Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(4): 227-232 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shikhakbari Z, Ziaadini M. The mediator role of social phobia in the association between resiliency and job performance among nurses of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb hospital of Rafsanjan, Iran (2017). JOHE. 2018; 7 (4) :227-232
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-287-en.html
1- MSc Student in Human Resources Management, Department of Management, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan, Iran. , mziaaddini@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (370 Views)
Background: Due to its professional nature, nursing is a very difficult, stressful, and phobia-orienting occupation. Social phobia, after depression, is the most important mental problem in today's world, and it affects the quality of life of nurses. The present study was conducted to determine the mediator role of social phobia in the association between resiliency and job performance among nurses of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb hospital of Rafsanjan in 2017.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive and an applied study. According to Cochran formula, 174 nurses were selected by random sampling method; three standardized questionnaires (resiliency, job performance and social phobia), all of which had acceptable validity and reliability, were used to collect required data. Structural equation modeling of minimum squares method, Smart PLS and SPSS (version 20) were used to analyze the data. 
Results: Results showed that resilience had a significant effect on job performance (p <0.05), however, the effect of social phobia on job performance was not significant. Therefore, social phobia does not mediate the association between resilience and job performance.
Conclusion: Resilience could lead to a significant decrease in social phobia; on the other hand, it increases job performance. Therefore, it seems that strengthening different psychological aspects in nurses, such as flexibility and controlling social phobia, helps their lives in the workplace and increases job performance.
Full-Text [PDF 371 kb]   (104 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (57 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/01/11 | Accepted: 2018/12/10 | ePublished: 2019/02/13

References
1. Doriani E. Investigating the relationship between leadership styles on empowerment of gas companies in Kerman city. [MSc thesis]. Mashhad: Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch; 2014. P.41.
2. Spector PE. Indastrial and organizational Psychology: research and practice. 2nd ed. New York City, United States: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2000.
3. Mahmoudi H, Ebrahimian A, Solymani M, Ebadi A, Hafezi S, Fayzi F, et al. The study of job motivation factors in critical care nurses. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2008; 1(2):171-8.
4. Karaimak O. Establishing the psychometric gualities of the Conner - Davidson Resilience Scale (CD - RISC) using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in a trauma sarvivor sample. Psychiatry Res 2010; 179(3):350-6. [DOI] [PMID]
5. Zautra AJ, Hall JS, Murray KE. Resilience: a new definition of health for people and communities. In: Reich JW, Zautra AJ, Hall JS, editors. Handbook of adult resilience. New York: Guilford Press; 2010. P.3-29.
6. Stratta P, Capanna C, Dell’Osso L, Carmassi C, Patriarca S, Di Emidio G, et al. Resilience and coping in trauma spectrum symptoms prediction: A structural equation modeling approach. Pers Individ Dif 2015; 77(44):55-61 [Article] [DOI]
7. Clark DM. A cognitive perspective on social phobia. In: Crozier W, Alden LE, editors, International handbook of social anxiety: Concepts, research and interventions relating to the self and shyness. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001. P.405.
8. Tulbure BT. The efficacy of internet-supported intervention for social anxiety disorder: a brief meta-analytic review. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2011; 30:552-7. [Article] [DOI]
9. Bayrami M, Mohebbi M. Relationship between attachment to parents and perception of conflict between parents with social anxiety disorder in female students: the mediating role of emotion-oriented coping strategy. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2016; 8(1):71-82. [Article]
10. Rahnavard F. Explaining of Participative Management Philosophy. Journal of Management and Development Process 1999; 13(2):7-16.
11. Gorji M, Siami S, Shamani S. The survey of organizational commitment and its relationship with job satisfaction, absenteeism and delays, leaving the service and staff performance. Journal of Modern Industrial / Organization Psychology 2011; 1(5):75-83.
12. Tahmasbi M. Investigating the relationship between spirituality and resilience with anxiety and burnout. [MSc thesis]. Kermanshah: Razi University; 2012. P.59.
13. Eftekharadin A, Eftekharadin F. Resilience and social anxiety of quranic institutions managers of the :::union::: of quranic organizations of the country. Paper presented at: The 1st Scientific Conference on the Research of Psychology, Education and Community Affairs; 2015 March 18; Tehran, Iran.
14. Joayandeh M. Relation of resilience and organizational citizen's behavior with the performance of nurses in Shahid Faghih and Shahid Beheshti hospitals. [MSc thesis]. Marvdasht: Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch; 2013. P.128.
15. Mohammadi M. The study of key factors influences on resiliency of substance abuse at risk. [PhD thesis]. Tehran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences; 2005. P.27-30.
16. Chesak SS, Bhagra A, Schroeder DR, Foy DA, Cutshall SM, Sood A. Enhancing resilience among new nurses: feasibility and efficacy of a pilot intervention. Ochsner J 2015; 15(1):38-44. [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Magner N, Welker RB, Campbell TL. Testing a model of cognitive budgetary participation processes in a latent variable structural equations framework. Accounting and Business Research 1996; 27(1):41-50. [Article] [DOI]
18. Chesak SS, Bhagra A, Schroeder DR, Foy DA, Cutshall SM, Sood A. Enhancing resilience among new nurses: feasibility and efficacy of a pilot intervention. Ochsner J 2015; 15(1):38-44. [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Jowkar B. The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between general and emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Contemporary Psychology 2007; 2(2):3-12. [Article]
20. McNichols ChW, Stahl MJ, Manley TR. A validation of hoppock’s job satisfaction measure. Acad Manage J 1978; 21(4):737-42. [Article] [DOI]
21. Marvian Hosseini Z, Lariye Dashte Bayaz M. Investigating the role of occupational burnout on the relationship between stress and job performance of auditors. Quarterly Journal of Health Accounting 2015; 4(1):57-80. [Article]
22. Connor KM, Davidson JR, Churchill LE, Sherwood A, Foa E, Weisler RH. Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale. Br J Psychiatry 2000; 176:379-86. [DOI] [PMID]
23. Fornell C, Larcker DF. Evaluating structural equations models with unobservable variables and measurement error. J Mark Res 1981; 18(1):39-50 [Article] [DOI]
24. Davari A, Rezazadeh A. Modelling of structural equations by PLS software. 1st ed. Tehran, Iran: Jehad Daneshgahi; 2013.
25. Schetter CD, Dolbier C. Resilience in the context of chronic stress and health in adults. Soc Personal Psychol Compass 2011; 5(9):634-52. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Gillespie BM. The predictors of resilience in operation room nurses. [PhD thesis]. Brisbane, Australia: Griffith University; 2007. [Thesis]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb