Volume 10, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)                   JOHE 2021, 10(3): 140-149 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Antoine Vikkey H, Menonli A, Badirou A, Marie-Axelle I D, Rose M, Ibrahim M C, et al . Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Factors among Workers: The Case of Two Port Companies in Cotonou, Benin (2019). JOHE. 2021; 10 (3) :140-149
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-448-en.html
1- Associate Prof., Dept of Public Health, Unit of Teaching and Research in Occupational and Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO188 Cotonou, Benin. , hinsvikkey@yahoo.fr
2- Assistant Prof, Dept of Public Health, Unit of Teaching and Research in Occupational and Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO188 Cotonou, Benin.
3- Associate Prof., Dept of Public Health, Unity of Teaching and Research in Public Health Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO188 Cotonou, Benin
4- Assistant Prof, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.
5- Associate Prof., Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.
6- Professor, Dept of Public Health, Unit of Teaching and Research in Occupational and Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO188 Cotonou, Benin.
Abstract:   (464 Views)

Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is developed by a combination of several risk factors, which can increase the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and its associated factors among Cotonou Port workers.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for descriptive and analytical purposes. The administration of the questionnaire was inspired by WHO STEPS, with biological examinations performed. MetS was selected according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). The data were analyzed using R 3.6.1 software. Besides, a univariate analysis and a multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to determine MetS-associated factors.
Results: Our study population consisted of a total of 349 workers aged 23 to 64 years. Besides, the prevalence of MetS was 18.1%. The most common features of the workers were blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg (92.1%) followed by abdominal obesity (76.3%) and glycemia ≥ 1 g/l (65.1%). After multivariate analysis, factors associated with MetS included age > 50 years (ORa = 3.97 CI95% [1.71 – 9.36], p=0.006), alcoholism (ORa = 2.05; CI95% [1.07 - 4.15], p=0.031), family history of hypertension (ORa = 2.08; CI95% [1.11 - 4.01], p=0.022) , overweight (ORa = 4.87 CI95% [2.10 - 12.75], p=0.001) and obesity (ORa = 5.80 CI95% [2.42 - 15.59], p= 0.001).
Conclusion: The MetS frequency is high among Cotonou Port workers. Accordingly, it is necessary to identify the related risks to take adequate preventive measures and to promote the workers' health.

Full-Text [PDF 536 kb]   (113 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (21 Views)  
Short Report: Original Article | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2021/11/3 | ePublished: 2021/12/1

References
1. Boursier V. [Metabolic syndrome]. J Mal Vasc 2006; 31(4 Pt 1):190-201. [DOI] [PMID]
2. Kesse-Guyot E, Ahluwalia N, Lassale C, Hercberg S, Fezeu L, Lairon D. Adherence to Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome: a 6-year prospective study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013; 23(7):677-83. [DOI] [PMID]
3. Canuto R, Pattussi MP, Macagnan JB, Henn RL, Olinto M. Metabolic syndrome in fixed-shift workers. Rev Saude Publica 2015; 49:30. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. World Health Organization. [Les maladies cardiovasculaires dans la région africaine : situation actuelle et perspectives (document AFR/RC55/12)]. The 55th Session Regional Committee for Africa; 2005 Aug 22-26; Africa Regional Office, Maputo, Mozambique. [Report]
5. International Diabetes Federation. The IDF Consensus Worldwide Definition of Metabolic Syndrome. Brussels, Belgium; International Diabetes Federation: 2006.
6. Islam SM, Purnat TD, Phuong NT, Mwingira U, Schacht K, Froschl G. Non‐communicable diseases (NCDs) in developing countries: a symposium report. Global Health 2014; 10:81. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. 7. Matheus AS, Tannus LR, Cobas RA, Palma CC, Negrato CA, Gomes MB. Impact of diabetes on cardiovascular disease: an update. Int J Hypertens 2013; 2013:653789. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation 2009; 120(16):1640-5. [DOI] [PMID]
9. Kacem I, Maoua M, Hasni Y, Kalboussi H, Hafsia M, Souguir S, et al. Evaluation of the risk of metabolic syndrome among shift workers in Tunisia. East Mediterr Health J 2019; 25(10):677-85. [DOI] [PMID]
10. Laraqui O, Laraqui S, Manar N, Loukili M, Deschamps F, Laraqui C. Screening and Prevalence of the Main Components of the Metabolic Syndrome among Health Care Workers in Morocco. Int J Innov Appl Stud 2017; 20(3):863-9. [Article]
11. Ilboudo A, Yameogo TM, Kyelem GC, Drabo LA, Bagbila A, Ouedraogo SM, et al. Syndrome métabolique et autres facteurs de risques cardiovasculaires (FDRCV) en milieu professionnel: à propos de 344 travailleurs examinés à Ouagadougou au Burkina Faso. Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2017; 78(4):439-40. [DOI]
12. Hinson AV, Kpata S, Wognin BS, Mikponhoue R, Adjobimey M, Ayelo P. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its Associated Factors Among the Employees of a Commercial Company in Togo. SciFed J Public Health 2017; 1(2):1-11. [Article]
13. Walle B, Reba K, Debela Y, Tadele K, Biadglegne F, Gutema H. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Factors Associated with It among Adults of West Gojjam: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021; 14:875-83. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Aliyu SU, Chiroma AS, Jajere AM, Gujba FK. Prevalence of Physical Inactivity, Hypertension, Obesity and Tobacco Smoking: A Case of NCDs Prevention among Adults in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Am J Med Sci Med 2015; 3(4):39-47. [Article] [DOI]
15. Amoussou-Guenou D, Wanvoegbe A, Agbodandé A, Dansou A, Tchabi Y, Eyissè Y, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Type 2 Diabetics in Benin. J Diabetes Mellitus 2015; 5(4):227-32. [DOI]
16. Assoumanou MG, Dovonou AC, Ngome MR, Akpona SA. [Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adult hypertensive subjects in health facilities in Parakou (Benin)]. Int J Biol Chem Sci 2012; 6(4):1419-27. [DOI]
17. Yessoufou AG, Behanzin J, Djihoumeto E, Isstina ZA, Ahokpe M, Sezan A. Epidemiological aspects of metabolic syndrome in the obese population of the municipality of Ouidah in southwestern Benin. Anthropo 2015; 33:111-6. [Article]
18. Kouassi KC, Pessinaba S, Kaaga L, Lamboni C, Damorou F. Prevalence of pre-diabetes, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and dyslipidemia in 350 subjects recruited at the Hédzranawoé market in Lomé (Togo). Int J Biol Chem Sci 2020; 14(8):2713-23. [DOI]
19. Ouédraogo SM, Tougouma JB, Sanon/Lompo S, Maiga S, Yaméogo TM, Kyelem CG, et al. Metabolic syndrome and cardiac metabolic risk in occupational environment. Afr J Intern Med 2016; 3(1):47-55. [Article]
20. Alavi SS, Makarem J, Mehrdad R, Abbasi M. Metabolic syndrome: a common problem among office workers. Int J Occup Environ Med 2015; 6(1):34-40. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Kim KY, Yun JM. Analysis of the association between health-related and work-related factors among workers and metabolic syndrome using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016). Nutr Res Pract 2019; 13(5):444-51. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Gombet T, Longo-Mbenza B, Ellenga-Mbolla B, Ikama MS, Mokondjimobe E, Kimbally-Kaky G, et al. Aging , female sex , migration , elevated HDL-C , and inflammation are associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome among African bank employees. Int J Gen Med 2012; 5:495-503. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Konradi AO, Rotar OP, Korostovtseva LS, Ivanenko VV, Solntcev VN, Anokhin SB, et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome components in a population of bank employees from St. Petersburg, Russia. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2011; 9(5):337-43. [DOI] [PMID]
24. Ngombe LK, Cowgill K, Monga BB, Ilunga BK, Stanis WO, Numbi OL. [Prevalence of hypertension in the population of the millers of the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo]. Pan Afr Med J 2015; 22:152. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Freiberg MS, Cabral HJ, Heeren TC, Vasan RS, Curtis Ellison R; Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Alcohol consumption and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the US.: a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes Care 2004; 27(12):2954-9. [DOI] [PMID]
26. Baik I, Shin C. Prospective study of alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 87(5):1455-63. [DOI] [PMID]
27. Fan AZ, Russell M, Naimi T, Li Y, Liao Y, Jiles R, et al. Patterns of alcohol consumption and the metabolic syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008; 93(10):3833-8. [DOI] [PMID]
28. Yessoufou AG, Behanzin J, Djihoumeto E, Isstina ZA, Ahokpe M, Sezan A. [Epidemiological Aspects of Metabolic Syndrome in the Obese Population of the Municipality Ouidah in Southwestern Benin]. Antrop 2015; 33:111-6. [Article]
29. Ogbera AO. Prevalence and gender distribution of the metabolic syndrome. Diabetol Metab Syndr 2010; 2:1. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Ulasi II, Ijoma CK, Onodugo OD. A community-based study of hypertension and cardio-metabolic syndrome in semi-urban and rural communities in Nigeria. BMC Health Serv Res 2010; 10:71. [DOI] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Hinson AV, Affo Y, Mikponhoue R, Adjobime M, Houenassi M, Fayomi B. Epidemiological Aspects of the High Blood Pressure in Occupational Environment-Case of a Bank in Cotonou (Benin). J Environ Sci Public Health 2019; 3(3):435-49. [DOI]
32. Koffi NM, Sally SJ, Kouame P, Silue K, Diarra Nama AJ. [Facies of arterial hypertension in the workplace in Abidjan]. Black Afr Med 2001; 48(6):257–60. [Article]
33. Bio A, Toyi SSM, Yoka J, Djego GJ, Awede B, Laleye A, et al. [Contribution to knowledge of the main antihypertensive plants used in traditional medicine in Bassila (Benin, West Africa)]. Pharm Series Med Trad Afr 2015; 17(2):8-18.
34. Ministry of Health, National Directorate of Health Protection, National Program for the Fight against Non-Communicable Diseases (PNLMNT). Final Report of the WHO ''STEPSWise'' Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factor Surveillance Survey 2015 Steps Survey. 2016 Sep. p 139. [Report]
35. Djrolo F, Houinato D, Gbary A, Akoha R, Djigbénoudé O, Sègnon J. Prévalence du diabète sucré dans la population adulte à Cotonou, Bénin: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult population at Cotonou, Benin. Médecine des Maladies Métaboliques 2012; 6(2):167-9. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb