Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(4): 213-221 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karimi N, Naziry G. Predicting the rate of cigarette smoking based on resilience and cognitive emotion regulation in the non-clinical population of Shiraz, Iran, 2016. JOHE. 2018; 7 (4) :213-221
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-305-en.html
1- MSc in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Shiraz, Iran , Naziry@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (464 Views)
Background: Cigarette smoking is considered a public health problem. Much research has been conducted on smoking and respective factors, but little research has addressed the prediction of the smoking rate based on various psychological variables. The present study was conducted aimed at predicting the smoking rate in the non-clinical population of Shiraz, Iran, in 2016, based on resilience and cognitive emotion regulation.
Materials and methods: In the present descriptive study, 250 female and male smokers of the non-clinical population of Shiraz, Iran, in 2016, were selected through random sampling. The research instruments included a demographic scale and smoking patterns, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Scale. The obtained data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation and linear regression, using SPSS (Version 20(.
Results: The results showed a negative correlation between the subscales of resilience and cognitive emotion regulation, age, and education with the cigarette smoking rate (P<0.01). In addition, the values of R and R2 were 0.39 and 0.15, respectively. The daily smoking rates can be predictable with resiliency, cognitive-emotional regulation sub-scales, age, and education variables (0/015).
Conclusion: Some psychological variables, such as resilience and cognitive emotion regulation probably affect the tendency to cigarette smoking, so considering these variables could be efficient in the interventions for preventing and stopping cigarette smoking.

 
Full-Text [PDF 334 kb]   (152 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (70 Views)  
Type of Study: original article |
Received: 2018/05/10 | Accepted: 2018/12/22 | ePublished: 2019/02/13

References
1. World Health Organization. WHO global report: mortality attributable to tobacco. Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012. Available from: https://www.who.int/tobacco/publications/surveillance/rep_mortality_attributable/en/ [Report]
2. Mozafarinia R, Assarian M, Ziaaddini A. Prevalence of substance abuse among students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Addict Health 2017; 9(2):103-9. [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Savage RJ, King VL, Clark CB, Cropsey KL. Factors associated with early marijuana initiation in a criminal justice population. Addict Behav 2017; 64:82-8. [DOI] [PMID]
4. Halimi L, Haghdoost AA, Mohammad Alizadeh S. Prevalence of cigarette smoking among Iranian women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2013; 27(3):132-40. [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Hodder RK, Freund M, Bowman J, Wolfenden L, Gillham K, Dray J, et al. Association between adolescent tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use and individual and environmental resilience protective factors. BMJ Open 2016; 6(11):e012688. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Nosratabadi M, Halvaiepour Z. The mediating role of emotion regulation in relationship between criticism and cigarette smoking among male adolescents. Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2018; 7(2):e55596. [Article] [DOI]
7. Hart A, Gagnon E, Eryigit-Madzwamuse S, Cameron J, Aranda K, Rathbone A, et al. Uniting resilience research and practice with an inequalities approach. Sage Open 2016; 6(4):1-15. [Article] [DOI] [Eprints]
8. Agaibi CE, Wilson JP. Trauma, PTSD, and resilience: a review of the literature. Trauma Violence Abuse 2005; 6(3):195-216. [DOI] [PMID]
9. Vanhove AJ, Herian MN, Perez ALU, Harms PD, Lester PB. Can resilience be developed at work? a meta-analytic review of resilience-building programme effectiveness. J Occup Organ Psychol 2016; 89(2):278-307. [DOI]
10. Meredith LS, Sherbourne CD, Gaillot SJ, Hansell L, Ritschard HV, Parker AM, et al. Promoting psychological resilience in the U.S. military. Rand Health Q 2011; 1(2):2. [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Key SA. Emotion regulation and resilience: overlooked connections. Ind Organ Psychol 2016; 9(2):411-5. [Article] [DOI]
12. Wu L. Emotion regulation in addicted smokers (Emotionsregulation bei abhängigen rauchern). [PhD thesis]. Sichuan, China: Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg Institute of Psychology; 2013. [Thesis]
13. Sandhu KS, Arora V, Gupta N , Gupta P, Raja M , Mehta N. Association of occupational stress factors on nicotine dependence among patients visiting dental care unit of Indo-Tibetian border police force station in India. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2016; 67(1):69-74. [PMID]
14. Jiang H, Li S, Yang J. Work stress and depressive symptoms in fishermen with a smoking habit: a mediator role of nicotine dependence and possible moderator role of expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal. Front Psychol 2018; 9:386. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Jalali R. Qualitative research sampling. Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences 2013; 1(4):310-20. [Article]
16. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety 2003; 18(2):76-82. [DOI] [PMID]
17. Mohammadi M. The survey of influencing factors on resiliency in people at risk of substance abuse. [PhD thesis]. Tehran: University Rehabilitation Sciences and Social Welfare; 2005.
18. Jowkar B. The mediating role of resilience in the relationship between general and emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Contemporary Psychology 2007; 2(2):3-12. [Article]
19. Samani S, Jokar B, Sahragard N. Effects of resilience on mental health and life satisfaction. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology 2007; 13(3):290-5. [Article]
20. Granefski N, Kraaij V. Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire-development of a short 18-item version (CERQ- Short). Pers Individ Dif 2006; 41(6):1045-53. [Article] [DOI]
21. Samani S, Sadeghi L. Psychometric properties of the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire. Journal of Psychological Methods and Models 2010; 1(1):51-62. [Article]
22. Bayrami M, Movahedi Y, Minashiri A. The compression cognitive emotion regulation in smokers and non-smoker students. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2014; 23(109):143-50. [Article]
23. Husten CG. How should we define light or intermittent smoking? Does it matter? Nicotine Tob Res 2009; 11(2):111-21. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Molaei H, keshavarz D. The role of parenting styles, social anxiety and resilience in predicting smoking in adolescents. Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy 2014; 3 (12):53-65.
25. Christophi CA, Pampaka D, Paisi M, Ioannou S, DiFranza JR. Levels of physical dependence on tobacco among adolescent smokers in Cyprus. Addict Behav 2016; 60:148-53. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Parker JDA, Taylor RN, Eastabrookj JM, Schell SL, Wood LM. Problem gambling in adolescence: Relationships with internet misuse, gaming abuse, and emotional intelligence. Pers Individ Dif 2008; 45(2):174-80. [Sciencedirect] [DOI]
27. Johnson AL, McLeish AC. The indirect effect of emotion dysregulation in terms of negative affect and smoking-related cognitive processes. Addict Behav 2016; 53:187-92. [DOI] [PMID]
28. Ebadi M, Vahdaninia M, Azin A, Aeenparast A, Omidvari S, Jahangiri K, et al. Prevalence of tobacco consumption: Iranian health perception survey. Payesh (Health Monitor) 2011; 10(3):365-72. [Article]
29. Wang Y, Chen X, Gong J, Yan Y. Relationships between stress, negative emotions, resilience, and smoking: testing a moderated mediation model. Subst Use Misuse 2016; 51(4):427-38. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Donnelly L. Divorcees far more likely to die from heart attacks, research finds. Telegraph Media Group Limited [Internet]. 2017 Aug 28; Available from: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/08/28/divorcees-far-likely-die-heart-attacks-research-finds/
31. Riggs PD. Treating adolescents for substance abuse and comorbid psychiatric disorders. Sci Pract Perspect 2003; 2(1):18-29. [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Salkovskis P, Shafran R, Rachman S, Freeston MH. Multiple pathways to inflated responsibility beliefs in obsessional problems: possible origins and implications for therapy and research. Behav Res Ther 1999; 37(11):1055–72. [DOI] [PMID]
33. Colgan Y, Turnbull DA, Mikocka-Walus AA, Delfabbro P. Determinants of resilience to cigarette smoking among young Australians at risk: an exploratory study. Tob Induc Dis 2010; 8:7. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Bíró É, Veres-Balajti I, Kósa K. Social support contributes to resilience among physiotherapy students: a cross sectional survey and focus group study. Physiotherapy 2016; 102(2):189-95. [DOI] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb