Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring 2022)                   J Occup Health Epidemiol 2022, 11(2): 129-137 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghelichkhani F, Mohammadi A, Mohammadshahi F, Khalili-Shomia S, Azadi A, Bahrami-Vazir E. The Association between Sociodemographic Characteristics, Creativity and Occupational Stress among Nurses Working in Ilam Hospitals, Iran (2019). J Occup Health Epidemiol 2022; 11 (2) :129-137
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1- Ph.D. Student in Reproductive Health, Dept. of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- M.Sc. Student in Epidemiology, Dept. of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
3- Instructor, Dept. of Paramedicine, Amol School of Paramedical Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
4- Associated Prof., Dept. of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
5- Instructor, Dept. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. , bahramivazir2541@yahoo.com
Article history
Received: 2021/12/25
Accepted: 2022/07/20
ePublished: 2022/08/22
Abstract:   (1354 Views)
Background: Nursing occupation can be stressful, with various practical factors, and nurse creativity plays a significant role in clinical nursing success. This study aims to determine nurses' association of socio-demographic characteristics and creativity with occupational stress.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 200 nurses working in teaching hospitals in Ilam, Iran in 2019. Sampling was performed by the simple random method. Data collection tools included socio-demographic, job stress, and Abedi creativity questionnaire (CT). Data analysis was performed using SPSS software v.21. One-way ANOVA and independent t-test were used to compare the mean occupational stress scores among different sociodemographic groups. The Pearson correlation test investigated the associations between occupational stress and creativity, and a general linear model was used to determine a correlation between occupational stress and soci-demographic characteristics.
Results: About 73% of nurses had low and 25% had no occupational stress (score: >3.5), There was correlation between occupational stress and creativity (p>0.001, r= 0.25) and sub-domains: fluidity (p> 0.001, r= 0.26), innovation (p= 0.003, r= 0.20), and flexibility (r = 0.25, p <0.001). There was significant correlation between occupational stress and socio-demographic characteristics, including education status, work experience, number of night shifts per month, and satisfaction with hospital employment.
Conclusion: we concluded that health managers should help with spoting creativity to solve health system problems by providing a stress-free environment.
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