Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer 2019)                   JOHE 2019, 8(3): 163-70 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moghaddam Hosseini S, Daneshvar Z, Khadivi A, Talebi B. Predicting the health performance of high school principals based on spirituality in the workplace, Tabriz, Iran (2018-2019). JOHE. 2019; 8 (3) :163-70
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-354-en.html
1- PhD Student, Department of Educational Administration, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz , Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Department of Educational Administration, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University , Tabriz , Iran. , zarrindaneshvar@gmail.com
3- Assistant Prof., Educational Administration, Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (252 Views)
Background: Providing favorable services associated with students' behavior and health care is one of the most important tasks of school principals, and the health performance (HP) of schools is influenced by the organizational factors, such as spirituality in the workplace (SW).The purpose of this research is to predict the HP of school principals based on SW.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, all high school principals in Tabriz (N₌800) during 2018-2019 academic year were listed. Of these, 258 principals were selected through stratified random sampling in terms of location of schools. Data collection was performed using, the questionnaires of managers' HP and SW, as well as its components, including meaningful work (MW), sense of community (SOC), and the alignment of organizational values (AOV). Data were analyzed using path analysistest using PLS software.
Results: The results of structural equation modeling revealed that the HP of school principals based on SW and its components was predictable. The predicted coefficient (adjusted R2)was 0.49. Furthermore, the results showed that the path coefficients of latent variables were significant (P <0.001).
Conclusion: It is required to have a proper spiritual environment and pay attention to spirituality in the school workplace in order to improve the HP of school principals to provide good health services to students.

 
Keywords: Health [MeSH], Student Health [MeSH], Work [MeSH],
Full-Text [PDF 356 kb]   (43 Downloads)    
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2019/07/22 | Accepted: 2019/10/20 | ePublished: 2020/04/20

References
1. Madariaga L, Nussbaum M, Burq I, Marañón F, Salazar D, Maldonado L, et al. Online survey: A national study with school principals. Comput Human Behav 2017; 74:35-44 [DOI]
2. 2. Moghaddam Hosseini S, Talebi B. A Partial Least Squares Path Model of Principals’ Performance in School Health Services Based on Spiritual Intelligence in Tabriz Female High Schools. International Journal of School Health 2018; 5(3):e77217. [DOI]
3. 3. Schildkamp K, Visscher A. Factors influencing the utilisation of a school self-evaluation instrument. Studies in Educational Evaluation 2009; 35(4):150-9. [DOI]
4. 4. Chen H, Su Y, Zheng Q, Li L. Towards an operationalized and effective school self-evaluation system: An ongoing action research study in Chinese secondary schools since 2011. Studies in Educational Evaluation 2019; 60:117-29. [DOI]
5. 5. Tavares PA. The impact of school management practices on educational performance: Evidence from public schools in São Paulo. Econ Educ Rev 2015; 48:1-15. [DOI]
6. 6. Piaw CY, Hee TF, Ismail NR, Ying LH. Factors of Leadership Skills of Secondary School Principals. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2014; 116:5125-9. [DOI]
7. 7. Lear JG, Barnwell EA, Behrens D. Health-care reform and school-based health care. Public Health Rep 2008; 123(6):704-8. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. 8. Knauer H, Baker DL, Hebbeler K, Davis-Alldritt L. The Mismatch Between Children's Health Needs and School Resources. J Sch Nurs 2015; 31(5):326-33. [DOI] [PMID]
9. 9. McIsaac JD, Read K, Veugelers PJ, Kirk SFL. Culture matters: a case of school health promotion in Canada. Health Promot Int 2017; 32(2):207-17. [DOI] [PMID]
10. 10. Storey KE, Montemurro G, Flynn J, Schwartz M, Wright E, Osler J, et al. Essential conditions for the implementation of comprehensive school health to achieve changes in school culture and improvements in health behaviours of students. BMC Public Health 2016; 16(1):1133. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. 11. Shinde S, Pereira B, Khandeparkar P, Sharma A, Patton G, Ross DA, et al. The development and pilot testing of a multicomponent health promotion intervention (SEHER) for secondary schools in Bihar, India. Glob Health Action 2017; 10(1):1385284. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. 12. Rathmann K, Herke MG, Hurrelmann K, Richter M. Perceived class climate and school-aged children's life satisfaction: The role of the learning environment in classrooms. PLoS One 2018; 13(2):e0189335. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. 13. Rezaee B, Tarin H. A meta-analysis on researchs effective factors on the performance of school principals. Journal of School Administration 2017; 5(2):193-215. [Article]
14. 14. Nazari R, Vaziri M, Adli F. Parent assessment of the performance of public and nongovernmental school staff based on the customer-centric dimensions of SERVQUAL model. Journal of New Thoughts on Education 2013; 9(2):151-74.
15. 15. Bakhshi E, Gharagozlou F, Moradi A, Naderi MR. Quality of work life and its association with job burnout and job performance among Iranian healthcare employees in Islamabad-e Gharb, 2016. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2019; 8(2):94-101. [DOI]
16. 16. Shikhakbari Z, Ziaadini M. The mediator role of social phobia in the association between resiliency and job performance among nurses of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb hospital of Rafsanjan, Iran (2017). Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2018; 7(4):227-32. [DOI]
17. 17. Taboli H, Ayagh G, Bastami R, Hakimi I. Modeling the relationship between organizational culture, clinical governance, and organizational performance: A case study of Tamin Ejtemaee hospitals in Mazandaran Province, Iran. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2014; 3(4):197-205. [DOI]
18. 18. Wagner JIJ, Brooks D, Urban AM. Health Care Providers’ Spirit at Work Within a Restructured Workplace. West J Nurs Res 2016; 40(1):20-36. [DOI] [PMID]
19. 19. Sachdeva G. Impact of Spirituality in Management: A Review. In: Mishra D, editor. Science and Spirituality for a Sustainable World: Emerging Research and Opportunities. 1st ed. Hershey, United States: IGI Global; 2019. [DOI]
20. 20. Karakas F. Spirituality and Performance in Organizations: A Literature Review. J Bus Ethics 2010; 94(1):89-106. [DOI]
21. 21. Milliman J, Czaplewski A, Ferguson J. Workplace spirituality and employee work attitudes. Journal of Organizational Change Management 2003; 16(4):426-47. [DOI]
22. 22. Pirkola H, Rantakokko P, Suhonen M. Workplace spirituality in health care: an integrated review of the literature. J Nurs Manag 2016; 24(7):859-68. [DOI] [PMID]
23. 23. Duchon D, Plowman DA. Nurturing the spirit at work: Impact on work unit performance. Leadersh Q 2005; 16(5):807-33. [DOI]
24. 24. Soha HM, Osman A, Salahuddin SN, Abdullah S, Ramlee NF. The Relationship of Work Influence, Sense of Community and Individual Spirituality towards Organizational Performance. Procedia Economics and Finance 2016; 35:591-6. [DOI]
25. 25. Abbaspoor J, Abbaspoor H, Shahbazi Sh. The effect of organizational spirituality and its dimensions on staff loyalty (Case Study: Mehran Education Organization). Journal of Human Resources Management 2018; 7(26):87-110.
26. 26. Ashmos DP, Duchon D. Spirituality at Work: A Conceptualization and Measure. Journal of Management Inquiry 2000; 9(2):134-45. [DOI]
27. 27. Masci Ch, De Witte K, Agasisti T. The influence of school size, principal characteristics and school management practices on educational performance: An efficiency analysis of Italian students attending middle schools. Socioecon Plann Sci 2018; 61:52-69. [DOI]
28. 28. Milliman J, Gatling A, Kim JS. The effect of workplace spirituality on hospitality employee engagement, intention to stay, and service delivery. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management 2018; 35:56-65. [DOI]
29. 29. Drakhshanmehr A, Jabbarzadeh Kangsarloei S, Bahri Sales J. Analysis of relationship between ethical leadership and certified public accountants performance with the role of moderating professional ethics. Quarterly Journal of Public Organizations Management 2018; 6(2):149-58. [Article]
30. 30. Azad Marzabadi E, Hoshmandja M, Poorkhalil M. Relationship between Organizational Spirituality with Psychological Empowerment, Creativity, Spiritual Intelligence, Job Stress and Job Satisfaction of University Staff. Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2012; 6(2):181-7. [Article]
31. 31. Mahipalan M, S S. Workplace Spirituality and Subjective Happiness among High School Teachers: Gratitude As A Moderator. Explore 2019; 15(2):107-14. [DOI] [PMID]
32. 32. Albuquerque IF, Cunha RC, Martins LD, Sá AB. Primary health care services: workplace spirituality and organizational performance. Journal of Organizational Change Management 2014; 27(1):59-82. [DOI]
33. 33. Pawar BS. Workplace spirituality and employee well-being: an empirical examination. Employee Relations 2016; 38(6):975-94. [DOI]
34. 34. Joelle M, Coelho AM. The impact of spirituality at work on workers’ attitudes and individual performance. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2019; 30(7):1111-35. [DOI]
35. 35. Garg N. Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance in Indian Context: Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment, Work Motivation and Employee Engagement. South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management 2017; 4(2):191-211. [DOI]
36. 36. Neal J. Overview of Workplace Spirituality Research. In: Dhiman S, Roberts GE, Crossman JE, editors. The Palgrave Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Fulfillment. 1st ed. Switzerland Cham: Palgrave Macmillan; 2018. P.3-57. [DOI]
37. 37. Sintaasih DK, Manuati Dewi IGA, Mudiartha Utama IW, Mujiati NW. Work spirituality. International Journal of Ethics and Systems 2019; 35(3):306-22. [DOI]
38. 38. Sony M, Mekoth N. The relationship between workplace spirituality, job satisfaction and job performance. International Journal of Process Management and Benchmarking 2019; 9(1):27-46. [DOI]
39. 39. Habibi A, Adanvar M. Structural equations modeling and factor analysis (LISREL Manual). 1st ed. Tehran: Jehad daneshgahi; 2017.
40. 40. Norouzi R, Dargahi Sh, Aeyadi N, Sarhaddi M. The association between workplace spirituality and Job Stress with occupational ethics through mediating role of Job Enthusiasm among nurses in Zahedan City, 2017. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology 2018; 7(1):3-10. [DOI]
41. 41. Mahipalan M, Sheena, Muhammed S. Examining the Role of Workplace Spirituality and Teacher Self-efficacy on Organizational Citizenship Behaviour of Secondary School Teachers: An Indian Scenario. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective 2019; 23(1):80-90. [DOI]
42. 42. Mahipalan M, S S. Workplace Spirituality and Subjective Happiness among High School Teachers: Gratitude As A Moderator. Explore 2019; 15(2):107-14. [DOI] [PMID]
43. 43. Joelle M, Coelho A. The impact of a spiritual environment on performance mediated by job resourcefulness. International Journal of Workplace Health Management 2019; 12(4):267-86. [DOI]
44. 44. Osman‐Gani AM, Hashim J, Ismail Y. Establishing linkages between religiosity and spirituality on employee performance. Employee Relations 2013; 35(4):360-76. [DOI]
45. 45. Haldorai K, Kim WG, Chang HS, Li JJ. Workplace spirituality as a mediator between ethical climate and workplace deviant behavior. Int J Hosp Manag 2019; doi: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2019.102372 [DOI]
46. 46. Ahmadi S, Nami Y, Barvarz R. The Relationship between Spirituality in the Workplace and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2014; 114:262-4. [DOI]
47. 47. Belwalkar Sh, Vohra V, Pandey A. The relationship between workplace spirituality, job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behaviors – an empirical study. Social Responsibility Journal 2018; 14(2):410-30. [DOI]
48. 48. Pandey A, Gupta V, Gupta RK. Spirituality and innovative behaviour in teams: Examining the mediating role of team learning. IIMB Management Review 2019; 31(2):116-26. [DOI]
49. 49. Siddiqi LA, Chick H, Dibben M. Spirituality and its Role in Responsible Leadership and Decision-Making ☆. In: Savur S, Sandhu S, editors. Responsible Leadership and Ethical Decision-Making (Research in Ethical Issues in Organizations, Vol. 17). 1st ed. Bingley, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom: Emerald Publishing Limited; 2017. P. 63-81. [DOI]
50. 50. Fanggidae RE, Suryana Y, Efendi N, Hilmiana. Effect of a Spirituality Workplace on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction (Study on the Lecturer of Private Universities in the Kupang City -Indonesia). Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2016; 219:639-46. [DOI]
51. 51. Dehaghi MR, Goodarzi M, Karimi Arazi Z. The Effect of Spiritual Values on Employees’ Organizational Commitment and Its Models. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2012; 62:159-66 [DOI]
52. 20. Milliman J, Ferguson J, Trickett D, Condemi B. Spirit and community at Southwest Airlines. Journal of Organizational Change Management 1999;12(3):221-33. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb