Volume 9, Issue 3 (Summer 2020)                   JOHE 2020, 9(3): 133-139 | Back to browse issues page

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Kazemzadeh Y, Oroji M A, Didehdar M, Nazari J, Pishvar M, Moazeni M, et al . Incidence Rate and Epidemiological Aspects of Injuries Due to Accidents in Khomein City, Iran (2018). JOHE. 2020; 9 (3) :133-139
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-375-en.html
1- MSc in Epidemiology, Dept. of Health, Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran. , yasankazemzadeh@gmail.com
2- Assistant Prof., School of Nursing and Midwifery, Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran.
3- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
4- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Pediatrics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
5- MSc in Strategic Management, Dept. of Health, Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran.
6- General Practitioner, Khomein Health Center, Khomein Faculty of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran.
7- MSc in Epidemiology, Avaj Health Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (415 Views)

Background: Accidents and injuries are one of the most important causes of disability and death in developing countries. This study was conducted to determine the incidence rate and epidemiological characteristics of accidents in the Khomein city.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was done by national program of accidents and injuries registry data in the Khomein city (n=986(. To calculate the annually Incidence Rate (IR) and age-standardized incidence rate (ASR), the world standard population was used. Chi-square and independent t-test were used to examine the relationship or difference between variables.
Results: The mean age of the injured cases was 33.5±18.2 year. The annually Incidence Rate (IR) of accidents and injuries was 941.2 cases per 100,000, while the age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) were estimated 919 per 100,000 people. The sex ratio (male to female) in all accidents was 2.45. The most incidents occurred in both sexes were reported car accidents (32.55%), motorcycle accidents (31.8%), pedestrian accidents (16.5%) and poisoning (6.18%), respectively. Significant difference was observed between gender and type of incidents. Suicide attempts in the female group were 6.5 times higher than the male group.
Conclusion: The incidence rate of traffic crashes in the city of Khomein is several times higher than provincial and national levels. Therefore, should be In addition to the optimizing the roads and removing the Accident-prone spots. The high occurrence of poisonings and suicide attempt in the women's group is warning danger for the authorities to take preventive policies and applying cultural mechanisms to reduce this ratio.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2019/12/22 | Accepted: 2020/12/27 | ePublished: 2021/02/8

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