Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2018)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2018, 7(1): 20-29 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haghshenas B, Habibi E, Haji Esmaeil Hajar F, Ghanbary Sartang A, van Wijk L, Khakkar S. The association between musculoskeletal disorders with mental workload and occupational fatigue in the office staff of a communication service company in Tehran, Iran, in 2017. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2018; 7 (1) :20-29
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-274-en.html

Related article in
Google Scholar

1- Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3- Department of Environmental Management, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , aioobghanbary@ymail.com
5- Department of Integrated Safety & Security Management, La Hague University, Gravenhage, Den Haag , Netherland.
6- Department of Occupational Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Article history
Received: 2017/10/30
Accepted: 2018/01/30
ePublished: 2018/04/16
Abstract:   (10432 Views)
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common work-related illnesses, which lead to high costs and a reduction in labor productivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between MSDs with mental workload (MWL) and occupational fatigue among the office staff of a communication service in Tehran, Iran, in 2017.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 94 staff of a communication service company in June 2017. The data collection tools included Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA), NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) questionnaire and Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (SOFI). Data analysis conducted using descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA test in SPSS software.
Results: 73% of the participants were women with mean age of 28.25 ± 3.40 years and the remaining participants were men with mean age of 26.91 ± 4.60 years. According to the results of the Nordic questionnaire, the highest pain was observed in the neck (65.94%) during the last year. According to the results of the ROSA, 71% of the participants were at the warning risk level and the need for ergonomic interventions. In addition, the relationship between occupational fatigue and its subscales with MSDs was significant in all cases (P < 0.001). Finally According to the results, the participants’ MWL was high.
Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that high workload and occupational fatigue cause MSDs, and intervention is necessary in these individuals.

Full-Text [PDF 502 kb]   (2219 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (2083 Views)  

1. Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Soleimani H, Lotfi MH, Akbari H, Heidari N. Musculoskeletal disorders among video display terminal (VDT) workers comparing with other office workers. Iran Occupational Health 2010; 7(2):11-4. [Article]
2. Coluci MZ, Alexandre NM, de Freitas Pedrini T. Musculoskeletal symptoms and workers' perception about job factors in a pulp and paper industry. Work 2012; 41(Suppl 1):5728-30. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Hernandez Arellano JL, Castillo Martinez JA, Serratos Perez JN, Garcia Alcaraz JL. Relationship between workload and fatigue among Mexican assembly operators. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 2015; 3(6):1-6. [Article]
4. Ferasati F, Sohrabi MS, Jalilian M. Evaluation of WMSDs in VDT users with Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA) method. Journal of Ergonomics 2014; 1(3):65-74. [Article]
5. Hales TR, Sauter SL, Peterson MR, Fine LJ, Putz-Anderson V, Schleifer LR, et al. Musculoskeletal disorders among visual display terminal users in a telecommunications company. Ergonomics 1994; 37(10):1603-21. [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Mehta RK, Agnew MJ. Influence of mental workload on muscle endurance, fatigue, and recovery during intermittent static work. Eur J Appl Physiol 2012; 112(8):2891-902. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Azari GR, Davuian-Talab AH. Comparison of burnout and musculoskeletal disorders among computer users and office workers. Archives of Rehabilitation 2012; 12(Supplementary 4):38-46. [Article]
8. Haukka E, Leino-Arjas P, Viikari-Juntura E, Takala EP, Malmivaara A, Hopsu L, et al. A randomised controlled trial on whether a participatory ergonomics intervention could prevent musculoskeletal disorders. Occup Environ Med 2008; 65(12):849-56. [DOI] [PMID]
9. Robertson MM, Ciriello VM, Garabet AM. Office ergonomics training and a sit-stand workstation: effects on musculoskeletal and visual symptoms and performance of office workers. Appl Ergon 2013; 44(1):73-85. [DOI] [PMID]
10. Armstrong TJ, Buckle P, Fine LJ, Hagberg M, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, et al. A conceptual model for work-related neck and upper-limb musculoskeletal disorders. Scand J Work Environ Health 1993; 19(2):73-84. [PMID]
11. Hakala PT, Rimpelä AH, Saarni LA, Salminen JJ. Frequent computer-related activities increase the risk of neck-shoulder and low back pain in adolescents. Eur J Public Health 2006; 16(5):536-41. [DOI] [PMID]
12. Choobineh A, Solaymani E, Mohammad Beigi A. Musculoskeletal symptoms among workers of metalStructure manufacturing industry in Shiraz, 2005. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology 2009; 5(3):35-43. [Article]
13. Delisle A, Larivière C, Plamondon A, Imbeau D. Comparison of three computer office workstations offering forearm support: impact on upper limb posture and muscle activation. Ergonomics 2006; 49(2):139-60. [DOI] [PMID]
14. Fisher T, Gibson T. A measure of university employees' exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Workplace Health Saf 2008; 56(3):107-14. [Article] [DOI]
15. Evans O, Patterson K. Predictors of neck and shoulder pain in non-secretarial computer users. Int J Ind Ergon 2000; 26(3):357-65. [Sciencedirect] [DOI]
16. Yektaei T, Tabatabaei- Ghomsheh F, Piri L. The effect of ergonomic principles education on musculoskeletal disorders among computer users. Archives of Rehabilitation 2013; 13(4):108-16. [Article]
17. Holmes S. Work-related stress: a brief review. J R Soc Promot Health 2001; 121(4):230-5. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Lundberg U, Frankenhaeuser M. Stress and workload of men and women in high-ranking positions. J Occup Health Psychol 1999; 4(2):142-51. [DOI] [PMID]
19. Sveinsdottir H, Biering P, Ramel A. Occupational stress, job satisfaction, and working environment among Icelandic nurses: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud 2006; 43(7):875-89. [DOI] [PMID]
20. Backs RW, Ryan AM, Wilson GF. Psychophysiological measures of workload during continuous manual performance. Hum Factors 1994; 36(3):514-31. [DOI] [PMID]
21. Weinger MB, Reddy SB, Slagle JM. Multiple measures of anesthesia workload during teaching and nonteaching cases. Anesth Analg 2004; 98(5):1419-25. [DOI] [PMID]
22. Mohammadi M, Mazloumi A, Nasl Seraji J, Zeraati H. Designing questionnaire of assessing mental workload and determine its validity and reliability among ICUs nurses in one of the TUMS’s hospitals. Scientific Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research 2013; 11(2):87-96. [Article]
23. Cho CY, Hwang YS, Cherng RJ. Musculoskeletal symptoms and associated risk factors among office workers with high workload computer use. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2012; 35(7):534-40. [DOI] [PMID]
24. Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Appl Ergon 1987; 18(3):233-7. [Sciencedirect] [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Saremi M, Fallah MR. Subjective fatigue and medical errors among nurses in an educational hospital. Iran Occupational Health 2013; 10(4):1-8. [Article]
26. So-Kum Tang C, Au WT, Schwarzer R, Schmitz G. Mental health outcomes of job stress among Chinese teachers: role of stress resource factors and burnout. J Organ Behav 2001; 12(8):887-901. [Article] [DOI]
27. Borg MG, Riding RJ, Falzon JM. Stress in teaching: a study of occupational stress and its determinants, job satisfaction and career commitment among primary schoolteachers. Educ Psychol (Lond) 1991; 11(1):59-75. [Article] [DOI]
28. Ghanbary-Sartang A, Habibi H. Evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders to method Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA) in computers users. Journal of Preventive Medicine 2015; 2(1):47-54. [Article]
29. Sonne M, Villalta DL, Andrews DM. Development and evaluation of an office ergonomic risk checklist: ROSA-- rapid office strain assessment. Appl Ergon 2012; 43(1):98-108. [DOI] [PMID]
30. Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Soleimani H, Lotfi MH, Akbari H, Heidari N. Musculoskeletal disorders among video display terminal (VDT) workers comparing with other office workers. Iran Occup Health 2010; 7(2):11-4. [Article]
31. Winwood PC, Winefield AH, Dawson D, Lushington K. Development and validation of a scale to measure work-related fatigue and recovery: the Occupational Fatigue Exhaustion/Recovery Scale (OFER). J Occup Environ Med 2005; 47(6):594-606. [DOI] [PubMed]
32. Barker LM, Nussbaum MA. Fatigue, performance and the work environment: a survey of registered nurses. J Adv Nurs 2011; 67(6):1370-82. [DOI] [PMID]
33. Sultanian AR, Motamedzade Torghabe M, Shafii Motlagh M, Garkaz A, Mahdavi N. Persian version of Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (P-SOFI): validity and reliability. Iran Occupational Health 2014; 11(1):34-43. [Article]
34. Javadpour F, Keshavarzi S, Choobineh A, Aghabaigi M. Validity and reliability of the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (SOFI-20) among Iranian working population. Journal of Ergonomics 2015; 3(1):50-8. [Article]
35. Rahimabadi S, Khanjani N, Mardi H. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and their related factors in workers of a dairy factory, Nishabur, Iran. Journal of Health Development 2012; 1(2):121-9. [Article]
36. Motamedzade M, Saedpanah K, Salimi K, Eskandari T. Risk assessment of musculoskeletal disorders by Muscle Fatigue Assessment method and implementation of an ergonomic intervention in Assembly industry. Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering 2016; 3(1):33-40 [Article]
37. Choobineh AR, Rahimi Fard H, Jahangiri M, Mahmood Khani S. Musculoskeletal injuries and their associated risk factors. Iran Occupational Health 2012; 8(4):70-81. [Article]
38. Nadri H, Nadri A, Khanjani N, Nadri F, Jafari Roodbandi A. Evaluating the factors effective on musculoskeletal disorders among the employees of one of Qazvin’s governmental offices. Journal of Health and Development 2013; 2(2):106-16. [Article] [Eprints]
39. Rowshani Z, Mortazavi SB, Khavanin A, Mirzaei R, Mohseni M. Comparing RULA and Strain index methods for the assessment of the potential causes of musculoskeletal disorders in the upper extremity in an electronic company in Tehran. Feyz 2013; 17(1):61-70. [Article]
40. Darvishi E, Maleki A, Giahi O, Akbarzadeh A. Subjective mental workload and its correlation with musculoskeletal disorders in bank staff. J Manipulative and Physiol Ther 2016; 39(6):420-6. [Sciencedirect] [DOI] [PMID]
41. Habibi E, Mohammadi Z, Ghanbary Sartang A. Ergonomic assessment of musculoskeletal disorders risk among the computer users by Rapid Upper Limb Assessment method. Int J Environ Health Eng 2016; 5(1):15. [Article] [DOI]
42. Habibi E, Taheri MR, Hasanzadeh A. Relationship between mental workload and musculoskeletal disorders among Alzahra Hospital nurses. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2015; 20(1):1-6. [PMID] [PMCID]
43. Bos EH, Krol B, Van Der Star A, Groothoff JW. The effects of occupational interventions on reduction of musculoskeletal symptoms in the nursing profession. Ergonomics 2006; 49(7):706-23. [DOI] [PMID]
44. Ando S, Ono Y, Shimaoka M, Hiruta S, Hattori Y, Hori F, et al. Associations of self-estimated workloads with musculoskeletal symptoms among hospital nurses. Occup Environ Med 2000; 57(3):211-6. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
45. Sirge T, Ereline J, Kums T, Gapeyeva H, Pääsuke M. Musculoskeletal symptoms, and perceived fatigue and work characteristics in supermarket cashiers. Agronomy Research 2014; 12(3):915-24. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb