can cause permanent vision loss if they are not recognized and treated promptly.  Preserve vision of patients, We arranged this study  in Moradi hospital (Kerman, Iran), to estimate our regional situation.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 2035 medical records of individuals referring to the ocular emergency unit of Moradi Hospital in 2015-2016 were assessed. Demographic information and type of injury, , were recorded in a checklist. The data were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 35.49 ± 13.69 years and the mean duration of time between occurrence of injury and referral was 2.59 ± 2.11 hours. In addition, 1902 (93.5%) participants were men The most common object causing injury was wood (0.8%) and chemical agent was acidic substances (0.8%). The causes of referral in order of frequency were ocular foreign body (OFB) (91.4%), lacerations (3.1%), chemical burns (1%), corneal abrasion (0.9%), glaucoma (0.8%), orbital cellulitis (0.6%), thermal burns (0.6%), infection (0.5%), artery occlusion (0.5%), corneal laceration (0.4%), hyphema (0.2%), and injuries caused by welding (0.2%). corneal laceration, OFB, corneal abrasion, glaucoma, and infection, lacerations, artery occlusion, and penetrating trauma more in men and 16-39 years (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: the majority of injuries were observed in men due to ocular foregin body related to occupational practice. Therefore, occupational ocular injuries should be reduced through a closer relationship between medicine and industries, and education on occupational accidents. 
Keywords: Eye [MeSH], Emergency [MeSH], Trauma [MeSH], Burn [MeSH], Iran [MeSH]
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