Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018)                   JOHE 2018, 7(4): 194-200 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi S, Rajabi S, Ebadi Z, Mashalpoorefard M. Comparing trait-state anxiety as well as positive and negative affect among obese and normal women (Ahvaz city, Iran, 2017). JOHE. 2018; 7 (4) :194-200
URL: http://johe.rums.ac.ir/article-1-306-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran. , saramhasti@yahoo.com
2- Department of Psychology, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.
3- Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (918 Views)
Background: Obesity leads to a wide range of problems. Hence, this research was conducted to compare the trait-state anxiety as well as positive and negative affect in obese and normal women.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed in eight sports clubs within the time period of 2017 to 2018 in Ahvaz. To do this, a sample of 200 women, who referred to sports clubs was selected by the convenience sampling method. The tools included the positive and negative affect scale and the Spielberg’s state-trait anxiety inventory. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Version 23), the multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), and the Pearson's correlation coefficient.
Results: According to the results, the multivariate analysis of variance at the level of P<0.001 showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the obese and normal women. The difference was in terms of trait anxiety (normal, 39.27±9.23; obese, 46.73±8.73), state anxiety (normal, 38.20±8.62; obese, 47.07±8.01), positive affect (normal, 42.15±6.12; obese, 38.40±7.69), and negative affect (normal, 23.35±5.98; obese, 30.12±7.04).
Conclusion: In this study, the data analysis showed that negative affect and positive affect were different in the two groups. Moreover, the obese women had a higher negative attitude than the normal women. In addition, the results demonstrated that trait-state anxiety was different in obese and normal individuals. Our results indicate that obese people are more anxious than normal people.

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Type of Study: original article | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2018/05/10 | Accepted: 2018/11/12 | ePublished: 2019/02/13

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