Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2016)                   JOHE 2016, 5(3): 129-134 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bateni E, Rabiei A, Sabzikari N, Ghanbarzadegan A. Comparison of periodontal parameters among cardiovascular patients and healthy controls. JOHE. 2016; 5 (3) :129-134
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-203-en.html
1- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Periodontology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- General Dentist, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3- Dentistry Student, Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
4- Dentistry Student, Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran; Dentistry Student, Clinical Research Development Center, Ali ebn Abitaleb Hospital, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , Arash.Ghanbarzadegan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3192 Views)

Background: This study was performed to evaluate periodontal status in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and assessment of periodontal diseases prevalence in these patients.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data on 100 patients were collected with mean age of 51 ± 11 years. The case group included of 50 patients with confirmed CVD who referred to Ali-ibn Abi Talib hospital of Rafsanjan, Iran. Control group included 50 healthy volunteer subjects with no history of systemic diseases that referred to oral medicine diagnosis department of Rafsanjan Dental School. Plaque index, bleeding point index, clinical attachment loss, pocket depth and number of loosed teeth were assessed in this study.

Results: Plaque index, clinical attachment loss, pocket depth and number of lost teeth in the target group were more than the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in bleeding point index between the two groups.

Conclusions: Patients who suffer from CVD had a higher risk for periodontal disease. So oral health instructions for this group of patients should be considered more.

Full-Text [PDF 339 kb]   (538 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (442 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/13 | Accepted: 2017/02/12 | ePublished: 2017/04/8

1. Scannapieco FA. Position paper of The American Academy of Periodontology: periodontal disease as a potential risk factor for systemic diseases. J Periodontol 1998; 69(7):841-50. [PubMed]
2. Dorn JM, Genco RJ, Grossi SG, Falkner KL, Hovey KM, Iacoviello L, et al. Periodontal disease and recurrent cardiovascular events in survivors of myocardial infarction (MI): the Western New York Acute MI Study. J Periodontol 2009; 81(4):502-11. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Imaki M, Ogawa Y, Yoshida Y, Uchida M, Tanada S. Cohort study of the total leukocyte count and periodontal disease among company employees. Environ Health and Prev Med 1999; 4(1):54-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
4. Khosravi Samani M, Jalali F, Seyyed Ahadi SM, Hoseini SR, Dabbagh Sattari F. The relationship between acute myocardial infarction and periodontitis. Caspian J Intern Med 2013;4(2):667-71. [PubMed]
5. Buhlin K, Gustafsson A, Pockley AG, Frostegård J, Klinge B. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with periodontitis. Eur Heart J 2003; 24(23):2099-107. [PubMed]
6. Joshipura KJ, Rimm EB, Douglass CW, Trichopoulos D, Ascherio A, Willett WC. Poor oral health and coronary heart disease. J Dent Res 1996; 75(9):1631-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Cabala A, Chomyszyn-Gajewska M, Drozdz W. The impact of periodontal infection on systemic inflammatory process and atherosclerosis. Przegl lek 2006; 63(8):681-4. [Article] [Google Scholar]
8. Ford PJ, Yamazaki K, Seymour GJ. Cardiovascular and oral disease interactions: what is the evidence? Prim Dent Care 2007; 14(2):59-66. [PubMed]
9. Herzberg MC, Meyer MW. Effects of oral flora on platelets: possible consequences in cardiovascular disease. J Periodontol 1996; 67(10 Suppl):1138-42. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. 10. Accarini R, de Godoy MF. Doença periodontal como potencial fator de risco para síndromes coronarianas agudas. Arq Bras Cardiol 2006; 87(5):592-6. [Article]
11. Johnson RC, Leopold JA, Loscalzo J. Vascular calcification: pathobiological mechanisms and clinical implications. Circ Res 2006; 99(10):1044-59. [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Johnson GK, Hill M. Cigarette smoking and the periodontal patient. J Periodontol 2004; 75(2):196-209. [Article] [PubMed]
13. Zanella SM, de Souza LV, Suzigan BH, Saba-Chujfi E, Barbisan JN. Associação entre saúde bucal e doença arterial coronária aterosclerótica em pacientes submetidos a cineangiocoronariografia: estudo transversal controlado. Revista Brasileira de Cardiologia Invasiva 2012; 20(2):178-83. [Article]
14. Dhadse P, Gattani D, Mishra R. The link between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease: How far we have come in last two decades? J Indian Soc Periodontol 2010; 14(3):148-54. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Shetty D, Dua M, Kumar K, Dhanapal R, Astekar M, Shetty DC. Oral hygiene status of individuals with cardiovascular diseases and associated risk factors. Clin Pract 2012; 2(4):e86. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Ramesh A, Thomas B, Rao A. Evaluation of the association between chronic periodontitis and acute coronary syndrome: A case control study. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2013; 17(2):210-3. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Lockhart PB, Bolger AF, Papapanou PN, Osinbowale O, Trevisan M, Levison ME, et al. Periodontal disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease: does the evidence support an independent association?: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012; 125(20):2520-44. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Stewart R, West M. Increasing evidence for an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2016; 133(6):549-51. [DOI] [PubMed]
19. Kjellström B, Rydén L, Klinge B, Norhammar A. Periodontal disease - important to consider in cardiovascular disease prevention. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2016; 14(9):987-9. [DOI] [PubMed]
20. Blaizot A, Vergnes JN, Nuwwareh S, Amar J, Sixou M. Periodontal diseases and cardiovascular events: meta-analysis of observational studies. Int Dent J 2009; 59(4):197-209. [PubMed]
21. Watt RG, Tsakos G, de Oliveira C, Hamer M. Tooth loss and cardiovascular disease mortality risk--results from the Scottish Health Survey. PLoS One 2012; 7(2):e30797. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030797 [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Carranza FA, Newman MG, Irving Glickman's Clinical Periodontology Glickman. Clinical periodontology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, United States: Walter Burns Saunders Co; 1996. P.61-77. [Book]
23. Matthews DC. Periodontal medicine: a new paradigm. J Can Dent Assoc 2000; 66(9):488-91. [PubMed]
24. Zhang B, Khalaf H, Sirsjo A, Bengtsson T. Gingipains from the periodontal pathogen porphyromonas gingivalis play a significant role in regulation of angiopoietin 1 and angiopoietin 2 in human aortic smooth muscle cells. Infect Immun 2015; 83(11):4256-65. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Noguchi S, Toyokawa S, Miyoshi Y, Suyama Y, Inoue K, Kobayashi Y. Five-year follow-up study of the association between periodontal disease and myocardial infarction among Japanese male workers: MY Health Up Study. J Public Health (Oxf) 2015; 37(4):605-11. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Persson GR, Persson RE. Cardiovascular disease and periodontitis: an update on the associations and risk. J Clin Periodontol 2008; 35(8 Suppl):362-79. [DOI] [PubMed]
27. Gomes Domingues JE, Vettore MV, Lima E. Association between markers of cardiovascular risk and clinical parameters of periodontitis. Rev Odontol UNESP 2013; 42(5):336-43. [Article]
28. Geerts SO, Legrand V, Charpentier J, Albert A, Rompen EH. Further evidence of the association between periodontal conditions and coronary artery disease. J Periodontol 2004; 75(9):1274-80. [DOI] [PubMed]
29. Briggs JE, McKeown PP, Crawford VLS, Woodside JV, Stout RW, Evans A, et al. Angiographically confirmed coronary heart disease and periodontal disease in middle-aged males. J Periodontol 2006; 77(1):95-102. [Article] [DOI]
30. Lopez R, Oyarzun M, Naranjo C, Cumsille F, Ortiz M, Baelum V. Coronary heart disease and periodontitis -- a case control study in Chilean adults. J Clin Periodontol 2002; 29(5):468-73. [PubMed]
31. Geismar K, Stoltze K, Sigurd B, Gyntelberg F, Holmstrup P. Periodontal disease and coronary heart disease. J Periodontol 2006; 77(9):1547-54. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb