Volume 10, Issue 4 (Autumn 2021)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2021, 10(4): 274-281 | Back to browse issues page

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Hossini Rafsanjanipoor S M, Zakeri M A, Dehghan M, Kahnooji M, Zakeri M. Psychological Consequences of the COVID-19 Disease among Physicians and Medical Students: A Survey in Kerman Province, Iran, in 2020. J Occup Health Epidemiol 2021; 10 (4) :274-281
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-447-en.html

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1- MSc in Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- MSc in Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , ma.zakeri115@gmail.com
3- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Critical Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
4- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
5- MSc in Physiology, Physiology-Pharmacology Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Article history
Received: 2021/08/1
Accepted: 2021/12/1
ePublished: 2021/12/25
Abstract:   (1503 Views)

Background: The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic can have many adverse personal and professional consequences for physicians and medical students. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 disease in physicians and medical students during the pandemic.
Materials and Methods: Using the census method, this cross-sectional study was conducted on 132 physicians and medical students working in Rafsanjan hospitals, Kerman province, Iran, from May to August 2020. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7), and Impact of Event Scale (IES) were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using SPSS 22, and descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square and Multiple logistic regression) methods were applied.
Results: More than half of the participants were female and married. According to GHQ, fifty-one and a half of the participants had psychological disorders. Based on the results, 24.2% of the participants had GAD, and 33.3% had PTSD. The results also showed that only occupation significantly correlated with psychological disorders (P = 0.01). The risk of psychological disorders in medical students was 2.38 times higher than among physicians (OR= 2.38, 95% CI= 1.11- 5.10, P = 0.026).
Conclusion: Physicians and medical students were faced too much stress in the COVID-19 pandemic. They were at great risk of mental health disorders and the psychological consequences of COVID-19 due to their job condition. Managers and health policymakers need to take the necessary mental health interventions to reduce such risks.

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