Volume 2, Issue 4 (Autumn 2013)                   JOHE 2013, 2(4): 183-187 | Back to browse issues page

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Vatani J, Ghasemzadeh H, Raei M. Assessment of ultraviolet radiation exposure of welders working in Shahrud City, Iran, 2014. JOHE. 2013; 2 (4) :183-187
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-94-en.html
1- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Ergonomics, School of Public Health, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran. , jvatani@gmail.com
2- Students Research Committee, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
3- MSc, Faculty Member, Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3932 Views)

  Background : Farmers and welders who work in open spaces and are exposed to direct sunlight are often exposed to sunlight radiation o n the neck and head . Thus, they may be afflicted with various types of skin cancer . The aim of the present study was to investigate the amount of UV exposure in welders working in Shahrud City , Iran .

  Materials and Method s : This cross-sectional , descriptive , analytical study was conducted from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. in indoor environments on all welders working in Shahrud City (n = 50) in 2014. An ultraviolet radiation (UVR) meter was used to measure UV R and the instrument was calibrated and utilized using factory instruction s . Moreover , All data obtained through the demographic checklist and self-reporting , and information related to UV R exposure were entered into SPSS software and analyzed.

  Results: The results showed that average UVR exposure with personal protection was 0.27 ± 1.15 , average UVR exposure without personal protection was 4.14 ± 1.69 . In addition, skin radiation exposure amount was 2.55 ± 1.54 . There was no significant statistical relationship between presence of disease , and radiation expsoure with or without protection euqipment and on the skin of welders (P > 0.05).

  Conclusions : This study indicated that UVR is among the main harmful factors in occupational environments. Welders are vulnerable to skin and eye disease due to UVR exposure. UV exposure in welders working in Shahrud City is below the threshold value therefore, it can cause injury and damage to the welders. Furthermore, insurance status, daily radiation exposure amount, received radiation exposure amount, and use of protection equipment had no significant relationship with incidence of disease in welders.

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Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2015/04/19 | Accepted: 2015/06/24 | ePublished: 2015/07/25

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