Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2017)                   JOHE 2017, 6(4): 225-233 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Soltanmoradi Y, Ansari A, Heidari S. Occupational stress among operating room nurses of hospitals affiliated to Kerman universities of medical sciences, Iran (2016): A cross-sectional study. JOHE. 2017; 6 (4) :225-233
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-255-en.html
1- MSc Student of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Academic Member, Dept. of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Fundamental Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Geriatric Care Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. , kermanshah3252@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3326 Views)
Background: Nurses’ working environments, especially operating rooms are stressful environments due to their undesirable factors and conditions. The present study was conducted to determine sources of occupational stress among operating room nurses of hospitals affiliated to universities of medical sciences in Kerman, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the operating rooms of hospitals affiliated to universities of medical sciences, in Kerman. The sample population consisted of 250 operating room nurses with at least 1 year of work experience. The subjects were selected using randomized cluster sampling. Data were collected using a socio-demographic data form and the Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS). The collected data were analyzed using independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and ANOVA in SPSS software.
Results: Operating room nurses rated situations of the “death and dying” subscale as the most stressful, whereas situations of “discrimination” were described as less stressful. Uncertainty concerning treatment was significantly affected by gender; women had higher scores in this subscale (P = 0.019). Moreover, general operating room nurses (vs. specialized) had significantly higher mean scores regarding the perception of the stressfulness of “inadequate preparation”, “conflict with physicians”, and “discrimination” subscales (P < 0.50).
Conclusions: The situations of the death and dying subscale were the most important stressors from the viewpoint of operating room nurses. Due to nurses’ constant observation of patients’ pain and suffering, preparing them for coping with such stressors is necessary through education and organizational/familial supports.
Full-Text [PDF 513 kb]   (1366 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (655 Views)  
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2017/06/20 | Accepted: 2017/10/31 | ePublished: 2018/01/23

References
1. Toubaei Sh, Sahraeian A. Burnout and job satisfaction of nurses working in internal, surgery, psychiatry burn and burn wards. The Horizon of Medical Sciences 2007; 12(4):40-5. [Article]
2. Healy CM, McKay MF. Nursing stress: the effects of coping strategies and job satisfaction in a sample of Australian nurses. J Adv Nurs 2000; 31(3):681-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Selye H. The stress of my life: a scientist's memoirs. 2nd ed. New York, Toronto: Van Nostrand Reinhold; 1979. [Book]
4. McVicar A. Workplace stress in nursing: a literature review. J Adv Nurs 2003; 44(6):633-42. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Sauter S, Murphy L, Colligan M, Swanson N, Hurrell Jr J, Scharf F, et al. Stress at work. United States: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH); 1999. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 99–101. [Report] [DOI]
6. Parvin N, Kazemian A, Hassan Poor A, Alavi A. Evaluation nurses, job stressors in Shahrekord hospitals affiliated to medical university in 2002. Modern Care Journal 2005; 2(3):31-5. [Article]
7. Laal M, Aliramaie N. Nursing and coping with stress. Int J Collab Res Intern Med Public Health 2010; 2(5):168-81. [Article]
8. Tyler PA, Ellison RN. Sources of stress and psychological well-being in high-dependency nursing. J Adv Nurs 1994; 19(3):469-76. [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Benoliel JQ, McCorkle R, Georgiadou F, Denton T, Spitzer A. Measurement of stress in clinical nursing. Cancer Nurs 1990; 13(4):221-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Foxall MJ, Zimmerman L, Standley R, Bené B. A comparison of frequency and sources of nursing job stress perceived by intensive care, hospice and medical‐surgical nurses. J Adv Nurs 1990; 15(5):577-84. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Khodaveisi M, Mohammadi N, Omidi A. Frequency of job stress in clinical nurses. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty 2006; 13(2):44-54. [Article]
12. Yoosefian Miandoab N, Charkhat Gorgich E, Rezvani Amin M, Shahrakipoor M. Occupational stress in operating room and anesthesia technicians of Zahedan Ali ebne Abitaleb hospital. Journal of Student Research Center (Beyhagh) 2015; 20(2):33-41. [Article]
13. Asadi Fakhr A, Asadi S. Investigation of the amount of stressors in operating room nurses. Pajouhan Scientific Journal 2017; 15(2):27-31. [Article]
14. Chen CK, Lin C, Wang SH, Hou TH. A study of job stress, stress coping strategies, and job satisfaction for nurses working in middle-level hospital operating rooms. J Nurs Res 2009; 17(3):199-211. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Folkman S. Stress: appraisal and coping. In: Gellman MD, Turner JR, editors. Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine. New York (NY): Springer; 2013. P.1913-5. [Book] [DOI]
16. Hinds PS, Srivastava DK, Randall EA, Green A, Stanford D, Pinlac R, et al. Testing the revised stress-response sequence model in pediatric oncology nurses. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 2003; 20(5):213-32. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Charnley E. Occupational stress in the newly qualified staff nurse. Nurs Stand 1999; 13(29):33-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Tylor CR, Lillis C, LeMone P, Lynn P. Fundamentals of nursing: the art of science and nursing care. 7th ed. Philadelphia, United States: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2010. [Book]
19. Glazer Sh, Gyurak A. Sources of occupational stress among nurses in five countries. Int J Intercult Relat 2008; 32(1):49-66.‏ [Sciencedirect] [DOI]
20. Kolakari Sh, Sanakoo A, Mirkarimei F, Behnampour N. The level of stress among Gorgan University of Medical Sciences hospital operation room's personals and its relation to some related factors. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences 2002; 4(2):54-9. [Article]
21. French SE, Lenton R, Walters V, Eyles J. An empirical evaluation of an expanded nursing stress scale. J Nurs Meas 2000; 8(2):161-78. [PubMed]
22. AbuRuz ME. A comparative study about the impact of stress on job satisfaction between jordanian and saudi nurses. Eur Sci J 2014; 10(17):162-72. [Article]
23. Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Valiei S, Rezaei M, Rezaei K. The relationship between personality characteristics and nursing occupational stress. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing 2013; 1(3):27-34. [Article]
24. Milutinović D, Golubović B, Brkić N, Prokeš B. Professional stress and health among critical care nurses in Serbia. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 2012; 63(2):171-80. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Esfandnia A, Nasiri E, khezli M, Esfandnia F, Bayat R. Job stress in nurses of teaching hospital of Imam Reza Kermanshah, 2015. Acta Medica Mediterranea 2016; 32:983-6. [Article]
26. Adeb-Saeedi J. Stress amongst emergency nurses. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2002; 5(2):19-24. [Sciencedirect] [DOI]
27. Ghasemi S, Attar M. Investigate of intensity of job stressors in hospital nurses in the Babol, Sari and Behshahr 2011. Acceptable in: www.betsa. ir
28. EL-Desouky AR, EL-Wazery MS. Mixed mode crack propagation of zirconia/nickel functionally graded materials. International Journal of Engineering 2013; 26(8):885-94. [Article] [DOI]
29. Hopkinson JB, Hallett CE, Luker KA. Caring for dying people in hospital. J Adv Nurs 2003; 44(5):525-33. [DOI] [PubMed]
30. Karimi Moneghy H, Zubin F, Yavari M, Noghredani M, Abdollahi H. Nurses' experience of dealing with dying patients. Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty 2013; 11(9):688-97. [Article]
31. Hebrani P, Behdani F, Mobtaker M. Evaluation of stress factors in nurses of different hospital wards. Journal of fundamentals of Mental Health 2008; 10(39):231-7. [Article]
32. Mays RJ. Can compassionate care be documented in the electronic medical record? Pomona, CA, United States: Western University of Health Sciences, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing; 2012. [Book]
33. Crigger NJ, Brannigan M, Baird M. Compassionate nursing professionals as good citizens of the world. ANS Adv Nurs Sci 2006; 29(1):15-26. [DOI] [PubMed]
34. Fowler MDM. Guide to the code of ethics for nurses: Interpretation and application. Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America: American Nurses Association, Nursesbooks; 2008.‏ [Book]
35. Brunner S. Text book of medical surgical nursing.Cancer and end of life care. 12th ed. Tehran Salami. Text book of medical surgical nursing.Cancer and end of life care: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
36. Abou Hashish EA. Relationship between ethical work climate and nurses’ perception of organizational support, commitment, job satisfaction and turnover intent. Nurs Ethics 2017; 24(2):151-66‏. [DOI] [PubMed]
37. Payne SA, Dean SJ, Kalus C. A comparative study of death anxiety in hospice and emergency nurses. J Adv Nurs 1998; 28(4):700-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
38. Mohebbifar R, Kiaei MZ, Khosravizadeh O, Sadeghi T, Ahansazan H. Job stress and its related factors in nurses of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Medical Education and Development 2015; 7(1):55-63. [Article]
39. Hazavehei MM, Hosseini Z, Moeini B, Moghimbeigi A, Hamidi Y. Assessing stress level and stress management among Hamadan hospital nurses based on precede model. Quarterly of Horizon of Medical Sciences 2012; 18(2):78-85. [Article]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb